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Hybrid Cars I have always wondered what Hybrid cars were all about. Especially because over persuasive essay on killing, the . Biosphere? past couple of years gas prices have been at record highs. I knew that there were such things as electric cars but until this last year or so I have only seen the wealthy be able to short essay adolf hitler, afford to drive them. Biosphere Essay? And from what I had heard about Hybrid cars was that they were over priced, small, and not so attractive cars . No wonder nobody owns them. Case Jobs? Now I am starting to see them more often and they aren't as.
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Other Hybrid cars include the Honda Insight Hybrid , Toyota Camry. General Motors , Honda , Honda Civic Hybrid 2153 Words | 7 Pages. ?SPEECH OUTLINE Title: HYBRID CAR INTRODUCTION Attention Getting Opener 1. Show Video Clip 2. Introduce myself . Greeting Assalamualaikum and very good morning to my lecturer sir Md Shaiful Anuar bin Wagiman, friends and my fellow audience. Preview My topic will be according my three main points, that is: i. Advantage of using hybrid car ii. Disadvantage of essay, hybrid car iii. Benefits of driving a hybrid car Transition 1: Ladies and study jobs gentlemen, I will start with my first. Automobile , Electric motor , Electric vehicle 736 Words | 4 Pages. MKTG 396: Assignment #1: The Prius Leading a Wave of Hybrid Cars Question #1: Company: Within the biosphere, company there are a few . areas to look at regarding Toyota's introduction of the Prius. Harry Fellowship? Areas such as financing, research, development, as well as others.
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high-tech hybrids — cars that combine the power of a gas engine with an electric motor to reduce fuel consumption and emissions — . Biosphere? may seem like something only an environmentalist or an engineer could get revved up about. The fact is, however, that a new generation of printable, hybrid cars and trucks due to go on sale within the next 12 months offer a number of very practical advantages for families, from saving money to helping save the planet. Essay? Many experts are predicting 2004 will be the year that hybrids turn. Fuel economy in automobiles , Honda , Honda Civic Hybrid 1116 Words | 4 Pages. Gasoline powered vehicles are better! No, hybrids are better!
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and reduces brake wear. Hybrid electric vehicles Hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) are powered by essay a combination of electricity . and either petrol or diesel. The electricity is printable paper, used only as an biosphere intermediate energy storage medium to speech and oral, improve the overall efficiency of the vehicle. They therefore DO NOT need to be plugged in to recharge the battery. Biosphere Essay? This cuts down on essay printable paper the amount of fuel needed, producing fewer emissions and lowering overall fuel costs. As with BEVs, most hybrids also use ‘regenerative braking’. Electric car , Electric vehicle , Lead-acid battery 1694 Words | 6 Pages. Persuasive Speech Outline Template Introduction I. Biosphere Essay? Capture Attention II.
Reveal topic III. Establish “connection” . with audience (Don’t forget to establish your credibility too.) IV. Action statement (What exactly do you want us to do or to believe?) V. Preview statement of main points I. So, does anyone know how to work on a hybrid engine? Or engines, meaning two, shall I say. Printable? A. Essay? Hybrid cars are comprised of two engines, typically one gasoline. Automobile , Electric vehicle , Hybrid vehicle 514 Words | 3 Pages. MARKETING PLAN HONDA MOTORS hereby launches the all new family Honda EC CRV, the new eco friendly car that makes others “go green” with envy . for Oxygen is gender roles, priceless. Save the earth, plant a tree because their is biosphere essay, no Planet B. Frank Guggenheim? all you got to do is drive a Honda EC CRV.
Introduction For the purpose of this assignment, I will choose hybrid automobiles that run on gasoline as well as alternative fuel i.e. Electricity. Biosphere? The rising fuel prices and persuasive animals increasing air pollution along with depleting . 2000s automobiles , Front wheel drive vehicles , Honda 1135 Words | 4 Pages. John Tso Professor: Matthew Ryckebusch Navitas 101 Assignment #3 Word count: 925 The Benefits of Hybrid Cars There was once . Biosphere Essay? a time when you could turn on the news and persuasive animals not hear about the terrible state of the environment or the impending doom that is global warming. That time has become part of the biosphere essay, past.
The standard automobile can be blamed for about adolf hitler, a large portion of the conflict. Today’s large gasoline engines spew harmful emissions into biosphere the air every time we drive. Of course as a result, the. Automobile , Electric vehicle , Honda Insight 1044 Words | 3 Pages. Hybrid Car Technology: One Way to Reduce the printable paper, Air Pollution Contents Bil. 1. Essay? Titles Introduction Pages 2 2. . Persuasive Animals? Hybrid Car Technology: One Way to Reduce the biosphere essay, Air Pollution 3-5 3. Conclusion 6 4. Appendix 7-8 5. Reference 9 1 Introduction There are millions of cars on the road of Malaysia especially in Kuala Lumpur, main city of Malaysia. Speech Topics? Each one is a source of air pollution in this country. The amount of pollutants such as Carbon Monoxide that.
Automobile , Electric vehicle , Flexible-fuel vehicle 943 Words | 4 Pages. friendly. Take the biosphere essay, auto industry for example; just about every car company has a “green” car out. I absolutely adore the idea of . mass producing cars with low emissions, and speech and oral topics exceptional gas mileage, but some car manufacturers are going about biosphere essay making eco friendly cars in the wrong ways. In 1997, the first hybrid car was released. The Toyota Prius was a type of technology we Americans have never seen before. Harry And Dissertation? Nobody has ever thought of making a car with en electric motor and essay a gas powered engine. For a while.
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Persuasive Essay Erica Crawley COMM215 August 10, 2014 University of Phoenix Running head: PERSUASIVE . ESSAY 1 PERSUASIVE ESSAY 2 Persuasive Essay Many people can benefit from joining the Military service for animals, a lot of different reasons. Some joined for the pay, to serve their country and some do it for the experience. Biosphere Essay? There are many reason people join the thesis, United States Army. Some other reasons to join the biosphere, Army could be job security, education benefits, health insurance benefits, life. Ernest McFarland , G.I. Bill , Health insurance 779 Words | 3 Pages. Hybrid Cars, how it affects the persuasive animals, ecosystem. views 5.1 Hybrid cars have positive effects to biosphere, the ecosystem 3 5.1.1 Low emissions and high fuel efficiency 3 5.1.2 . Low cost and financial aid available 4 5.2 Hybrid cars have endangering effects to the ecosystem 4 5.2.1 Batteries and Fuel Cell 4 5.2.2 Price and essay on killing cost of spare parts 4 6.0 Conclusion 5 References 1.0 Introduction This report aims to explore the views of biosphere essay, people who believe that hybrid cars do affect the. Automobile , Electric vehicle , Greenhouse gas 1143 Words | 5 Pages.
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Robert Hobson Introduction A universal healthcare . plan would lower the harry frank guggenheim, overall healthcare cost and essay make it affordable for more people. The Obamacare, addresses key issues that are beneficial to the majority and not the rich minority population. The plan focus on case jobs affordable insurance for more people, coverage for children with pre-existing conditions, and requiring business with fifty or more employees to offer health insurance. Health , Health care , Health economics 794 Words | 3 Pages. Persuasive essay to your Employer Maria Cummings-Pinole Comm. /105 May 22, 2010 Margaret Fletcher Persuasive . essay to your Employer Tuition reimbursement program is one thing that every company should consider to offer to their employees.
The program will not only benefit employees but the essay, company as well. Companies who offer this program are usually at an upper hand over a company that does not offer it. Three advantages for a company that offer tuition reimbursement program are, more knowledge. Commerce , Company , Employment 960 Words | 3 Pages. Persuasive Essay Medelin Ocasio COMM/215 Essentials of Collage Writing January 29, 2013 Instructor Beverly Raznoff . Persuasive Essay In the future; university education would be free? A few days ago my daughter asked me why people pay for our college education if everyone can help the society. Immediately flowed many questions in thesis roles my mind and biosphere essay realized that her inquietude was true. Essay About Adolf? Education is the biosphere, key to success.
At different stages of thesis gender roles, my life I have heard this phrase. Academic degree , College , Education 827 Words | 5 Pages. Lindsey Borassi English 101 Car Essay #4 April 27, 2011 It couldn’t have been a more of an everntful day. My father was . working at biosphere, Friendly Honda on Route 44 at the time, therefore he recived a low price on the hoopty. For my sixteenth birthday a tan 1995 Honda Accord was sitting in my driveway waiting for me to drive it. Speech Topics? Though it was slightly rusted over the right rear tire, I was grateful to biosphere essay, even have a car to call my own at the age of Sixteen. I was even more grateful when I found out. Acura TL , Automobile , Brake 920 Words | 3 Pages.
Persuasive Essay Laziness in America By Greg Hill Comp 2 America today is a very lazy place; people have become too . Speech? accustomed to biosphere essay, their ways and will not even consider what it is doing to them. Everyone constantly praises our wonderful technology; what they don’t realize is what our tech has done to essay about adolf hitler, us. As we depend more and more on gadgets to do things for us we lose ourselves to apathy and our personal interests completely forgetting the common good. Biosphere Essay? When it becomes so easy to satisfy our. Adipose tissue , Body mass index , Body shape 1046 Words | 3 Pages. PERSUASIVE ESSAY COMM/215 ESSENTIALS OF COLLEGE WRITING JANUARY 20TH, 2013 The use of guns is harry guggenheim fellowship, everywhere nationwide. . Many families and essay individuals own a gun for their own personal protection. Some families only feel comfortable owning a gun in their home to protect their families, than Sandy Hook happened and the world started turning. All of the sudden guns became dangerous but what people don’t understand is that before that tragedy happened many families and individuals still had ownership.
Cannon , Firearm , Gun 812 Words | 3 Pages. ?Lorenzo Escude BBonincontri Ethical decision September / 22 / 2014 Persuasive essay The social network The social . networks like Facebook actually alienate people instead of bringing them together through the isolation of sitting alone on harry frank fellowship the computer. The film The social network, is a film that brings the essay, story how does this person create the Facebook. It is a story of entrepreneurship and theft, and of friendship and jobs betrayal. More than anything else, it is a study of Mark Zuckerberg, Facebook’s.
Dustin Moskovitz , Facebook , Mark Zuckerberg 904 Words | 4 Pages. Persuasive Essay In 1983, Raymond Carver introduced his short story “Cathedral” to the public. Biosphere Essay? The first-person narrative takes . place within the narrator’s home, where his wife is waiting upon the arrival of her blind friend Robert. The narrator, however, becomes more concerned about how Robert’s visit will affect him rather than enjoy the situation. Once Robert arrives, the narrator tries to gender roles, understand the blind man, but he is essay, unaware of what tasks Robert is capable of thesis gender, performing due to the narrator’s. Alcohol , Alcoholic beverage , Alcoholism 807 Words | 3 Pages. Chana Mushka Kalmanson Persuasive Essay November 26, 2012 Physical Education is a Necessity Schools are struggling with . the issue of whether physical education classes (“PE”) are a necessity or are an extra-curricular. However, PE is and must be an absolute necessity. Biosphere Essay? It is integral to the comprehensive school experience, both academically and socially. As such, it is vital that physical education classes be incorporated into the curriculum, regardless of grade.
High school students. College , Exercise , Grammar school 868 Words | 3 Pages. Adam A Bentley English Comp. I Professor Singer January 31, 2012 Persuasive Essay , I’d Rather Smoke Than Kiss In times . like today, people have mixed views on smoking and on the effects it has on the human body. Most people who smoke, feel that non-smokers are against them, and believe in the myths that are portrayed by roles cigarette companies.
They do not realize how addictive cigarettes are, and end up stuck with the burden. I feel that her entire article is truly opinionated and biosphere essay biased about. Cigarette , Lung cancer , Nicotine 889 Words | 3 Pages. Evan Bennett November 4, 2010 Persuasive Essay Gay discrimination is paper, a major problem that affects individuals all across the . country. Biosphere Essay? The Defense of Marriage Act needs to case, be repealed. First, the biosphere, Defense against Marriage Act will be explained and then why it needs to be repealed, then the effects the law has on communication society. The federal government needs to give same sex couples the same health benefits that heterosexual couples receive. Currently, the government offers employees benefits such as health. Bisexuality , Bullying , Discrimination 881 Words | 3 Pages.
?Iomy Estevez April 8, 2013 Persuasive essay Mandaory School Uniform Have you thought about how your family, your . home, music and even television have influenced you on the way you behave or even dress? While I was in middle school it was mandatory for biosphere, all students to wear uniform and I loved it, i felt welcome into case writing the school and biosphere since every one had to essay paper, wear the same thing no one was bullied and i became a straight A student sice i would only focuse in school. Essay? Then high school came. Clothing , College , Dress code 802 Words | 3 Pages. Gabby Nelson Mr. Telles English 2; Period 4 6 March 2013 Persuasive Essay Although many countries use nuclear weapons, it . is a struggle for roles, them to realize that it is very destructive and harmful to essay, the people and land.
One nuclear bomb can kill a many as an entire city, and gender can cause many long-lasting effects on peoples lives. The use of essay, nuclear weapons is thesis gender roles, never justified, it is destructive to the country and can kill many innocent people. Essay? Many people say that nuclear weapons should be used. Atomic bombings of frank guggenheim and dissertation fellowship, Hiroshima and Nagasaki , Hiroshima , Little Boy 905 Words | 3 Pages. Persuasive Essay Communications The housing . market or the biosphere, housing bubble, which burst did affect everyone nationally and local has been hit by the economy .My opinion I do not think that the gender roles, housing market contributed to what the economy is today. Biosphere? But he housing market did hit the peak for what houses were worth in hitler the San Diego area.( And this was all caused by the actions of lenders are directly attributable. Debt , Fannie Mae , Mortgage 856 Words | 3 Pages. Persuasive Essay COMM/215 Legalize Marijuana This essay will be about the legal issues of marijuana. Biosphere? The . California government chooses to have a vote in California and other states and it passed the short essay about adolf, vote, now the federal government is trying to shut down dispensaries in the state. Even though California passed the vote in 1996 to allow the use of medical marijuana for medical use, the drug is still illegal under federal law.
According to federal law, any amount found on a person is a misdemeanor. Cannabis , Domestic violence , Global Marijuana March 963 Words | 3 Pages. HFCC English 1/30/2015 0 to 100 Real Quick If you could have any car in the world, what would you choose? Some might say a 1970 Dodge . Essay? Challenger R/T, or a 2002 R34 Skyline GT-R, or perhaps a 2015 BMW M5. There are so many varieties of automobiles, from sports to luxury. Today’s cars , compared to the first ones sold, are very complex and have astonishing features. From the very first car productions around 1910, to sportier cars in the 1950’s, to today’s speedy and thesis beautiful automobiles, the evolution.
Automobile , Dearborn, Michigan , Diesel engine 900 Words | 5 Pages. 101 Persuasive Essay Topics By: Mr. Morton Whether you are a student in need of a persuasive essay . Biosphere Essay? topic, or a teacher looking to persuasive essay on killing, assign a persuasive essay , this list of 101 persuasive essay topics should be a great resource. I taxed my brain to create this huge list of persuasive essay topics relevant to today's society, but I believe I am happy with the results. Biosphere Essay? I appreciate any and essay all comments or feedback. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Biosphere? 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14.
15. 16. 17. 18. 19. Thesis? 20. Biosphere? 21. 22. 23. 24. College , Education , Fast food 1228 Words | 4 Pages. ? bcom/215 Persuasive Essay At least 11% of women smoke during pregnancy.
Many of these . women smoke without knowing the persuasive essay animals, significant negative effects smoking has on their babies before, during, and after the pregnancy. When a woman smokes during pregnancy, she exposes her baby to essay, dangerous chemicals such as tar, carbon monoxide, nicotine, and other poisonous chemicals that travels through the and oral topics, bloodstream and goes directly to essay, the baby. Persuasive On Killing Animals? Nicotine restricts the essay, oxygen. Acute respiratory distress syndrome , Breastfeeding , Childbirth 788 Words | 3 Pages. ? Sydia Smith December 17, 2013 ENGL 101 Persuasive Essay Assignment: For generations people . of color have been put into short about hitler a system caste of injustice. From slavery, to the Jim Crow era, and biosphere essay now in today’s society. Case Study Writing? Today in the United States the incarceration rate has nearly tripled over biosphere essay, the years. Harry And Dissertation? With the significant increase in biosphere essay the incarceration rates, it leads you to wonder what the cause may be. The government has found a way to speech communication, indirectly create another system.
African American , Drug addiction , Incarceration 1013 Words | 3 Pages. Final: Persuasive Essay “Home Sweet Home” COM/156 Why spend money that is really needed for other things? Why live . uncomfortably? Why be trapped in this hole called a home that belongs to another person? Why not live free and peacefully? When a person rents he or she usually throws away money that could be used to purchase something that belongs to them. Money is not easy to come by so why pay out biosphere, hundreds toward something that is not benefit to case study writing jobs, the person paying it out.
There is no good explanation. Apartment , English-language films , Landlord 1195 Words | 3 Pages. ? ENG 121.201 14 July 2014 Persuasive Essay : It's not just a game, to many athletes this statement rings . true. Essay? Sports fuel the essay paper, drive and determination within people, and essay provide them an essential learning tool from which they can grow. Competitive is defined as, of or relating to a situation in which people or groups are trying to win a contest or be more successful than other : relating to speech and oral communication topics, or involving competition .(merriam-webster.com) This concept of biosphere essay, competitiveness is.
Child , Game , Health 1173 Words | 3 Pages. ?Hannah Gillespie Mr. Shoupe Period 7 Persuasive Essay 6 October 2014 Don’t Protect Marriage, Expand It Everyone has rights. In . America, we have the Bill of Rights, telling the American people that they have the right to bear arms, freedom of speech, etc. A human, in any circumstance, has the adolf, right to love, and to get married. Why is essay, it that men and women are expected to speech and oral, get married, have a family, and grow old together, but the right to be in a relationship with someone of the same gender is unspeakable. Civil union , Heterosexism , Homophobia 990 Words | 4 Pages. 2005 Hyundai Tiburon For my sixteenth birthday all I ever wanted was my very own car . A car I could take to school, Pick . my friends up in, and have the biosphere, freedom that I have always wanted. For me to do this would mean I have to convince my parents to purchase one for roles, me. Biosphere? Convincing my parents, means I would have to clean, get good grades, and give them plenty of and oral topics, reasons of why I deserved my own vehicle.
I knew it was going to be difficult. Before I ever mentioned anything to essay, my parents. Automobile , English-language films , Family 1160 Words | 3 Pages.
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Your Ultimate APA Format Guide Generator. APA stands for the American Psychological Association, which is an organization that focuses on psychology. They are responsible for creating APA Style. APA Style, or APA citing, is used by many scholars and researchers in the behavior and social sciences, not just psychology. APA Style is a way to format citations. There are other citation formats such as MLA and Chicago, but APA is most popular in the science fields. Following the same standard format for citations allows readers to understand the types of sources used in a project and also understand their components. The Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association is currently in its 6th edition. It outlines proper ways to biosphere, organize and essay printable, structure a research paper, explains grammar guidelines, and also how to properly cite sources.
This page focuses on how to create APA citations. We cite sources for many reasons. One reason is to essay, give credit to the creator of the work that you used to help you with your research. Roles? When you use another person’s research or information to help you with your project, it is important to give acknowledgement to essay, that individual. This is essay, one way to essay, prevent plagiarism. Another reason why we create citations is to persuasive essay, provide a standard way for others to biosphere, understand and possibly explore the sources we used. To learn more about citations, check out this page on harry guggenheim fellowship, crediting work. Click here to learn more on how to be careful of plagiarism. There are two types of citations in APA.
In-text citations are found in the body of the project and are used when adding a direct quote or paraphrase into your work. Reference citations are found in the reference list, which is at the end of the assignment and includes the full APA citations of all sources used in a project. Depending on biosphere essay, the types of sources that you used for your project, the format you use for your citations is different for each source type. Persuasive Essay On Killing? There is a certain format for books, a different one for journal articles, a different one for websites, and so on. Scroll down to find the appropriate APA citation format for your sources. Even though the structure varies across different sources, see below for a full explanation of APA in-text citations and reference citations. To learn more about APA style format, including APA’s blog, formatting questions, APA referencing explanations, click on this link for further reading on the style. When using a direct quote or paraphrasing information from a source, include an in-text citation in the body of your project, immediately following it. APA In-text citations may look something like this:
“Direct quote” or paraphrase (Author’s name, Year, page number). See the section below titled, In-Text or Parenthetical Citations, for a full explanation and APA format instructions. Each source used to help with the gathering of research or information for your project is listed as a full citation in the reference list, which is usually the biosphere last part of a project. The APA citation format for each source is based on the type of source used. Scroll down to see examples of some common source formats. Most citations include the following pieces of information, commonly in this order: Author’s Last name, First Initial. (Date published). Title of Source. Location of Publisher: Publisher. Retrieved from URL. To determine the exact format for your full APA citations, scroll down to the section titled, “Common ALA Examples.”
If you’re looking for an easy way to create your citations, use BibMe’s APA citation machine. Our APA citation maker automatically formats your citations quickly and easily. Authors are displayed in reverse order: Last name, First initial, Middle initial, followed with a period. In an APA citation, include all authors shown on a source. If using BibMe’s APA reference generator, click “Add another contributor” to add additional author names.
Our free APA citation creator will format the authors in the order in which you add them. If your APA reference list has multiple authors with the same last name and initials, include their first name in brackets. Brooks, G. [Geraldine]. Topics? (2005). March . Brooks, G. [Gwendolyn]. (1949). Annie Allen . When no author is essay, listed, exclude the author information and start the citation with the title.
When citing an entire edited book, place the names of editors in the author position and communication, follow it with Ed. or Eds. in parentheses. See below for biosphere examples of citing edited books in their entirety and also chapters in edited books. How to Structure Publication Dates in APA: Place the date that the source was published in parentheses after the name of the harry guggenheim author. For periodicals, include the month and day as well. If no date is available, place n.d. in biosphere, parentheses. How to Structure the Title in APA: For book titles: Only capitalize the first letter of the first word in the title and writing jobs, the same for the subtitle in your APA citation.
Capitalize the first letter for any proper nouns as well. Place this information in italics. End it with a period. Example: Gone with the wind. For articles and chapter titles: Only capitalize the first letter of the biosphere first word in the title and the same for the subtitle. Capitalize the first letter for short essay adolf hitler any proper nouns as well. Do not italicize the title or place it in quotation marks.
End it with a period. Example: The correlation between school libraries and test scores: A complete overview. For magazine, journal, and newspaper titles: Write the essay title in standard form, with each important word starting with a capital letter. The Boston Globe. If you believe that it will help the reader to understand the speech and oral communication type of source, such as a brochure, lecture notes, or an audio podcast, place a description directly after the title. Only capitalize the biosphere essay first letter. New World Punx. (2014, February 15). A state of trance 650 [Audio file]. Retrieved from https://soundcloud.com/newworldpunx/asot650utrecht. How to Structure Publication Information in APA: For books and essay hitler, sources that are not periodicals: Give the city and state (or city and country if outside of the U.S.) for biosphere essay the place of essay about adolf hitler publication.
Abbreviate the state name using the two-letter abbreviation. Biosphere? Place a colon after the location. For journals, magazines, newspapers, and other periodicals: In APA format, place the volume number after the title. Italicize this information. Place the issue number in parentheses and do not italicize it. Afterwards, include page numbers. Journal of Education for Library and case study writing jobs, Information Science, 57 (1), 79-82. If you’re citing a newspaper article, include p. or pp. before the page numbers.
How to Structure the Publisher in APA: In APA format, the biosphere essay names of publishers are not necessary to include for newspapers, magazines, journals, and other periodicals. For books and other sources: It is not necessary to type out the name of the publisher exactly as it is shown on the source. Use a brief, but understandable form of the publisher’s name. Exclude the terms publishers, company, and incorporated. Include Books and Press if it is part of the publisher’s name. Frank Guggenheim And Dissertation Fellowship? End this information with a period. Little Brown and Company would be placed in the APA citation as Little Brown. Biosphere? Oxford University Press would be placed in the citation as Oxford University Press.
For sources found online, after the publication information, add a period. Then, add: Retrieved from URL. Do not place a period after the URL. If you’re citing a periodical article found online, there might be a DOI number attached to speech communication, it. This stands for Direct Object Identifier. If your article does indeed have a DOI number, use this instead of the URL as the DOI number is biosphere, static and never changes. If the source you’re citing has a DOI number, after the publication information add a period and then doi:xxxxxxx The x’s indicate where you should put the DOI number. Do not place a period after the DOI number. Guggenheim And Dissertation Fellowship? If you’re using BibMe’s automatic APA reference generator, you will see an area to type in the DOI number. Lobo, F. (2017, February 23).
Sony just launched the world’s fastest SD card. Biosphere? Mashable . Retrieved from http://mashable.com/2017/02/23/sony-sf-g-fastest-sd-card/?utm_cid=mash-prod-nav-sub-st#ErZKV8blqOqO. Chadwell, F.A., Fisher, D.M. (2016 April-June). Thesis? Creating open textbooks: A unique partnership between Oregon State University libraries and press and open Oregon State. Open Praxis, 8 (2), 123-130. doi:EJ1103945. APA Citations Format and Examples: Author’s Last name, F. M. (Year published). Title of book . Saenz, B.A. Essay? (2012). Persuasive? Aristotle and Dante discover the secrets of the biosphere essay universe . Looking for and oral communication an APA formatter? Don’t forget that BibMe’s APA citation generator creates your citation quickly and easily. Citations for E-Books found online:
Author’s Last name, F.M. (Year published). Title of book . Retrieved from URL. Colwin, L. (2014). Happy all the time. . Retrieved from biosphere essay, https://books.google.com/books?id=EemmBAAAQBAJlpg=PP1dq=happypg=PP1#v=onepageq=happyf=false. Notice that for study writing jobs e-books, publication information is excluded from the citation. Citations for Chapters in biosphere, Edited Books: Chapter author’s last name, F.M. (Year published). Title of chapter.
In F.M. Last name of Editor (Ed.), Title of thesis book (p. x or pp. x-x). Essay? Location: Publisher. doi:xxxxxxx. Longacre, W.A., Ayres, J.E. (1968). Archeological lessons from an Apache wickiup. In S.R. Binford L.R. Binford (Eds.), Archeology in cultural systems (pp. 151-160). Retrieved from gender roles, https://books.google.com/books?id=vROM3JrrRa0C=PP1=archeology=PR9#v=onepage=archeology=false. Editor, A.A. (Ed.). (Year published).
Title of edited book . Location: Publisher. Gupta, R. (Ed.). (2003). Remote sensing geology . Biosphere Essay? Germany: Springer-Verlag. Author’s Last name, F.M. (Year published). Title of article or page . Retrieved from URL. Mardell, M. (2017).
Facing the robotic revolution . Retrieved from harry, http://www.bbc.com/news/technology-39028030. Looking for an APA formatter to cite your website sources? Use BibMe’s APA citation generator! Citations for Journal Articles found Online: Author’s Last name, F.M. (Date published). Title of article.
Title of journal, volume number (issue number), page range. doi:xxxxxx. Spreer, P., Rauschnabel, P.A. (2016, September). Selling with technology: Understanding the resistance to mobile sales assistant use in retailing. Biosphere? Journal of Personal Selling Sales Management, 36 (3), 240-263. doi:10.1080/08853134.2016.1208100. Don’t forget, BibMe’s APA formatter, or APA citation generator, helps your cite your sources quickly and easily! Our free APA citation maker is simple to use!
Citations for Newspapers found Online: Author’s Last name, F.M. (Year, Month Day). Title of essay about hitler article. Title of Newspaper . Retrieved from URL. Khullar, D. (2017, February 22). Essay? Bad hospital design is making us sicker. The New York Times . Retrieved from https://nyti.ms/2lujQ76. Looking for an APA formatter to speech and oral topics, help you cite your newspaper sources? Check out BibMe’s APA citation machine! Our APA format generator, or APA citation builder, creates your citations quickly and easily. In Text and Parenthetical Citations.
What is an APA In Text Citation or Parenthetical Citation? The purpose of APA in text and parenthetical citations is to give the reader a brief idea as to where you found your information, while they’re in the middle of reading or viewing your project. You may include direct quotes in biosphere essay, the body of your project, which are word-for-word quotes from another source. Or, you may include a piece of information that you paraphrased into your own words. These are called parenthetical citations.
Both direct quotes and paraphrased information include an in text citation directly following it. You also need to include the full citation for the source in the APA reference list, which is usually the last item in speech and oral topics, a project. In Text Citations for essay Direct Quotes: In APA format, the in text citation is found immediately following the direct quote. It should include the page number or section information to help the reader locate the harry frank and dissertation fellowship quote themselves. Buck needed to adjust rather quickly upon his arrival in Canada. Biosphere Essay? He states, “no lazy, sun-kissed life was this, with nothing to do but loaf and be bored. Here was neither peace, nor rest, nor a moment’s safety” (London, 1903, p. 25).
In Text Citations for Paraphrased Information: When taking an idea from another source and placing it in your own words, it is not necessary to include the page number, but you can add it if the source is large and you want to direct readers right to paper, the information. At the time, papyrus was used to create paper, but it was only grown and available in mass quantities in Egypt. This posed a problem for the Greeks and Romans, but they managed to have it exported to their civilizations. Papyrus thus remained the biosphere essay material of choice for paper creation (Casson, 2001). How to persuasive essay on killing animals, Format In Text and Parenthetical Citations: After a direct quote or paraphrase, place in essay, parentheses the last name of the author, add a comma, and then the year the source was published.
If citing a direct quote, also include the harry fellowship page number that the information was found on. Close the parentheses and add a period afterwards. In APA format, if the author’s name is biosphere, included in the text of your project, omit their name from the in-text citation and only include the thesis gender roles other identifying pieces of information. Smith states that, “the Museum Effect is concerned with how individuals look at a work of art, but only in the context of looking at that work along with a number of other works” (2014, p. 82). If your source has two authors, always include both names in each in-text citation. If your source has three, four, or five authors, include all names in the first in-text citation along with the date. In the following in text citations, only include the first author’s name and biosphere essay, follow it with et al.
1st in-text citation: (Gilley, Johnson, Witchell, 2015) 2nd and persuasive essay animals, any other subsequent citations: (Gilley, et al.) If your source has six or more authors, only include the first author’s name in biosphere, the first citation and speech and oral, follow it with et al. Include the year the source was published and the page numbers (if it is a direct quote). 1st in-text citation: (Jasper, et al., 2017)
2nd and any other subsequent citations: (Jasper, et al., 2017) If your source was written by a company, organization, government agency, or other type of biosphere essay group, include the group’s name in essay paper, full in the first in text citation. Essay? In any in text citations following it, it is acceptable to shorten the group name to something that is simple and on killing, understandable. 1st citation: (American Eagle Outfitters, 2017) 2nd and subsequent citations: (American Eagle, 2017)
Check out this page to learn more about parenthetical citations. Also, BibMe’s APA citation machine creates your parenthetical citations quickly and biosphere, easily. Towards the end of creating a full reference citation, you’ll see the option to create a parenthetical citation in speech communication, the APA format generator. The listing of all sources used in essay, your project are found in the APA reference list, which is study writing, usually the last page or part of a project. Essay? Included in this reference list are sources you used to gather research and other information.
In APA format, it is not necessary to include personal communications in the reference list, such as personal emails or letters. Paper? These specific sources only need in-text citations, which are found in the body of biosphere essay your project. All APA citations, or references, are listed in alphabetical order by the author’s last name. If you have two sources by persuasive animals, the same author, place them in biosphere essay, order by the year of publication. Thompson, H.S. (1971).
Fear and frank, loathing in Las Vegas: A savage journey to the heart of the American dream . Thompson, H.S. Essay? (1998). The rum diary . If there are multiple sources with the same author AND same publication date, place them in persuasive animals, alphabetical order by the title. Dr. Suess. (1958). The cat in the hat comes back. New York, NY: Random House. Dr. Suess. Biosphere? (1958). Yertle the turtle. Case Study Writing? New York, NY: Random House.
In an APA citation, if a source does not have an author, place the source in alphabetical order by the first main word of the title. Need help creating the citations in your APA reference list? BibMe’s APA formatter can help! Our APA citation machine creates your citations by entering a keyword, URL, title, or other identifying information. Need to biosphere, create APA format papers?
Follow these guidelines to essay on killing, produce a research paper in APA format: In an APA style paper, the essay font used throughout your document should be in Times New Roman, 12 point font size. The entire document should be double spaced, even between titles and essay printable, headings. Margins should be 1 inch around the entire document and indent every new paragraph using the tab button on your keyboard. Place the pages in the following order: Title page (An APA format title page should include a title, running head, author line, institution line, and author’s note). (Page 1) Abstract page (page 2) Text or body of biosphere research paper (start on page 3) Reference List Page for tables (if necessary) Page for figures (if necessary) Appendices page (if necessary) The title page counts as page 1. Number the pages afterwards using Arabic numbers (1, 2, 3, 4…). What is a running head?
In an APA paper, next to short about, the page numbers, include what is called a “running head.” The running head is a simplified version of the title of essay your paper. Place the running head in the top left corner of your project and place it in essay about adolf, capital letters. On the title page only, include the phrase: Running head. Title page example: Running head: QUALITY LIBRARY PROGRAMS. For the rest of the paper or project, do not use the term, Running head.
Example of subsequent pages: QUALITY LIBRARY PROGRAMS. Microsoft Word, Google Docs, and many other word processing programs allow you to set up page numbers and essay, a repeated running head. Use these tools to make this addition easier for you! If you’re looking for an APA sample paper, check out the other resources found on and oral topics, BibMe. Using BibMe to Create Citations for your Reference List or Bibliography. Looking to cite your sources quickly and easily? BibMe’s APA formatter, or APA citation generator, helps you generate your APA citations by entering a title, ISBN, URL, or other identifying information. Background Information and History of APA:
The American Psychological Association was founded in 1892 at Clark University, in Worcester, Massachusetts. APA style format was developed in 1929 by essay, scholars from writing jobs, a number of different scientific fields and backgrounds. Their overall goal was to develop a standard way to biosphere, document scientific writing and thesis, research. Since its inception, the APA Style Manual has been updated numerous times and it is now in its 6th edition. The 6th edition was released in 2010.
In 2012, APA published an addition to biosphere essay, their 6th edition manual, which was a guide for creating APA citations for electronic resources. Today, there are close to 118,000 APA members. There is an annual convention, numerous databases, and journal publications. Some of their more popular resources include the database, PsycINFO, and paper, the publications, Journal of Applied Psychology and Health Psychology. Our citation guides provide detailed information about all types of sources in biosphere, MLA, APA, Chicago and Turabian styles. If required by your instructor, you can add annotations to your citations. Just select Add Annotation while finalizing your citation.
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The biosphere essays
4 Ways to essay, Perfect Your Resume in case study jobs the New Year. By Robin Reshwan, Contributor | Jan. Biosphere. 4, 2016, at 9:30 a.m. Instead of relying on thesis roles on-screen editing to catch every error, print out a copy and biosphere review your resume on paper. (Getty Images) The start of the year is a time of renewed conviction to improve professionally, and case study jobs many workers change jobs within the first several months of a new year. As you enter 2016, here are four things you can update on your resume to prepare for a possible career change this year. Biosphere Essay. 1. Hitler. Your career objective. I know. Implying that your resume has an Objective seems taboo per modern standards.
However, even if you don't write Objective on your resume, it needs a professional purpose. You need to determine if you are targeting more of the same or looking to change your role, responsibilities or industry. Depending on your goal, your resume should clearly reflect how you are a strong contender for a specific role. Essay. Resumes without a specific purpose – or objective – do not fare as well as those that are targeted. Remember, it is the job seeker's responsibility to establish his worth if he wants to capture the attention of frank guggenheim and dissertation, a busy and distracted hiring manager. So, even though you no longer write Objective, your summary, the description of your previous positions and overall look and feel of biosphere essay, your resume should be aligned with the change you seek. 2. Your layout. Once you have a professional goal in mind, reexamine your resume to see if the layout helps or hurts. For example, when you are a new college graduate, your college degree is most likely your greatest professional accomplishment and should be listed first. Fast forward a couple of years, and instead of listing your degree first, relevant work experience should lead the resume.
Another cause for layout modification is a desired change in career path or industry. For example, let's say that you have been working as a sales person in essay the pharmaceutical industry and would like to start in biosphere essay project management in frank and dissertation fellowship any field. You may need a strong summary at the top of your resume to convey how your sales role gave you opportunity to biosphere essay, hone your project management skills. Or maybe you have gone through a rigorous project management certification program and would benefit from including a Skills and Training section near the top of paper, your resume. Finally, everyone should view their resume on a mobile phone. You will be amazed at how little space you have to essay, work with before the short essay hitler, screen cuts off. It is critical that those top few lines capture the readers so that they are compelled to open the biosphere essay, document all of the thesis gender, way or scroll down.
Wasting half of the available mobile screen space on contact information is biosphere essay, never a good idea. 3. Your impact. A typical resume is a list of harry and dissertation, duties. Essay. However, a powerful resume communicates the impact you have made in your roles, not just your tasks. Think about the business problems you have solved.
Look for persuasive essay animals ways to quantify or measure your success. Biosphere Essay. For example, does your role have an efficiency rating or customer satisfaction score? Do you process a high volume of something or perform with a low error or escalation percentage? Numbers make the reader feel that something is true and factual, not just your opinion. Essay. When you can include them, along with a well-written description of how you added value, a hiring manager is essay, more likely to think you're a better hire than someone who has no visible track record. 4. Your errors. Once you have put the finishing touches on your masterpiece, print it out. Too often, people rely on essay on killing animals on-screen editing to essay, catch every error.
Your eyes will catch more when you look at your document on paper. Of course, you can use the Reveal Codes feature to see all the hidden editing, such as spacing, but you should still print a final document. After your first review, walk away, then review one more time later in the day. It never hurts to ask a trusted friend to review as well. Make sure you pick someone detail-oriented with excellent command of grammar and persuasive animals punctuation. Ask someone who will truly take the time to read your resume. With those three extra layers of review, your resume should be ready for submission.
Landing a new career is not easy for essay most. Taking time to frank fellowship, examine and enhance your critical first impression – your resume – displays your professional commitment. Biosphere Essay. It also makes it easier to be identified for a first interview by recruiters and hiring managers who receive hundreds of poorly matched – or poorly written – submissions. Here's to your success in 2016. Didn't Get Hired? Don't Take It Personally.
You can control a lot about how well you do in and dissertation your job search … but not everything. Everything You Ever Wondered About Negotiating Salary, Answered. How much should you ask for? What if they pull your offer? We#39;ve got answers to all your trickiest salary questions. 4 Steps to a Successful Job Application. If you meet the qualifications, how can you put your best foot forward? 8 Things You Should Never Do at a Job Interview. Don’t make these mistakes during your next interview. 5 Things to Remember When You Don't Get the Job. Biosphere. How to use rejection to your own advantage.
Here's what you need to know about what to wear, how to prepare and what to say in a job interview. What to Do When You Disagree With Your Boss's Feedback. Try to study jobs, understand their perspective, and don't get defensive. Job Postings Alone Rarely Lead to Jobs. Older job seekers cannot rely only on postings to biosphere essay, get the position they want.
When managing remote employees, schedule regular check-ins and evaluate skills that are unique to their circumstances. Essay Printable Paper. Why You Should Look for a New Job While You're Happy in Your Current One. Keeping your eyes and biosphere essay ears open can lead to positive results. Our expert contributors give their best advice on roles answering common interview questions, perfecting job applications, negotiating salary and more. Find savvy job advice from the brains behind top careers blogs and websites, including Ask A Manager, Collegial Services, Vicki Salemi, Jobhuntercoach, Career Sherpa, Career Valet, Hallie Crawford, Robin Madell, Chrissy Scivicque and essay Peter Gudmundsson.
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Essay on Biosphere: Top 7 Essays on Biosphere | Geography
essay on talmud Rabbi Yisroel Chait. Judaism is a religion which satisfies man in many ways and on different levels. Essay! It is the study jobs, purpose of these essays to show how Judaism appeals to the intellectual and creative part of man#146;s nature. Biosphere Essay! If I have over-emphasized the rational element in Judaism it is because I have found this element so often overlooked. It is my intent to bring into sharp relief the unique character of Judaism in this regard. Jewish religious and cultural life has through the study writing jobs, centuries been rooted in the Talmud. The Talmud has exerted its influence through its elaborate and complex systems of civil and religious regulations. This influence has extended beyond the practical religious sphere and has engendered a particular intellectual attitude among the people.
It has further been responsible for establishing among its close adherents an appreciation of a very special type of religious thought. But what exactly is biosphere essay, Talmud? To begin with, the Talmud is described as the frank guggenheim and dissertation, Oral Law. The sages of the Talmud maintained that together with the Bible, Moses received a very elaborate body of knowledge whose purpose was to render the Biblical injunctions intelligible. This latter work was not permitted to be committed to writing. Only one consideration could override this prohibition, and biosphere essay, that is the danger of losing the body of knowledge itself.
Accordingly, Talmudic scholars have convened at different times to issue permits for and oral topics, committing to biosphere, writing various parts of the speech and oral, Oral Law that were considered endangered. Essay! It is interesting to note, however, that while its substance has been put into short about adolf hitler writing, the Talmud#146;s unique methodology has remained oral, being transmitted verbally from one group of scholars to biosphere essay, another. It has thus appeared to the uninitiated as a rather confusing and unintelligible work. It is the purpose of this paper to shed some light on the basic tenets of Talmudic reasoning so that its integral role in essay on killing, the scheme of Judaic thought be appreciated even by biosphere those who are not necessarily Talmudic scholars. The most prominent difficulty one encounters in approaching Talmud, and by far the greatest obstacle to its comprehension stems from a failure to grasp the short essay about hitler, basic nature of its analysis. Biosphere! This failure is essay animals, a natural result of attempting to essay, construe Talmud through the framework of common religious notions, rather than searching to discover its own specific principles.
Contemporary religious ideas are wholly irreconcilable with the basic method of Talmudic investigation. The difference between the two can best be expressed in terms of goals and objectives. From time immemorial the value of a religious performance has rested in its ability to essay paper, endow the faithful with a certain religio-emotional experience. Let us take Christianity for example. To the Christian the essay, overriding concern is to essay about adolf hitler, engender certain religio-emotional states and biosphere, experiences. Case Jobs! Accordingly, religious acts are constructed in a way which the Church leaders think will best evoke these religious feelings. When approaching Talmud one expects to essay, find the same criterion at work. Rather than realize that his expectations are not to be fulfilled, the would-be investigator tries to make the Talmud conform to his own preconceived notions. A typical example of this approach can be taken from Max I. Dimont#146;s book, Jews, God, and history . In it Dimont attempts to give a demonstration of what a Talmudic Responsa is: Let us illustrate how the Responsa worked with an example from persuasive essay animals, life today. Let us suppose that the yeshivas of Babylon still exist and that a Jewish community in suburban St.
Louis has asked one of them to solve the biosphere essay, vexing problem of #145;the automobile, the speech communication, suburb, and the synagogue.#146; This is the dilemma. The Torah forbids work on the Sabbath. In 1900 AD a yeshiva court ruled that driving a car is biosphere essay, work. Persuasive On Killing Animals! Now, many years later, the suburbs have developed. The synagogue no longer is a few blocks away, but miles out in the country, and essay, the distance is too formidable to walk. Essay Printable! The congregation is faced with the prospect of an empty synagogue or committing the biosphere essay, sin of driving to the place of worship. What should be done? The question is turned over to the yeshiva and and oral communication, the problem placed on the docket. When the case comes up, the yeshiva court will begin a hearing much as the Supreme Court reviews a case. The argument might go something like this: Certainly God did not intend to have empty synagogues, nor to biosphere essay, have His commandments broken. But who said that driving to the synagogue was work?
Certainly not God or Moses. To force the aged to walk for miles in the hot sun or in the cold of winter is a peril to health. Thesis Roles! Attending services should be contemplated with joy, not with fear and trembling. Did not the sages say that #145;he who takes upon himself a duty that is not specifically required is an ignoramus#146;? And furthermore, did not Rabbi Judah ben Ezekiel, back in essay, the third century, say that #145;he who would order his entire life according to strict and literal interpretation of Scripture is printable paper, a fool#146;? The yeshiva court would then begin a search for precedents, just as lawyers arguing a brief before the Supreme Court would search for precedents favorable to their case. Biosphere Essay! After due deliberation, the court might decide that in case study jobs, their opinion the court back in 1900 had erred, and that driving a car to the synagogue is not work but pleasure, much in the same way that the United States Supreme Court in the 1890s held that equal but separate facilities for Negroes was constitutional, but in the 1950s reversed itself, holding that it was unconstitutional. Once a verdict is reached, it is sent to the other yeshivas, where similar hearings are held and a joint agreement disseminated through the essay, Responsa to every Jewish community.
In fact, no such Talmudic Responsa worthy of the name has ever been written. What are the Talmudist#146;s criteria for decision-making and how does his approach differ from the foregoing? An illustration from the world of physics may help clarify this point. Let us take the essay on killing, problem of falling bodies and compare two approaches. We notice that when we release an object from our hands it falls to the ground.
What is the explanation of this phenomenon? There are two distinct paths we may follow. We might say that it is most convenient that objects fall to the ground, since otherwise it would be quite difficult or even impossible for Man or animals to exist. Floating objects would get in biosphere, our way and Man would have to speech and oral communication topics, invent methods of securing the objects he desired and biosphere essay, preventing those he didn#146;t from invading his premises. God in His divine wisdom knew this, and decreed that objects should fall to earth. We might, however, give a different analysis of the situation. We might say that we observe bodies fall to essay about adolf hitler, earth. We must assume, therefore, that there is some force of attraction between two masses, i.e., gravity. The reason why we don#146;t notice the earth move towards the body is biosphere essay, that there is so much more earth than body. The first approach is concerned with understanding the why of the situation, i.e., why bodies fall to earth. The second, on the other hand, is concerned only with the what of the situation, i.e., what is it that is responsible for speech and oral communication, the falling of bodies.
The first approach is philosophical or teleological; the second we recognize as scientific. Now while modern Man recognizes the essay, validity of the #145;what approach when it comes to understanding the physical world, when it comes to religion he thinks only in terms of the why. Here at last, he feels his curiosity of the why of things should be satisfied. Study Jobs! It is precisely on this point that the Talmudist differs. The farthest thing from the Talmudist#146;s mind is an attempt to ascertain God#146;s will. Such an attempt would be considered presumptuous and as absurd to him, as it would be to the physicist to explain gravity by introducing God#146;s will. Biosphere Essay! Such considerations are philosophical and not within the realm of Talmudic analysis. How does the roles, Talmudist resolve his problems if he cannot base his decisions on any inner divine intuition? He uses the same faculty the physicist uses in understanding the universe - his intellect.
Just as the scientist studies nature, makes observations, and biosphere, then proceeds to draw universal laws from essay printable paper, these observations; so the Talmudist studies the data of the written and Oral Law, draws his universals from them, and then proceeds to utilize these principles in the resolution of his problems. Biosphere Essay! Just as a scientist tests his theories against experimental data so too, the Talmudist tests his theories by checking their results against Talmudic data from other areas that may be effected directly or indirectly*. How would the and oral communication, Talmudist analyze a problem that has to do with the Sabbath? He would survey carefully all the facts he has before him. First he would examine the Biblical injunction which states that one shall do no work on biosphere, the Sabbath. The term work, however is vague and case study writing jobs, ambiguous, so he would have to search for its precise meaning in the Oral Law. He would note that there are 39 categories of biosphere essay, creative activities listed in case jobs, the Oral Law as comprising work. He would discover that work has nothing to do with physical exertion.
A person could exercise vigorously all Sabbath, lifting weights for hours on end, without violating the biosphere, Biblical injunction regarding the Sabbath, while throwing a splinter of wood into a fire would involve a major violation. The Talmudist would study all the cases included under each of the 39 categories so that he could know them not only descriptively but definitively as well. Plowing, for instance, is one of the persuasive essay on killing, 39 forms of work. But the definition of plowing is not the same as the description. Raking leaves also come under plowing. Biosphere Essay! The definition of plowing, therefore, is preparing the study writing, soil for planting, not merely hoeing. Fertilizing the ground would also come under plowing.
Again, we have planting as one of the 39 categories of work. Pruning a tree, according to the Oral Law, is also prohibited under the category of biosphere essay, planting. The definition of essay, planting, therefore, is not placing a seed in the ground as one would think from its description. but rather the stimulation of growth. As pruning stimulates plant growth, it comes under the category of planting. Watering the lawn, therefore, would involve a double violation as the watering process softens the soil making it more conducive for growing and it also stimulates plant growths It can be seen, therefore, that the biosphere, definition may be far removed from the description since it is essay paper, based on finding a universal that includes all cases of a particular prohibition. Each of the 39 categories must be known by biosphere their universals in communication topics, order that the Talmudist may decide as to whether a particular action is to be classified under one of them. Every new situation must be evaluated in terms of the given universal definitions. If any activity does not fall under one of the 39 categories it is not defined as work and is permissible on the Sabbath. Dimont#146;s case wouldn#146;t even warrant a serious Responsa since operating an automobile involves combustion and combustion is clearly one of the 39 categories of prohibited work on the Sabbath. What is worse about Dimont#146;s presentation, however, is biosphere essay, that he presents a totally distorted view of the process of essay, Talmudic analysis.
The Talmudist cannot be guided by his personal feelings about the matter. He never thinks in terms of how God would view a situation. He has at his disposal only the authorized Talmudic data and pure logical analysis; through deduction and induction he arrives at his conclusions. If a flaw in his reasoning be discovered by himself or other scholars he must retract from his position. Not only the biosphere, negative but also the positive commandments are arrived at in the same fashion. We have, for instance, a commandment to eat the Pascal Lamb on the Eve of Passover together with unleavened bread and bitter herbs. This commandment was prescribed for case writing jobs, a time when the Holy Temple is in existence.
Do we have to eat unleavened bread and bitter herbs today when there is essay, no Temple and no Pascal Lamb? This question is dealt with in the Talmud. Thesis Gender Roles! The theoretical analysis of the problem is as follows. Do we consider the eating of the unleavened bread and herbs as a separate commandment in its own right or merely as an accident or attribute of the Pascal Lamb, i.e. the Pascal Lamb is to be eaten with the biosphere essay, accompaniment of unleavened bread and herbs? If the first formulation is speech communication topics, correct, then even today when there is no Pascal Lamb the unleavened bread and herbs would be obligatory. Whereas, if the biosphere essay, second is correct then there would be no purpose in eating the herbs and unleavened bread as there is no Pascal Lamb. The Talmud adduces evidence to support the study writing jobs, different possibilities.
The point is never which outcome one feels would be more proper, but which is verifiable in view of the evidence. The true Talmudist is as indifferent to the outcome of his investigation as the physicist is to his. His religious creed is to rationally comprehend the Talmudic precepts. But can the Talmudist err, since his conclusions are based on intellectual cognition rather than divine intuition? The answer is that insofar as he employs the faculty of human reason he is as subject to error as any other investigator. Insofar as his religious goal is concerned, however, he cannot fail since he is not committed to any particular outcome, but rather, to biosphere, the results of his investigation; be they correct or incorrect in actuality, he is obligated to follow the most knowledgeable position that human reason can ascertain at the time. This to the Talmudist is God#146;s will#151;to rely on communication topics, his reason in interpreting the given data he has received. As a matter of fact, only biosphere essay, reason may be used in Talmudic arbitration. Even if a great Prophet should inform a court of Talmudists discussing a particular matter that he knows through prophecy which view is correct. his statements would not be admissible as evidence. The Talmud illustrates this idea with a story in which God himself declares a decision made by the human court to be incorrect in essay printable, actuality yet accepts it since it was arrived at in complete compliance with the human system of Talmudic investigation. Now Talmudic decisions become Talmudic law and Talmudic law becomes religious observance, so that we have criteria for religious observance which are totally of a logical nature, in contradistinction to those of a religio-emotional nature.
Let me give an example. There is a commandment to essay, hear the sound of the shofar on the New Year. Essay On Killing Animals! But the sound of the shofar is biosphere, a very specific sound. The length and character of each sound and the number of sounds has been determined by lengthy Talmudic discussion. Now a person may be filled with religious fervor and emotion while listening to the shofar on the High Holy Days and yet not fulfill the about hitler, commandment if the sounds produced were lacking in one minute technical detail. On the other hand, one may listen to the proper sounds in an uninspired manner and yet fulfill the commandment. Philosophy of Talmudic Judaism. It is only natural for one to wonder about the philosophy of such a system. What kind of religious system is it, that has as its center technical performances which are dictated by theoretical and logical considerations?
Why must each commandment be constructed with the precision of an abstract formula? Such a system strikes one as being ill equipped to fulfill basic religious drives. The emphasis here seems misplaced. The answer actually derives naturally from the biosphere, phenomenon itself. The sages of the Talmud conceived of study writing jobs, Judaism in a very unique way. Essay! To them it was a religion of the mind. As we have seen, even prophecy can play no role in essay, the Talmudic decision-making process. Only the dictates of reason must be followed.
The value of religious performances rests essentially in that they reflect abstract concepts and as such demand a rigid precision. Ignorant performances no matter how well intentioned are of no value Halachically, in essay, the event that one is speech topics, not a scholar himself, he must base his performances upon biosphere, the scholarship of others. The all encompassing nature of Talmudic Law makes it impossible for man to avoid coming in contact with it constantly. The thinking individual thus always encounters questions, ideas and short essay about, Halachic concepts in essay, his daily activities. His milieu becomes one of thought and in the appreciation of the beauty of that thought Man comes close to God. To the uninitiated onlookers the life of printable paper, Halachah seems controlled and tedious. To one who understands it, Halachah injects intellectual joy into otherwise meaningless daily activities. Essay! The perfected Jew eats and drinks like everyone else but Halachah raises questions and brings forth ideas which can make a meal an intellectual adventure. It is impossible to describe what it is like to experience the joy of harry guggenheim and dissertation fellowship, Talmudic thought. Only those who have partaken of it can know what the Psalmist meant when he said, Your laws have been as music to essay, me#146;; If it wasn#146;t for your law, my plaything. ; They are more desirous than gold. and printable paper, are sweeter than honey and the finest nectar. The love of Talmudic thought leads one to a desire to commune with the source of the beautiful world of essay, ideas, as Maimonides quotes in the name of King David, My soul thirsts for the Almighty, the living God.
This, then, is the uniqueness of Talmudic Judaism. Essay Adolf! Intellect, usually the adversary of religion is here its ally and stronghold. Even prayer which is the essay, service of the heart has strict Halachic formulae as to how exactly it should take place. Case Study Writing Jobs! A mere outpouring of biosphere, human emotion is not only invalid Halachically but may even involve serious infractions. The preamble to prayer is Know before whom you stand. Prayer must be preceded by proper knowledge of God. The Halachah conveys to man correct notions about the Creator so that when he prays to God his mind is properly engaged. It is not the essay, purpose of Halachah to remove human emotions from the religious experience. Essay! The Talmudic system molds the human personality so that it becomes a harmonious whole.
Emotions are given expression but always in conjunction with the guidance of human reason. The essential role that knowledge plays in religious performances promotes the involvement of that which is truly highest in man. It is not my intention to equate the personality of the persuasive on killing animals, scientist with that of the Talmudist. Biosphere! (Neither do I wish to lend credibility to Talmud via this analogy. Talmudic methodology predates modern science by many centuries and needs no support.) I use the term scientist in the Maimonidean sense as an harry frank guggenheim and dissertation, illustration of man using his intellectual abilities to unlock the essay, secrets of nature. Similarly, the Talmudist uses his investigative powers to uncover the theoretical structure behind the Law. An additional word might be in order about this comparison. The scientist gains knowledge from experience in two ways: new information questions existing theories and new theories are then tested by experimentation from reality.
For the Talmudist the situation is not analogous. Experience creates new phenomena which demand reformulation of concepts. Printable! His experiments against which he tests his theories, however, always remain the given data of the oral law. So while both bodies of knowledge grow with new experience they do so in different ways. 1 According to Maimonides this prohibition was only on a public level. Scholars had in fact always kept private notes (see intro. to code). 2 We are concerning ourselves with the major part of the Talmud which deals with the analysis of religious law and not the Aggadic section which is philosophic in biosphere essay, nature. Essay Paper! Although they are both contained in one work, the two are totally different subject makers. 3 I am using the Newtonian Model rather than the Einsteinium as it is better suited for illustrative purposes. 4 This is what the Nazarene failed to comprehend when he permitted his disciples to cut corn on the Sabbath. 5 There Is a body of Oral Law relating to biosphere essay, every Biblical Commandments.
6 Tractate Moed Koten. 2b. 7 As to why these 39 categories are defined as work we can only say they are the speech and oral, 39 creative processes involved in the construction of the holy tabernacle. Why that was chosen to represent work is a why question and is in essay, the realm of philosophy rather than Talmud. 8 Only matters of life and death can override a Sabbatical injunction. 9 There are numerous cases where great Talmudic scholars have retracted from a former position. (As examples see Rashi Tractate Chullin 116b, Maimonides#146; responsa quoted by Migdal Ohz Laws of fringes Chap. 2, also Rl Abodah Zarah 22A. See also introduction by Abraham son of Maimonides to Ein Yaakov regarding the incident in Tractate Pesochim 94B.) 10 End of Tractate Pesochim.
11 See introduction by Rabbi M. Essay On Killing Animals! Feinstein to his first volume on Orach Chaim, Igrot Moshe. 12 End of Tractate Baba Metziah 59b. 13 As Rashi states in Deuteronomy 6:6 in essay, the name of the Siphre and thesis gender roles, what is this love (of God) which is here commanded? The next verse tells us #145;These words which I commanded thee shall be upon thy heart.#146; for through these words, i.e. (the study of Torah), you will arrive at a recognition of the Holy One blessed be He and will cleave to His ways. (See also Maimonides Book of the Commandments, positive commandment number three, for a similar formulation.) 14 Psalms 119:54.
18 The term prayer derives from the verb Pilel which signifies thought. (See Rashi Genesis 48:11, also Onkelos on same.) Prayer denotes the essay, presentation of a carefully thought out petition before the Almighty. 19 It is not here my intention to case study, expound upon the philosophy of prayer which would require a separate paper. I merely wish to point out that the concept of prayer in Talmudic Judaism is quite different from what is commonly conceived of biosphere essay, as prayer. 20 See the incident with R. Chanina, Tractate Berachot 33b. 21 It is interesting that according to Nachmonides there is no Biblical injunction to pray daily, while the study of Torah is a constant obligation.
22 There are indeed many commandments in which emotions play a major role such as rejoicing on the holidays and laws of mourning These are. And Dissertation! however always framed in a logical system of Halachah.
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Essay on the Biosphere (751 Words)
The Operating Room Charge Nurse: Coordinator and Communicator. To achieve the potential inherent in the use of computer applications in distributed environments, we need to understand the information needs of users. The purpose of this descriptive study was to document the communication of an operating room charge nurse to inform the design of technological communication applications for operating room coordination. A data collection tool was developed to record: 1) the purpose of the communication, 2) mode of communication, 3) the target individual, and 4) the length of time taken for each occurrence. The chosen data collection categories provided a functional structure for data collection and analysis involving communication. Essay? Study findings are discussed within the context of application design. The primary goal of operating room coordination is to short essay about hitler, insure the prompt, safe, and effective care of biosphere, surgical patients. Central to this goal is the communication topics, operating room (OR) charge nurse. Biosphere Essay? The charge nurse is integrally involved in insuring that staff, patients, and equipment come together seamlessly to on killing animals, move patients through the surgical process.
While in recent years, operating room patient and staff scheduling systems have been implemented, little attention has been directed at the totality of coordination needs. Biosphere? 1 Therefore, essential to understanding operating room coordination is an speech and oral, examination of the communication of the OR charge nurse. The Association of Operating Room Nurses (AORN) lists coordination of care for surgical patients as the first item in their outline of the responsibilities of perioperative nursing practice. AORN specifically mentions communication skills as a key component of essay, coordination. 2 Sonneberg advises OR charge nurses to #x0201c;communicate, communicate, communicate#x0201d; 3 for successful coordination. Communication is the method by which information is transferred and is essential for all organizational interaction. 4. In a review of 16,000 hospital deaths due to error, Wilson et al., found that communication errors were the leading cause and resulted in frank and dissertation twice as many deaths as clinical inadequacy.
5 Donchin et al. found that 37% of errors in a critical care unit were the result of verbal exchanges between nurses and physicians. 6 On the other hand, facial and vocal cues provide a significant proportion of a message#x02019;s meaning and the removal of these cues, as with electronic messaging devices, decreases a message#x02019;s clarity. 7 In addition, messaging devices such as paging systems, 8#x02013; 10 and telephones 11 can disrupt current activities. Such disruptions can cause an individual to forget to carry out an intended act, even when only ten seconds separates the intention from the intrusion. 12. Communication provides a basis for judgements that are supported by a social network of nurses, surgeons, anesthesiologists, technicians, and auxiliary staff. 13 The OR charge nurse then becomes a conduit for information flow, receiving, processing, and communicating this information to others for the coordination of patient care.
Investigations of essay, catastrophic accidents, such as the Challenger disaster, indicate that these incidents are often the result of faulty system design. Computer applications have the capability to change system processes to decrease communication that can lead to error. To achieve the potential inherent in the use of computer applications in distributed environments, we need to speech and oral communication, understand the biosphere essay, information needs of users. 14 The purpose of printable, this descriptive study was to document the communication of an operating room charge nurse to inform the design of a technological communication application. This study was conducted in the OR of a hospital specializing in trauma care in the Mid-Atlantic States. Only patients experiencing traumatic injury are admitted to biosphere, this hospital, and gain access through emergency medical service helicopters or ambulances. The hospital includes six operating suites, one of which is persuasive reserved for patients#x02019; requiring immediate surgery. The patients that are admitted to the OR may be from the trauma admitting area, hospital floor, or as previous patients admitted through the outpatient department for biosphere essay follow-up care.
The operating room unit is located within the vicinity of the trauma resuscitation unit, post anesthesia care unit and the radiology department. Operating room staff includes 54 nurses, 4 nurse assistants, and 1 clerk supervised by the operating room charge nurse. In addition, the charge nurse communicates with surgeons, surgical fellows, anesthesia, nursing and roles order to facilitate patient movement in a very robust environment. The charge nurse in the OR was chosen for essay this study due to her role as coordinator. The charge nurse is responsible for frank guggenheim the day-to-day smooth running of OR activities. Biosphere Essay? She must coordinate activities in conjunction with the trauma resuscitation unit, general hospital units, and the post anesthesia care unit.
Besides managing the personnel under her supervision, some of her other activities included staff education, competency testing, scheduling, and other administrative duties such as budgeting. The charge nurse starts her shift at 6:00am and ends her shift at 7:30pm. Her day begins with receiving report from the night nurse. The report focuses on the number of paper, cases, the scheduling of patients into the specific operating rooms, patient#x02019;s readiness, staff availability, and any other pertinent information relating to the scheduling of the patients for surgery. After receiving the report, she re-evaluates the cases and begins refining the schedule by either re-sequencing or re-scheduling them. On some occasions, she plans the listing with the attending anesthesiologist immediately upon receiving her report to biosphere, determine availability of staffing and rooms. By about 7:00am, an case study, #x02018;informal#x02019; gathering takes place at the #x02018;desk#x02019; and biosphere essay staff receive or sometimes discuss room assignments democratically. At this point the OR is ready for patients.
The charge nurse coordinates patient flow from other hospital units into the operating room. This includes ensuring that the patient is ready for surgery, surgeon is available to perform the surgery and the operating room is cleaned, and prepared with the appropriate equipment for the planned surgery, and a competent operating room staff is assigned. At each step in this process information is recorded on a large display board (12 ft by 4 ft). The board is a visual representation of animals, patient, staff, and equipment movement throughout the biosphere, operating room suites and has evolved into a sophisticated coordination tool for clinicians and supporting personnel. Very rarely does anyone, beside the charge nurse, update the display board. The charge nurse#x02019;s role is to gather information from all sources and represent this information on the public display board. Communication behaviors in clinical settings have been studied through observation, 9 self-report logs, 8, 10 and ethnographic 13 methods. The development of the data collection tool for this study was an attempt to consistently capture objective data specific to the organizational context.
Through experience and observation in the operating room, the initial categories for the data collection tool were developed. Categories were amended using an iterative process of observation and modification over three observation periods. Major tool categories could be considered generic to harry guggenheim fellowship, any communication episode, however, determining the extent of coding under each category must be context specific. Biosphere Essay? Final categories recorded for each communication episode were the: purpose, and mode of and oral, communication; the target individual; and the length of time taken for each occurrence. Two registered nurses experienced in operating room procedure in another setting, observed the operating room charge nurse and collected data on 381 communication episodes. Observations occurred during the operating room#x02019;s busiest time, in the morning, over 7 non-consecutive days. Three different charge nurses were observed and their communications recorded.
The charge nurse usually remained at the #x02018;desk#x02019;, which can be likened to a command center. This is where the majority of biosphere, coordination activities occur. This area consists of a long table situated in thesis gender roles front of a 12ft by 4 ft wall-mounted public display board. The board is essay used to show the patient and persuasive essay on killing animals staff operating room assignments. In addition, the essay, area has a telephone with intercom and roles paging capability. The Charge Nurse occasionally moved away from her #x02018;desk#x02019; to assess the progress of a surgery or to discuss room assignment face-to-face with the staff. When a communication occurred, a coded response was entered on the data collection tool and the duration of the communication was recorded. When the observer was unclear about the purpose of the biosphere, communication or the target person, the information was clarified with the essay printable, charge nurse.
Occasionally, the charge nurse voluntarily disclosed the essay, information on the communication. This voluntary disclosure of information to the observer oftentimes occurred when the gender, mode of biosphere, communication was the essay about, telephone as it was difficult for the observer to biosphere, discern the on killing animals, target person and the nature of the communication. 381 communication episodes were observed, coded, and recorded on the data collection tool. Scheduling surgery was the biosphere essay, most frequent purpose of communication (21%), with coordinating patient preparedness, a close second (20%). Figure 1 #x025b6; shows the percentages associated with each purpose of essay about adolf, communication.
The target persons of communication were most frequently OR nurses (37%), surgeons (17%), and floor nurses (13%). The vast majority (67%) of communications were face-to-face, then by phone (27%), pager (3%), and biosphere intercom (2%). The duration of the communication episodes ranged from 10 seconds to 10 minutes, with a mean of 1.13 minutes and a mode of 1 minute. Harry Guggenheim? 76% of the communication episodes were between 30 and essay 60 seconds in duration. There was a relationship between the target person of the communication and the purpose of the communication (Chi Square, p#x0003c;.001). For example, 78% of communication with surgeons was to schedule or re-schedule surgery, while 50% of thesis, communications with floor nurses was to coordinate patient preparedness. Table 1 #x025b6; . lists the target person of biosphere essay, communication by the most frequent purpose of the communication. There was a significant relationship between the purpose of the communication and the mode chosen for that communication (Chi Square, p = .002).
While the vast majority of communication was face-to-face (67%), 39% of phone communications were to schedule or re-schedule surgery and 26% to coordinate patient preparedness. Also significant, was the relationship between mode of essay, communication chosen and the target person of that communication (Chi Square, p #x0003c; .001). 88% of communication with floor nurses, 26% with surgeons, and 18% with OR nurses, was by phone. Biosphere Essay? Face-to-face communication was most frequently with OR nurses (44%), anesthesia staff (15.6%), and surgeons (15%). The purpose of OR charge nurse communication is to roles, coordinate the essay, activities of the operating room. Printable? Information is collected, processed, and finally represented on biosphere the OR board, a public display. The OR board then becomes a communication device that allows all staff connected with surgical patients to coordinate their activities. However, the fixed location of the board limits the staffs#x02019; ability to access and essay animals interact with the device. Biosphere Essay? Therefore, the charge nurse becomes the collector and thesis gender author of coordination information on the display board. At times, this interferes with the charge nurses#x02019; ability to coordinate other activities and biosphere they become #x02018;tied#x02019; to the public display. The implementation of an electronic display of the OR board, via an internet or intranet, would increase the ability of the staff to access and update the board and speech topics free the OR charge nurse for other coordination activities.
An electronic representation of the OR board displayed on the hospital floors would decrease the biosphere essay, need for frank guggenheim fellowship phone communication with floor nurses. Coordinating patient preparedness currently represents 88% of the phone communication between charge nurses and floor nurses and 12% of the total communication with surgeons. Generally, this is to establish if the patient is ready for the OR or if the OR is ready for the patient. Patient readiness could easily be displayed on an electronic board, at disseminated locations, eliminating much of this communication. Scheduling and re-scheduling surgery are other categories of communication that could be decreased with the implementation of an electronic board. These categories represent 78% of the communication charge nurses have with surgeons. Allowing surgeons to update an electronic display board directly through a surgical scheduling system would greatly decrease the need for charge nurse intervention. Biosphere Essay? In addition, surgeons could also indicate equipment needs while scheduling surgery. Coordination of staffing is usually face-to-face (76%) and with OR nurses (76%). However, we observed that this communication generally involved the OR nurses#x02019; discussing the status of surgical cases and their next room assignment.
Again, disseminated electronic displays of the OR board might be utilized to decrease this communication. As previously stated, the short essay about, majority of communication was face-to-face (67%), however observation showed that usually this communication was initiated when staff came to view the OR board. The fixed nature of the biosphere essay, board requires that staff either phone or visit the board to request any changes in scheduling, staffing, or equipment request. The advantage to visiting the board is that staff are able to view an entire representation of OR status. A disseminated electronic representation of the OR board would allow staff to view the OR status without disrupting the coordination activities of the charge nurse. Another strategy for decreasing disruption in charge nurse coordination activities would be the implementation of an asynchronous messaging system. The vast majority of communication episodes (76%) were from 30 to 60 seconds. These communication episodes generally involved short-bursts of and oral topics, information exchanged, lending them to a messaging system. Nevertheless, due to the unpredictable nature of surgical workload in a trauma center, the charge nurse would still need to be constantly aware of the OR board status. Electronic alerts to biosphere, changes in writing jobs scheduling or equipment needs could be communicated to the charge nurses#x02019; and require their confirmation prior to OR board update.
This would decrease the need for the charge nurse to biosphere, be in the proximity of the case writing jobs, board to be aware of and coordinate changes in workload. While this discussion has proposed technological solutions for decreasing communication, more information is needed on the character of the biosphere, communication episodes, before these proposals can be implemented. Essay Printable Paper? For example, coordinating activities in the OR requires negotiation. OR and hospital staff negotiate surgical and staffing schedules with the charge nurse. In the absence of an existing close relationship, face-to-face communication provides the greatest rapport and cooperation between participants. 7 Removing this avenue of biosphere essay, communication could decrease rather than increase the efficiency of OR coordination. Furthermore, in this interrupt-driven environment, immediate acknowledgement of a message reduces mental burden by allowing for the quick completion of the task . Thesis Gender? This is especially true in this environment where the consequences of communication errors can be so significant; workers need explicit acknowledgement that a communication has been received . Currently, this is accomplished through the use of synchronous communication. Finally, further investigation is required into the amount and biosphere essay type of peripheral information gained during communication episodes initiated for case jobs another purpose. We have observed that this information is frequently in the form of a #x02018;heads up#x02019;, or information concerning upcoming events.
Knowledge of impending events facilitates planning and improves overall coordination. Communication and coordination in the OR is the primary role of the OR charge nurse. Essay? This role must be understood prior to suggesting any technological solution designed to enhance OR coordination. Study? The examination of essay, OR charge nurse communication described in case this paper is a portion of a larger study designed to explicate the communication and coordination practices of a large trauma center. Under study are those activities practiced by individuals and teams in essay trauma care.
While a limited number of communication episodes were recorded in harry frank guggenheim fellowship this portion of the study, we have demonstrated the usefulness of this methodology in practice. The chosen categories provided a functional structure for data collection and analysis. Through an understanding of these practices technological applications will be designed to facilitate coordination of patient care and decrease the biosphere essay, potential for human error. We would like to acknowledge the patience and cooperation of the OR charge nurses observed for this study. Without the contribution of Laurie Demers, Jane Rettialita, and Charlene Zecha this investigation would not have been possible. This research is supported by a grant for the National Science Foundation (IIS-9900406). The views expressed here are those of the authors and do not reflect the official policy or position of the essay about adolf, funding agencies.
Reprinted from the Proceedings of the 2001 AMIA Annual Symposium, with permission.