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as prohibition essay Brown University Library. Providence, RI 02912. Yale 2014. Developed hosted by. Brown University Library. A Short Piece Of Creative. Providence, RI 02912. Yale 2014. Temperance and Prohibition Era Propaganda: A Study in Rhetoric. Beginnings: The Minister and the Physician Team Up. In 1805, Benjamin Rush, a physician from Philadelphia, wrote an essay titled The Effects of Ardent Spirits Upon Man. Rush's writing reflected the changing attitudes towards distilled alcohol at a short piece, the time, especially among the US medical community. Rush's article drew upon ideas from a century earlier; at the beginning of the eighteenth century, medical practitioners began taking a more scientific approach to yale essays, medicine. Scientists and doctors like Rush felt that the American public needed to be made aware of the dissertation health hazards inherent in alcohol consumption.

Rush's argument against the consumption of ardent spirits was not only scientific, but also moral. Essays. At the end of application letter department, his essay, Rush described the moral evils that resulted from the use of distilled spirits such as fraud, theft, uncleanliness and murder (Runes 339). Not long after Rush began writing about alcohol's detrimental effects on moral and physical health, he began a correspondence with the Boston Minister Jeremy Belknap. The physician and the minister soon became collaborators, using a mixture of scientific and moral claims in their fight against 2014 the consumption of alcoholic beverages. The teaming up of the minister and the physician is emblematic of a century of college needs, rhetoric surrounding alcohol use and abuse in America. For over a century, Americans argued for abstinence from 2014 alcohol using a combination of scientific and moral reasons. What made Rush and conclusion format, Belknap's writing compelling and yale 2014, persuasive for many Americans? Why did later propaganda continue to use Rush and Belknap's two-fold argument against thesis alcohol consumption?

In this paper I will address these questions by discussing the rhetorical methods used in yale 2014 Temperance and Prohibition Era propaganda. College Special. Anti-liquor Propaganda: A Study in Rhetoric. W. Essays. J. Rorabaugh, author of the 1979 book The Alcoholic Republic, wrote Temperance reformersflooded America with propaganda (196). Rorabaugh cited the essay American Tract Society as one example: by 1851 the Society had distributed nearly five million temperance pamphlets (196). Pamphlets and propaganda were an essential aspect of the American antiliquor crusade, from the essays 2014 Temperance Movement through the european Prohibition Era. Although these publications came in a variety of forms and styles, they all used two fundamental rhetorical techniques: logos and pathos. Logos is an appeal to logic; it includes scientific evidence, statistics, facts and other provable forms of information.

Rush's use of scientific evidence in The Effects of Ardent Spirits Upon Man is an example of logos. A subcategory of logos is ethos or credibility. Not only should facts be provable, they must also come from a trustworthy and reliable source. The second rhetorical technique employed by yale 2014 anti-liquor propaganda is pathos or appeals to emotion. The final part of Rush's essay dealing with morals and application letter for internship department, value judgments is based in pathos. Both logos and pathos played an important role in Temperance and Prohibition era propaganda, although ultimately, pathos proved to be the most widely used rhetorical method. Yale Essays 2014. Temperance and Prohibition era propaganda appealed to format, emotion through religious language, drawing upon 2014, the prevalent morals and values of the conclusion format times. Both the Temperance Movement and Prohibition Era coincided with periods of intense religious fervor in the US. These religious revivals were steeped in Puritan moral codes which in turn served as the basis for the underlying ideology of yale essays 2014, antiliquor propaganda.

Temperance, Prohibition and the Puritans: A Brief History. Widespread religious fervor was a central feature of the Temperance and Prohibition eras. In the early nineteenth century, a religious revival known as the Second Great Awakening took the nation by storm (284). As James Morone wrote in his recent book, Hellfire Nation: The Politics of essay special needs, Sin in American History, With preachers announcing that the millennium lay at hand, men and women began to essays 2014, swear off hard spirits; the yearning for perfection drew them until they were pledging total abstinence (284). Many of the original Temperance societies had religious affiliations, like the evangelical American Temperance Society which was founded in 1826.

Ten years later, at the evangelical American Temperance Society's height, one out of by barbara, every ten Americans was a member (Morone 284). Roughly a century later, in the 1910s, there was conservative religious revival in the United States. 2014. The religious movements of the Prohibition Era promoted a back to basics approach with a clear, narrow definition of format, what it meant to be a faithful, observant Christian. Yale. Protestant fundamentalists warned of the approaching millennium and the Second Coming of Christ and of creative, criticized the nation's slack morals, 'creampuff' religions and 'godless social service nonsense' (Morone 335). Fundamentalist preachers like Billy Sunday told Americans that the path to heaven ran through a literal reading of the Bible (335). Prohibition provided political backing and legitimacy for the religious revivals of the early twentieth century. While critics scoffed at 2014, the fundamentalists' stance on the coming millennium and interpretations of the bible, calling them backwards and extreme, Christian fundamentalists held their ground regarding their anti-drinking crusade. According to Morone, Prohibition offered them [fundamentalists] their one link to national authority, the one public commitment to resisting moral decay (337). The morals and values that the religious revivals of the Temperance and persuasive, Prohibition Eras promoted were steeped in 2014 Puritan ideology.

Who were the Puritans? What were their fundamental beliefs? Puritan ideology emerged as a response to the chaos of the English Reformation in the sixteenth century and seventeenth centuries. The original Puritans criticized the corruption in the Church of England and special needs, demanded a return to religious purity. Critics mocked these people, calling them Puritans, and the name stuck. The Puritans were among the original English settlers of North America; their first fleet arrived in Massachusetts in 1630. According to James Morone, No aspect of the Puritan world is more often recalled than the notion of a mission, an errand in essays 2014 the wilderness sealed by a covenant with God (35). The mission of the Early American Puritans hinged upon a short piece writing, the concepts of individual and communal responsibility. Individuals controlled their final destinies: salvation for the righteous and yale 2014, eternal damnation for persuasive the sinners, however, the Puritan covenant held the entire community responsible for sinners in this life. God would punish all, saint and essays, sinner alike, with disease, drought, famine and other misfortunes if a community did not reform its sinners. How could individuals and thesis european union, communities achieve success and yale essays 2014, salvation?

According to european, the Puritans, the answer lay in education, discipline and hard work. Puritans defined the home as the yale primary place of instruction and saw parents as the most important moral models and thesis union, instructors for children. Industriousness was a virtue with positive outcomes in this life and the afterlife. The Puritans' emphasis on the importance of hard work developed into what it commonly known as the Protestant work ethic (Morone 15). The Early American Puritan values of individual and communal salvation, hard work and the proper education of children are constant themes in Temperance and yale 2014, Prohibition Era propaganda. I found five major categories of Temperance and Prohibition Era propaganda: scientific pamphlets, religious pamphlets, posters, children's pamphlets and the fifth category, songs and poems. Using examples of these five forms of propaganda, I will discuss how Temperance and Prohibition Era propaganda used logos and pathos and why these rhetorical techniques were effective. Scientific pamphlets presented facts and logical arguments against drinking alcohol, while religious pamphlets drew directly upon Christian doctrine, often citing biblical reasons for temperance. Although the terms scientific and religious seem to translate directly in logos and pathos, both types of college special, propaganda used a mixture of rational and emotional appeals to promote abstinence from alcohol.

The scientific pamphlets claimed proven, scientific evidence and practical advice as the basis for their arguments. Titles such as Alcohol: Practical Facts for Practical People and Answers to Favorite Wet Arguments, both from the early 1900s, reinforced the idea that these pamphlets contained factual, objective truth. Essays 2014. Most pamphlets also established their ethos or credibility by citing the research and conclusions of experts, including doctors and scientists. The names of the associations distributing these pamphlets, such as the Scientific Temperance Federation of Boston, added to european union, this air of scientific credibility. Scientific pamphlets also found truth in numbers, using statistics to prove that alcohol was harmful to individuals and society. Pamphlets like The Cost of Beer (1880s) and A Way to essays, Make Money - And a Better Way (early 1900s) discussed the personal and social expenses of drinking. A Short Of Creative. First they appealed to yale, logos, using statistical evidence. These pamphlets calculated the cost of alcohol, from the price per gallon to the cost of yearly consumption in cities like New York. There is a social as well as economic concern underlying these pamphlets. For example, The Cost of Beer addressed pathos by claiming that alcohol consumption leads to noise, broils, stupidity and college, drunkenness.

The underlying message of many of the scientific pamphlets was that an yale, individual must know all the facts in order to make an informed decision. Persuasive Conclusion Format. Yet, the information provided in essays these pamphlets pointed to only one viable option: temperance. To further the idea that abstinence was obviously the one true answer, a number of scientific temperance pamphlets had rhetorical questions as titles, such as these pamphlets from the early 1900s: Do you want to be efficient? Do you want to be powerful? and Do you want a better rating? Who could say no to these questions? These titles in the form of college special needs, rhetorical questions likely piqued readers' interest, and, as in the case of The Cost of yale essays, Beer, these pamphlets intertwined logical, moral and emotional appeals. The three pamphlets Do you want to be efficient? Do you want to be powerful? and Do you want to a short of creative writing, a better rating? addressed athletes and soldiers and initially gave logical, scientific reasons for temperance. The first reason was that alcohol is unhealthy. Do you want to be efficient? quoted a noted European psychiatrist who said that Alcohol in all forms and essays 2014, doses is a poison. Reasons regarding the health problems resulting from alcohol drew upon a variety of scientific fields including psychology, human biology, neuroscience and medicine.

These reasons led to the same conclusion: alcohol interferes with mental and physical processes, hurting the body and putting the drinker at a disadvantage. A Short. For example, one of the section headings of Do you want a better rating? read Mere Physical Fitness Is Not All and yale, included the essay following quotations: Physical fitness is a farce without self-control, judgment, and discretion, which are the three qualities of mind first to be dulled by and made incompetent by the use of alcohol. - Dr. Haven Emerson One of the effects of alcohol is to interfere with the coordination of nerve and yale, muscle. Persuasive Essay. It has been repeatedly found that moderate amounts of essays 2014, alcohol interfere with skilled actions which depend on this co-ordination, such as rifle shooting and typing speed. - Dr. E. H. Derrick, M.D. Format. These quotations not only bring up the health reasons for temperance but also a second reason: abstainers are more industrious and 2014, productive. This is another form of logos which uses practical, rather than scientific, knowledge. While the scientific evidence was impressive because it drew upon information and resources that may otherwise have been inaccessible to many readers, these more practical arguments were compelling because they were familiar, appealing to a deeply-ingrained value, the Protestant work ethic. Like The Cost of on the kingsolver, Beer, these three pamphlets addressed pathos by discussing social as well as physical health, an argument which hearkened to the Puritan idea of social welfare. The pamphlet Do you want to 2014, be powerful? stated: Experiment shows that drinking but one small bottle of beer or one glass of wine may impair a man's driving capacity Practically all the hit-run fatal accidents are caused by drunken drivers, says Frank A. Goodwin, Massachusetts Registrar of Motor Vehicles. This common sense reasoning seems to be an appeal to logic: drinking interferes with one's ability to drive.

Individual safety, however, was not the primary concern. The underlying message of this quotation was to alert drivers that their drinking could have harmful effects on others. The example the quotation uses, hit-run accidents, is an appeal to pathos, because it conjures up the image of an innocent victim who is left injured while the driver speeds away. The implication is that people who drink and drive are irresponsible and hurt others, clearly disregarding the Puritan value of concern and consideration for members of one's community. Religious pamphlets used Christine Doctrine, especially references to the Bible, as the foundation for their argument against alcohol consumption. Thesis. Pamphlets like The Holy Bible and Drink and Christian Temperance Catechism (both from the early 1900s) quoted passages from the bible that warned against the evils of drinking. Directly quoting the bible was taken from the Puritan tradition where emphasis is nearly always on the Bible, which they [the Puritans] saw in yale sharp contrast to tradition and to merely human ideas and conclusion, usages (Emerson 46).

The Holy Bible and Drink presented twenty frequently asked questions about alcohol consumption from What about 'one will not hurt you'? to What about drunkards being saved? (2) and a list of pro-temperance answers in the form of quotations from the essays bible. Christian Temperance Catechism took a more step by thesis european union step approach, using a series of questions and answers which drew on Christian Doctrine and sometimes included quotations from the scriptures. It began with the simplest and most innocuous seeming question and answer: What is temperance? The proper control of appetite (1). The questions and essays 2014, answers become more specific and emotionally charged throughout the pamphlet, ending with question and answers like How can we work successfully against intemperance? By learning and by showing others how the letter use of intoxicants ruins soul and 2014, body (8).

Although these pamphlets followed a logos structure with logical arguments citing evidence from an established source, i.e. the bible, their underlying messages appealed to pathos. For example, Christian Temperance Catechism mentioned alcohol as a major source of thesis european union, suffering in society, both spiritual and physical. According to this pamphlet, American society suffered more from intemperance than all other forms of sin and claimed alcohol was a poison and the cause of three fourths of 2014, all of the disease and on the trees by barbara, proverty [sic] and yale essays, sorrow and conclusion, crime in our land (2). Not all Religious pamphlets utilized a logos format to yale essays, fight temperance. The early twentieth century pamphlet Don't Unwittingly Join The Enemy's Forces is a clear appeal to pathos. Taken from an address given by Bishop Nicholson of the Methodist Episcopal Church, this pamphlet draws upon the Puritan tradition of preaching. The Puritans placed great emphasis on preaching and most insisted that 'human authorities' have no place in sermons (Emerson 45).

Religious leaders supporting the Temperance movement, like Bishop Nicholson, saw the fight against intemperance as a crusade, literally a holy war. The authority justifying and supporting this fight was not mere human beings, but God. In his address Bishop Nicholson appealed to deeply held American values and Puritan morals, describing intemperance as a threat to democracy and morality. A Short Piece Writing. Nicholson, like many Temperance leaders, described the yale struggle against liquor as a second American revolution; first Americans freed themselves from the British, now they must free themselves from alcohol. This argument drew upon the American value of liberty and Puritan morals concerning individual and communal responsibility and salvation. As in a crusade, there was a clearly defined enemy in Nicholson's address. Nicholson not only criticized his opposition, the wets or anti-Temperance supporters, he vilified them.

Nicholson inspired pathos by describing those who protested temperance as hateful, unprincipled and essay special needs, criminal men with unworthy motives. Essays. His argument was passionate and dom reviews, urgent. Not only was the fight against intemperance the yale greatest struggle since the essay conclusion Civil War for the effectuation of Democracy (2), it was a life and death struggle with the yale essays greatest single evil of the agesthe most unprincipled, the most unscrupulous, and the most Satanic forces possible to conceive (5). Following in the tradition of Puritan preaching, Nicholson explained that the fight against intemperance was not merely a human endeavor, but God's mission: God expects every man and every woman to do his or her duty (5) He conflated divine and earthly aspirations, saying that people can take part in God's mission by thesis voting against pro-liquor legislation. Yale 2014. Nicholson then took his appeal to european union, pathos a step further, claiming that those who do not actively fight intemperance were supporting the enemy, (hence the title of the pamphlet Don't Unwittingly Join the Enemy's Forces) and therefore neglecting their responsibilities as American Patriots and Christians. He criticized voter apathy, describing those who do not vote as criminal and unpatriotic (5), because by not voting these people were effectively giving their vote to the enemy.

Although some religious pamphlets did contain appeals to logos in their structure or actual arguments, the overarching rhetorical technique in this form of propaganda was pathos. Religious pamphlets evoked emotional responses by appealing to people's deeply held religious values and patriotic sentiments. (All posters mentioned in essays this section are from 1913) In many ways, Temperance and Prohibition Era posters offered a condensed version of the application letter in it department scientific and religious pamphlets, presenting their most striking and compelling arguments through images and sound bytes. Many of the posters took the Benjamin Rush approach, showing scientific and logical evidence to prove that alcohol consumption was detrimental to essays 2014, both body and soul. Many posters referred to trees kingsolver, scientific studies and statistical information, citing medical and scientific experts for ethos. Like the yale essays 2014 titles of scientific pamphlets (ex.

Alcohol: Practical Facts for Practical People), the headings of the posters purported indisputable information. Poster headings like Deaths, Defect, Dwarfings in the Young of Alcoholized Guinea Pigs, Death Rate From Various Diseases in college needs Drinkers and General Class and Insurance Records Show that Drink Shortens Life 11% with their graphs and charts hardly seem debatable. Despite their scientific and factual claims, many of the underlying messages of these posters were steeped in essays 2014 Puritan morality and essay, appeals to pathos. Temperance Era posters hinted both at yale essays 2014, the importance of responsible parenting and piece writing, the Protestant work ethic, both deeply held Puritan values. Yale Essays. A number of posters described how children of alcoholic parents suffered developmentally, both physically and emotionally, citing statistics and scientific studies as proof. Some described how parents who drink have a higher rate of defective children: Defective Children Increased with Alcoholization of Fathers, Drinkers' Children Developed More Slowly, Hand in Hand: Feeblemindedness and application letter in it department, Alcoholism: More alcoholism found in parents of Feebleminded than those of Normal Children and Child Death Rate Higher in Drinkers' Families. Essays 2014. Others depicted the psychological problems drinking caused children: Drink the college essay special Largest Cause of Unhappy Homes in Chicago, Children in Misery, Parent's Drink to Blame in at yale essays, Least Three Cases Out of Every Four and Drink Burdens Childhood. Temperance and Prohibition Era posters described alcohol as the source of bean trees by barbara kingsolver, society's individual and social problems. Yale Essays 2014. Alcohol was the cause of laziness, inability to concentrate and other impediments to the ideals of success and the Protestant work ethic as noted in the posters: Drink Impaired Scholarship, The Better Chances of the Sober Workman, Alcohol Impairs Muscle Work and Daily Drinking Impaired Memory. Like the scientific pamphlets, these posters used charts, percentages, results from studies and quotations from scientific and medical experts. Still other posters were more explicitly moralizing, like the following poster which drew upon the Puritan value of care for others: DRINK MAKES ONE MORE LIABLE TO ACCIDENT.

WHAT THE ACCIDENT INSURANCE COMPANY SAYS: A man whose nerves have been made unsteady by a recent debauch or by the habitual use of special, alcohol, should not be permitted to yale essays, operate dangerous machinery or to carry on dangerous work. He endangers not only his own life, but the essays on the trees by barbara kingsolver lives of others. 2014. The last line, He endangers not only his own life, but the lives of others, is italicized, the implication being that individuals must care about the welfare of their fellow human beings. A number of Temperance and Prohibition Era posters, like a number of the on the bean trees by barbara religious pamphlets, used a logos format to make a pathos appeal. These posters contained graphs and statistical information, presenting moral claims as factual information, such as Alcoholism and Degeneracy, Intemperance as a Cause of Poverty Greatly Reduced Since Prohibition and yale, Drink A Great Cause of Immorality. The poster Drink A Great Cause of Immorality showed the results of a study of 865 Immoral Inebriate Women, claiming that 40% of their immorality was due solely to drink, including as evidence a statement by a medical expert: There is essay conclusion no apparent reason why any of the yale 2014 personsshould have become immoral but for college special preceding alcoholism. Intemperance as a Cause of Poverty Greatly Reduced Since Prohibition presented a graph that tracked the essays 2014 drop in a short piece of creative writing poverty as a result of yale essays, increased temperance, therefore conflating intemperance and immoral behavior with greater social ills like poverty. Posters are a powerful form of propaganda; their succinct and striking messages create a sense of urgency. In a poster, complex and extensive information must be condensed into a few words and of creative, images. Essays 2014. Temperance and Prohibition Era posters did just this, using startling information and making emotional appeals to Americans' most deeply held morals and values.

A significant amount of needs, Temperance and Prohibition Era propaganda was targeted towards children. Since logical and scientific arguments may not have made sense to young children, the main rhetorical technique in children's pamphlets was pathos. This form of anti-liquor propaganda related children's emotional responses and experiences to moral issues. The large quantity of temperance pamphlets targeted towards children was likely a result of Puritan ideology. 2014. According to the Puritans, children's moral education began at home; as the Puritan minister and saint Richard Greenham, wrote in his essay Of the good education of children: If parents would have their children blessed at church and a short writing, school, let them beware they give their children no corrupt examples at home by any carelessness, profaneness or ungodliness. Otherwise, parents will do them more harm at home than both pastors and schoolmasters can do them good abroad. (Emerson 152) Although these pamphlets are written for children, it is probable that they are also targeting parents. A central theme in many children's pamphlets is the role of parents in promoting temperance and how a child should react if his/her parent is intemperate. Children's pamphlets generally began with an illustration and a story about yale essays 2014 a child or an animal whose experiences served as a subtle or direct warning against intemperance. Persuasive Essay Format. The next section would usually contain a poem, dialogue or mini-story which reinforced the ideas presented in the first story. Many of yale 2014, these pamphlets also ended with advice, telling children to abstain from alcohol and to join the temperance crusade.

Two examples of children's pamphlets are Grandmother's boy (1880s) and Look out for the trap! (1870s) The cover story of Grandmother's boy deals directly with Puritan values concerning salvation and good parenting. Thesis. In the pamphlet's opening story, a little boy who has been raised by his pro-temperance grandmother pays his father a visit. The father is a wealthy, educated man who is enjoying a bottle of wine with his friends. The son, who has taken the temperance pledge, embarrasses his father, asking him why he is drinking alcohol, and then says: 'If I'd known you drinked such stuff, I shouldn't wanted to come and see you. It makes folks drunkards, and makes them so wicked they can't go to heaven (3-4).' The child's reaction to yale essays, his father's drinking appeals to pathos, especially fear, in two ways. First, it plays upon parents' fear that their children will lose respect for them and not want to spend time with them. Second, his statement refers to the Puritan idea that sinners who do not reform cannot be saved, a warning which uses intimidation to encourage self-improvement. Thesis European Union. The following section in the pamphlet Grandmother's boy is a poem titled Johnny's Soliloquy, which expresses the messages of the first story even more explicitly. The poem encourages children to serve as models to essays 2014, their parents, as in the phrase, The boy is father to the man (3) which is repeated throughout the poem.

By taking the temperance pledge of total abstinence from alcohol and encouraging their parents to do so, children modeled the Puritan ideal of saving oneself and others. The last two paragraphs of the Grandmother's Boy titled Stand Firm! make a stirring call to arms. Describing temperance as the way of truth and right (4), this section of the pamphlet reads like an excerpt from a passionate sermon. It draws upon the crusade concept, telling the reader that God will help us and that the struggle against letter department temptation is a fight children can and must win. The children's pamphlet Look out for the trap! also warns against the dangers of temptation. This pamphlet begins with a picture and story of two squirrels. Yale. As in an Aesop's fable, the two squirrels come into trouble as a result of their own foolishness - both fell prey to temptation - and there is a moral at the end of the story: Children, avoid temptation. Always be sure there is no trap beyond (2). In this story the trap beyond is set by Charlie Wood, who tempts the squirrels into his home with good food. Once Charlie slams the door shut, the letter for internship in it department squirrels realize that they were no longer their own masters (2). Charlie's imprisonment of the essays 2014 squirrels is analogous to, as temperance supporters would have put it, a drunkard's enslavement to drink.

The story of the essays on the trees by barbara two squirrels ends with an yale, anecdote. The narrator switches from third person omniscient to a more conversational, first person, telling the reader he saw a young boy give in to temptation. Worst of all, the writing one who tempted him was his mother. This final appeal to pathos is yale essays meant to shock both children and parents and to show children that even though their parents may have the best intentions, those intentions may be wrong and special needs, harmful. The second part of yale essays 2014, Look out for the trap! is a short story titled Why Joseph Signed the Pledge.

The story draws upon a common theme in Temperance propaganda: a child living in poverty whose father is dom reviews a drunkard and therefore cannot provide for yale his family. The story evokes a great deal of pity for application for internship Joseph, the essays protagonist, who is taunted by a wealthier classmate. Oh! You needn't feel so big says the classmate, your folks are poor and your father is dom reviews a drunkard (3). The story describes the Puritan ideal of redemption through self-improvement and helping others. Joseph's mother reminds him to depend upon his own energies, trust in God and remember that he is responsible only for his own faults (4). Joseph remembers his mother's advice and, through his hard work and determination achieves the epitome of the essays Protestant work ethic, becoming a useful and respected man. He follows the Puritan value of individual and communal improvement by helping his father become a sober man and 'respected by special other folks' (4).

The boy who taunted Joseph in school, however, lives to see his wealthy father become poor and yale, a drunkard. Joseph's story concludes with a piece of piece writing, advice: Boys, never twit another for what he can not help (4). The moral of the story is a direct reference to 2014, the gold rule (i.e. Do unto others as you would have them do unto you) and appeals to human compassion, kindness and application in it department, respect. Grandmother's boy, Look out for yale 2014 the trap and dissertation, many other children's pamphlets present a dilemma whose solution is temperance. The dilemma is an 2014, extreme situation, often of pain, suffering or another intense emotion which must be immediately and directly addressed. Abstinence from alcohol is always the happy ending - as soon as the characters in the story swear off spirits they become successful, happy and achieve salvation. In Hellfire Nation, James Morone discusses one of America's earliest anthems, the jeremiad. Dating back to piece of creative writing, the seventeenth century, the jeremiad was a lament that the people have fallen into sinful ways and essays, face ruin unless they swiftly reform (14).

The jeremiad described specific crimes which had invoked God's wrath, scolding Americans for their moral degeneracy, and reminding people of their mission with an immodest goal: redeem the world (Morone 42, 45). The poems and songs of the Temperance and Prohibition Eras were direct descendants of the jeremiad. Like the jeremiad, these poems and songs defined a specific problem, intemperance, its ruinous effects on both individual and society, and the need for personal and communal responsibility and essay needs, reform. Three central themes in Temperance era songs and poetry were the yale essays 2014 drunkard's story, the crusade and temperance as a form of liberty. Although their themes were similar to other Temperance and Prohibition Era propaganda, songs and poems had a distinct style and structure. Unlike scientific and religious pamphlets, posters, and format, children's pamphlets, which used text and images, songs and poems formed part of an oral tradition. While a reader can always re-read a complex argument or refer to yale 2014, a new fact or statistic in a short piece of creative writing a text, a listener cannot re-hear a song or poem. As a result, the songs and poems are more repetitive and direct, drawing upon common themes and yale, widely accepted ideas rather than introducing new information.

Like children's pamphlets, Temperance and Prohibition Era songs and poems use pathos more or less exclusively. Many songs and poems speak specifically to the plight of drunkards, both as an example of the dangers of intemperance and to encourage people to join the temperance crusade. Religious references are especially prevalent: alcohol is described as an evil temptation and the devil's agent. Drunkards are those who have fallen from grace; they have lost control of essay, their lives and sunk to yale 2014, ruin and damnation. According to these poems and songs, alcohol is to blame for most of society's ills. Once complete abstinence is achieved, prisons will empty, crime will cease, humanity will be saved and the kingdom of heaven will reign on earth. The poems The Curse of Rum (1800s) and dissertation, The Face Upon the Floor (early 1900s) and yale essays, the song The Drunkard's Fall (early 1900s) depict the dangers of drinking and the plight of the drunkard. The Curse of Rum draws upon common religious themes in needs order to demonize alcohol. Yale 2014. The poem describes rum as the serpent from the Garden of dissertation dom reviews, Eden, a soul destroyer (1) that has destroyed the paradise of the home by bringing disease and 2014, sin into society. The underlying message in these songs and college needs, poems is not to take the first drink, because once people begin, they lose control and cannot stop.

According to The Face Upon the Floor and yale, The Drunkard's Fall, even the most successful and promising individuals can fall prey to letter for internship, alcohol's evils once they take their first drink. The Face Upon the Floor depicts a penniless, filthy, wretched drunkard who wanders into a bar and tells a group of yale 2014, young men his story, from wealth, good looks and thesis european union, a loving wife to how drinking led him to current state, and then falls to the floor dead. The Drunkard's Fall, whose subtitle reads a warning for all college men wherein is declared how a Yale man was fired yesterday for over-cutting describes how even the best and the brightest fall to ruin once they take to essays, drinking. As the refrain states: He was a Yale man, but he done all wrong. The young man becomes apathetic, lazy and eventually goes insane from drinking. Neither he nor the drunkard in The Face Upon The Floor can achieve the goals of the Protestant work ethic or reach spiritual salvation. Their alcohol abuse has taken away their capabilities for productivity and success, both on earth and in the world to come. Songs and poetry make more direct appeals to pathos than other types of temperance propaganda because of their oversimplification and use of hyperbole. Oftentimes the title of a song or poem is enough to evoke a strong emotional response, as in the case of the song title Father's a Drunkard and Mother is Dead (1866). A Short Piece. Song and yale 2014, poem titles may give a clear warning or command, like the essay conclusion format songs Girls, Wait For A Temperance Man (1867) and Help The Fallen Brother (mid to essays, late 1800s).

The first song is persuasive conclusion a reference to the Puritan ideal of good parenting and yale, addresses both children's' and parents' fears that children will not be taken care of and even abandoned. Help The Fallen Brother is a clear appeal to compassion and the Puritan idea that everyone must be reformed in order for a community to achieve success and salvation. The solution to letter for internship in it department, these individual and social ills, as mentioned in other types of Temperance Propaganda, was the crusade. The first verse and chorus of the Anti-Saloon Battle Hymn (1907) for example, provides a rousing call to arms: The might are gathering for 2014 conflict; / The right is essay needs arrayed against wrong; / The hosts of the righteous are singing, / And this is the voice of 2014, their song: Cho. The Saloon, it must go! Do you hear us?/ Repeat it again and again. They strive to make millions of money;/ We strive to save hundreds of men! As in Bishop Nicholson's address, the enemy, in persuasive essay conclusion format this case the saloon, is clearly defined and its motives are proclaimed immoral and unjust. The battle hymn describes the saloon as an essays, awful, unspeakable monster and asks God to free the people of the United states from its shackles. Metaphors of slavery and liberation and their relationship to application letter in it department, the temperance crusade are a significant aspect of Temperance era songs and poetry.

The song Emancipation (1914) speaks of America as a nation with True liberty so grand,/ that makes men free and alcohol as a monster that enslaves Americans. The song conflates the crusade's mission with Puritan ideals of personal and yale essays 2014, communal salvation, ending with the stanza: This is the hope of all / To see the persuasive conclusion format traffic fall, / And not one slave. Then wave from sea to sea, / By union temperance plea, / Old Glory's jubilee, / Our nation free! Even the yale essays most convincing anti-temperance supporter would have been hard pressed to refute the stanza above. It makes a powerful appeal to pathos, addressing many Americans' pride in their freedom and faith. How could anyone question such fundamental beliefs? And, if anyone did, who would listen? Despite Benjamin Rush's efforts, his widely circulated warnings had little influence upon the consumption of dissertation dom reviews, alcohol (Rorabaugh 187). In fact, alcohol consumption actually rose during Rush's anti-liquor crusade and did not begin to decrease until the early 1830s (Rorabaugh 187). Essays 2014. W.J.

Rorabaugh explains in The Alcoholic Republic that historians are still unsure as to why Rush's anti-liquor crusade failed while later temperance efforts had great success (187). I propose that the answer lies in the rhetoric. Benjamin Rush took a logos approach to promoting temperance, noting the harmful physiological effects of alcohol. He did not appeal to pathos until the end of The Effect of Ardent Spirits Upon Man, when he described the moral depravity and essay special needs, social ills caused by alcohol consumption. Yale Essays 2014. Rush's use of pathos may have been too little too late. The weakness of using a logical argument is that it can be refuted, either with other logical explanations, new information or emotional appeals. It is harder to question people's emotions and deeply held morals and values. To do so would not only be considered offensive, it would also be futile. As I wrote earlier, how could anyone question such fundamental beliefs? And, if anyone did, who would listen?

Temperance and Prohibition Era propaganda were founded on pathos. Although a number of format, pamphlets drew upon both logos and pathos, many forms of propaganda, including children's pamphlets, songs and poems, used only emotional appeals. Temperance and 2014, Prohibition Era propaganda appealed to a short piece of creative writing, deeply held beliefs, based upon Puritan ideology and all-American values. While Rush's more scientific arguments could be disputed or ignored, most Americans would not question the importance of God, hard work, personal and communal salvation and freedom. Alcohol Impairs Muscle Work. Boston, MA and Westerville, Ohio: Scientific Temperance Federation and American Issue Publishing Company, 1913.

Alcohol, Temperance and Prohibition: A Brown University Library Digital Collection. Written in partial fulfillment of requirements for yale essays UC 116: Drug and Alcohol Addiction in the American Consciousness (Professor David Lewis Fall 2004)

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mcad resume January 30, 2017 firm: open to jobs w/in 100mi of 53207. Support java builds/Software Development Life Cycle and Software Configuration management under Subversion (svn), Linux RHEL, and yale Atlassian: Bamboo, Confluence (and Jira: at jr level). Essays Kingsolver. Provide best practice advice on essays 2014, SCM and UNIX server administration. Write and dissertation dom reviews maintain support scripts in essays 2014, bash shell, perl, ant and thesis union python. strong in shell scripting, perl scripting. strong UNIX and Windows OS system administration skills. skilled w/several hundred UNIX and GNU tools. support and administration for Subversion (svn), TFS, Telelogic Change, and yale essays Telelogic Synergy (SCM) experience configuring/deploying: DNS (bind/named), NFS, NIS, ssh/sshd, apache, jira, SMTP, sendmail, confluence, bamboo, NTP, procmail, spamassassin, exim.

TCP/IP networking administration and debugging. awk, sed, make, m4, cron, tcl/tclsh, expect, rsync, find, egrep, mercurial (hg), rcs, SCCS, xargs, diff, dd, vi, vim, HTML, Centos/RHEL, L A T E X, Cygwin. Atlassian tools: Confluence, Jira, Bamboo. Intel server hardware troubleshooting and builds; DAT, LTO tapedrives. some experience with Electric Commander, C, Informix, PL/SQL queries, SAN, LDAP, RAID, CGI, autom4te, CIFS, Samba, curses, CSS, Tivolii backup, wiki markup, YAML, XML, Virtualbox, VMware, Pascal and on the by barbara Fortran. Consulting with Ringlead.com, as a perl software developer supporting 3 legacy Salesforce related web applications; bug fixing; enhancements; implementing perl best practices; used git; developed 'git, bash, and make' based deployment process; did all upgrades and yale releases; level 3 application support, was backup and consultant for RHEL 5 and 7 infrastructure/Linux system administration for several cloud VMs - both production and developement. Bash and perl scripting for java build and deploy automation under Linux RHEL 6, on european, an Agile Scrum team.

Responsible for: production, stage, and test java ant builds: manual and 2014 CI builds w/cruisecontrol; scm support (merges/branching), and builds for 16 applications, including one enterprise web app w/over 2100 java source files and 50 components. Responsible for/maintained ant build scripts; routinely troubleshot java build problems, wrote various perl and bash scripts: to piece writing, start and log builds; analyze failed builds; to essays, automate in depth missing class searches; ear compares. DataCenter Migration: I was a co-member of 2 person team supporting, and a short piece migrating Jira, Confluence, Bamboo, and Crowd from 2014 Walgreens datacenter to college essay special needs, CatalystRX datacenter. Recommended specs for VM Xeon hardware for jira, confluence, bamboo, crowd Linux servers. Experienced in essays, initial setup and migration of thesis union, Atlassian tools under RHEL Linux - Jira, Confluence, Bamboo, Collabnet Subversion, Fisheye and Crowd. svn repository admin: monitor commits for yale essays standards compliance; scripted and scheduled daily svnadmin repo-verify checks; automated project structure checks; wrote svn client shell functions to simplify administration; coded python script for application letter in it department controlled svn branching and tagging. Essays 2014. Owner of application, wiki-published java-project filesystem layout standard. Yale 2014. Goto person for essay needs svn client commands and configuration, and yale UNIX scripting; posted svn help articles to Confluence wiki. Coded GNU make framework for application letter for internship department deployment packages, continuous integration, and yale test installs of UNIX PL/SQL applications with sub-modules having C++, Oracle SQT targets, a variety of scripts, and a short piece of creative config files. Used standard and custom GNU make: functions, and pattern rules; also: rule chaining, limited scope pattern rules, and yale essays make conditionals. Targets: continuous integration, package (archive products), install, clean, and distclean.

Implemented automatic C++ make dependency checking. Perl macro filter written to build variety of custom config files from templates. Legacy support for 4000 line production perl DBI queue manager daemon: analyzed and european documented code w/text outline and activity diagram; troubleshot several bugs, and coded fixes that went into production. Responsible for production and QC java ant builds using Atlassian Bamboo build plans, and for supporting production AIX Websphere deploys. Assist with Postgresql backup scripts re-design. Yale. Study RHEL ISCSI, GFS, and CLVM - began ISCSI setup running Centos under SUN Virtualbox. In the IT for electronic manufactured devices group, deployed and supported Software Configuration Management server applications (code revision control and project baselining), including problem tracking; setup and essay conclusion format maintained build servers for 2014 international software engineering of conclusion format, Building Efficiency products. Responsible for: Software Configuration Management (code change management and yale 2014 project baselines), software problem tracking, and ECAD electrical engineering services ( 1989-98) for entire division; system administration for dissertation dom reviews HPUX servers, various UNIX servers, and essays Windows servers in world wide locations, w/several hundred engineers as end users. Writing shell scripts since 1989, perl scripting and essays by barbara kingsolver regular expressions since 1995, lead for 2014 GNU Cygwin deployment (UNIX on Windows) since 1997. Software Configuration Management.

Became project lead for bean by barbara kingsolver legacy in-house developed SCCS/C based UNIX SCM and build farm, updating to yale essays, Y2K compliant OS. Sole responsibility for this SCM and persuasive conclusion it's build servers for duration of yale 2014, position. Piece Of Creative Writing. Responsible for released code, maintaining archives 7 years beyond last sales. Assisted in yale 2014, migration from legacy SCM and build platform to of creative writing, Rational Synergy. Yale Essays. From 2005, sole owner/maintainer of production- compiler build engine servers, and SCM Informix database server configuration. Lead maintainer of a suite of build scripts, and another suite of build-manager and developer SCM scripts.

Designed, wrote and deployed dozens of production scripts for SCM and system administration. For early production and many legacy servers, was responsible for persuasive essay format both software and hardware. Yale Essays 2014. By year 2000 production servers moved into controlled data center environment. Dissertation. Skilled at yale 2014 monitoring dozens of thesis european, server and application logs, with goal of base-lining normal conditions and yale 2014 resolving problems early. Responsible for new user policy, and piece of creative writing the resolution of end user SCM issues raised by developers and build managers. SCM Informix database integrity checks were run and validated daily; server application and OS logs filtered and checked regularly. High uptime achieved. 2014. Thorough postmortems for any unplanned downtime.

Always a key contributer, and in 2005 promoted to primary role: planning work-steps, and essays bean trees kingsolver executing upgrades/cut-overs for SCM and problem tracking software and hardware. Since 2005 primary role opening and managing upstream trouble cases. Yale. Since 2004 took major role reviewing application upgrade release notes. Was lead on application patches. Thesis European Union. Implemented software engineering's periodic problem tracking server life-cycle updates. Created project plan for essays major successful SCM software deployment done by contractors in persuasive conclusion format, India. Served numerous remotes sites for yale essays 2014 the entire Building Efficiency Division of union, Johnson Controls with SCM services. Created and maintained hundreds of yale 2014, production shell or perl scripts for system administration. Administered servers responsible for services and achieved high availability, security, and uptime.

Tools used: LDAP, Active Directory/various DACLs, Mail servers (sendmail), file servers (NTFS/CIFS on a short piece of creative writing, SAN, NFS). Scripted large 40+GB database conversions for yale 2014 Synergy SCM upgrades. Global server coordination in multiple continents serving geographically distributed clients. Wrote and deployed trip wire style script to monitor OS directories, logging changes, to maintain server security and stability. Did local-disk vs SAN time-bottleneck file system performance-benchmarking analysis writing shell and essays on the perl scripts to essays, run tests, graphically plotting data, resulting in SAN configuration changes cutting database backup time by up to 20%. Lead support Engineer for dom reviews Computer Aided Electrical Engineering (ECAD) applications - schematic capture, simulation, and board layout in the Johnson Controls production environment. Yale 2014. ProE MCAD application support. Tested updates on european union, development server, made stepwise changes, with back-out plans. Used and yale supported Open Source tools. Wrote code that is on the trees kingsolver well commented, tested, self logging, and essays 2014 configurable.

Administrator for european union HPUX 10.20, 90s era SUN OS, Windows NT server, Windows 2000 server, and Windows 2003 server. Take pride in ownership of servers - get to essays 2014, know them, their logs, their specs, their performance. Experienced in essay, disaster recovery planning and 2014 drills. Built automatic system monitoring scheme, that emails pass/fail scheduled-job status reports and alerts for problems. Skilled in: collaborative troubleshooting, creating bug reports/minimal test cases for developers, solving problems via IM, email to vendors; intelligent posts to mailing lists or Usenet. For years supported fortune 100 engineer end users, local, and worldwide; supported and a short piece writing set up remote production servers in Europe, India, Italy, and in the US. Remote support done mainly via ssh; otherwise through RDP, HP ILO, and 2014 X windows. Estimated literal elapsed hours/focused-work hour totals:

Units below are wall clock hours of focused work, or study where noted. None are credit hours. Small numbers mean beginner level. shell (bash, sh, ksh): 11000+, bash since 1995. GNU/Linux, misc GNU tools: 10000+ Linux/UNIX System Administration: 2720 (since 1988; Linux since 1996) Software Configuration Management (SCM): 4000+ yum, rpm: 320+ (as end user) svn (Subversion [CollabNet/Linux;cygwin]): 1900+ ElectricCommander: 30 m4: 400+ jira: 210+ confluence: 200+ rsync: 110. cygwin: 350+ apache: 45 PL/SQL queries: 40 MYSQL, SQL self study: 28 tomcat: 10 XML: 30 bamboo: 70 cruise control: 20 crowd: 20 fisheye: 10 vim: 7000+ emacs: 100 AIX system admin: 60+ HPUX system admin: 200 posting questions to Usenet: 300+ HTML: 35 jetty: 20 NFS: 220.

iptables: 40 xen: 3 git: 2.25 vmware: 5 LDAP queries: 25 PostgreSQL: 20 openmake meister: 25 UNIX System Internals, posix: 45 (book-study) Data Structures Algorithms: 4 (book-study) msys: 25 exim: 25 Java Ant Build Deploy: 1900 websphere: minimal. Release Coordination/Management: none perl XML modules: 0.5 perl CGI: 5 perl creating Object Oriented code: 3 maven study: 6 markdown: 12 pandoc: 7 gnome (as end user): 15. Following the application letter in it GNU Cygwin project since 1996. Periodically ran pre and post release tests, identifying problems that were fixed by the Cygwin developers in essays 2014, response to dissertation dom reviews, my test cases. date rendered: January 30, 2017. This page intensionally blank; resume precedes this page. Supplemental Skills section next. Tom Rodman - Ideal Job.

GNU/Linux infrastructure; GNU and Open Source application stack possible roles: bash shell, korn shell, or perl scripting Linux System Administration/Automation/DevOps Jira/Atlassian administration Software Configuration Management (Subversion) java/ant build and yale 2014 deploy; Continuous Delivery support Linux, and: ECAD or MCAD engineering apps on application letter department, Linux engineering workstations QA/Testing: write shell or perl test scripts industries I will work for: ``bricks and mortar.. Civilization supporting''; as in engineering, government, education, healthcare, retail, or other non-financial/non-defense services. top aspects of next job. GNU/Linux infrastructure; GNU and yale 2014 Open Source application stack 15-50% of dissertation, work involving bash and/or perl scripting relationships/engineering culture: collaborative: `put it on the wiki', cross training, in-house tools minimal tradeoffs: less than 20% of essays 2014, job on dissertation, any combination of Microsoft, AIX, HPUX, or Solaris minimal Microsoft Windows, AIX, Solaris, or HPUX responsibilities/dependencies - my passion is GNU/Linux budget/leadership: strong business sponsor for yale essays the workgroup; strong technical vision day to day: root access to Linux server(s), or personal workstation able to in it, write shell and perl scripts to improve and yale essays automate on going work and processes engineering work culture, customers should include software or hardware engineers should involve: bash and perl or python scripting new job will `grow my career'; position me for better job minimal Microsoft Windows responsibilities/dependencies - my passion and for internship department investment is in GNU/Linux. Estimated literal elapsed hours/focused-work hour totals: Units below are wall clock hours of focused work, or study where noted. None are credit hours.

Small numbers mean beginner level. shell (bash, sh, ksh): 11000+, bash since 1995. GNU/Linux, misc GNU tools: 10000+ Linux/UNIX System Administration: 2720 (since 1988; Linux since 1996) Software Configuration Management (SCM): 4000+ yum, rpm: 320+ (as end user) svn (Subversion [CollabNet/Linux;cygwin]): 1900+ ElectricCommander: 30 m4: 400+ jira: 210+ confluence: 200+ rsync: 110. cygwin: 350+ apache: 45 PL/SQL queries: 40 MYSQL, SQL self study: 28 tomcat: 10 XML: 30 bamboo: 70 cruise control: 20 crowd: 20 fisheye: 10 vim: 7000+ emacs: 100 AIX system admin: 60+ HPUX system admin: 200 posting questions to Usenet: 300+ HTML: 35 jetty: 20 NFS: 220. iptables: 40 xen: 3 git: 2.25 vmware: 5 LDAP queries: 25 PostgreSQL: 20 openmake meister: 25 UNIX System Internals, posix: 45 (book-study) Data Structures Algorithms: 4 (book-study) msys: 25 exim: 25 Java Ant Build Deploy: 1900 websphere: minimal. Release Coordination/Management: none perl XML modules: 0.5 perl CGI: 5 perl creating Object Oriented code: 3 maven study: 6 markdown: 12 pandoc: 7 gnome (as end user): 15. Hour by hour, I work in GNU screen, w/several interactive bash shell commandline sessions; and in a tabbed-terminal-vim session w/many open files. At commandline often use: ssh, scp, egrep, perl, tar, make, bash functions or aliases, rsync, awk, find, sort, diff, rcs, shell history; shell one liners w/pipes, subshells, background jobs, special shell options, while, for, and process substitution. Tom S Rodman Key Skills.

Scripting: bash, Korn, and 2014 Bourne shell scripting; perl, awk, sed, make, m4, python, expect, tcl, msdos batch (cmd.exe), cgi, strong w/regular expressions. Web: Atlassian Confluence wiki markup, HTML, basic Selenium. Languages: bash shell, korn shell ( tested: high end of 'advanced'), perl ( tested: just below 'advanced'), m4, python, pascal, fortran, basic; some involvement: C, curses, SQL, PL/SQL, CSS, XML, YAML. Configuration Management; SDLC Tools: Mecurial hg, Subversion svn, cvs, RCS, SCCS, Jira, make, bamboo, cruise control, ant, diff, patch, sdiff, some work w/autoconf, Telelogic Synergy (SCM http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Telelogic_Synergy ), Telelogic Change (problem tracking) Databases: Exposure to: PL/SQL w/perl DBI and toad, MySQL, postgresql, and Informix; GNU Linux, HPUX, AIX, GNU tools under AIX, RHEL, Fedora, Centos, 90s era SUNOS, Windows Server: NT 3.51 and all versions through Windows 2003, (7 various UNIXes)

Services: sendmail, NFS, iptables, DNS (bind, named), apache, NIS, ntp, cups, crond, dhcpd, sshd, spamassassin. general skills: svn third party code drops, 3 file code merges, merge conflict analysis, ant java build troubleshooting. Tom Rodman: Tools, Shells, Languages. expert: [ ali at atq atrm awk basename bash bc cancel cat chkconfig chgrp chmod chown ci co colrm comm comp cp crontab d2u date df diff dirname dist dmesg dos2unix du echo egrep env exportfs false fgrep file find fmt fold ftp gawk getopt grep gunzip gzip halt head hostid hostname id kill less ln locate ls make man md5sum mkdir mktemp more mv next nmh passwd ping ps pwd rcp rcs rcsdiff rdate reboot rlog rlogin rm rmdir rsh scan scp 'GNU screen' script send sh shutdown sleep sort split ssh stat strings su tac tail tar tee telnet test time top touch tr true tty u2d umount uname uncompress uniq unix2dos unzip uptime vi vim wall wc wget xargs xterm yes zcat zip. experienced: a2p adduser ash aspell batch bunzip2 bzip2 chfn chroot chsh cksum cmp col conv convert cpan cpio crond dd ddrescue dig dir dnsdomainname domainname dump dumpe2fs e2fsck ed editrights eject ethereal ex expand expect expr fdformat fetchmail find2perl finger formail fsck getfacl ghostscript gimp gnuplot groupadd groupdel groupmod groups gs HTML iconv info ispell join keychain last L A T E X ldapsearch look lp lpq lpr lpstat lsof lynx m4 mail mailx mhbuild mhlist mhshow mhstore minicom mount mutt named netstat nfs nfsstat nice nisdomainname nl nmap nntp nohup nslookup ntfs-3g ntpd ntpdate ntpq od packf par perl pg pgrep Pnews pppd pr printf procmail pwck rcvstore rpcinfo rdist red resize restore rev rexec rmail rpcinfo rpc.mountd rpc.nfsd rpm rsync rxvt rz SCCS sdiff sed sendmail seq setfacl setsid sftp showmount sha1sum spamassassin ssh-add ssh-agent sshd ssh-host-config ssh-keygen startx stty svn mkdir/import/add/ci/co/export/rm svn stat svn diff svn log svnlook svn ls svn cp svn mv sync sz talk tclsh telinit traceroute trn tune2fs tzselect units unlink updatedb useradd userdel usermod uucp uudecode uuencode vigr vipw vimdiff vmstat watch wdiff who whois wiki wireshark xauth ypcat ypdomainname yppasswd ypset ypwhich yum. occasional: alternatives apt automake autom4te blkid cc diff3 free fuser gcc gpg hexdump httpd install ip iptables irssi killall logrotate losetup lsusb lpc lsdev lsof lvcreate lvs markdown merge mkfifo mknod mountpoint mysql naim namei nc newer pandoc patch pvcreate realpath s2p shar since smartd strace svnadmin svn cleanup svn switch tcpdump tic tidy tput vgchange vgcreate wish write yaml. Tom Rodman Key Strengths.

I'm a process oriented, IT engineering generalist, problem solver/troubleshooter w/wide experience knowledge; used to essay special needs, the unexpected. Strong in bash shell scripting. 25 years of shell scripting; 18 years of essays, bash; 22 years of basic perl. Bean By Barbara Kingsolver. Open Source project: http://trodman.com/blog/#uqjau. Strong skills at 2014 the command line w/hundreds of GNU/UNIX utilities. Application Letter For Internship Department. For example: adept w/regular expressions, ad hoc pipeline commands, text string manipulation; at complex timestamp/regex based multi GB filesystem searches. Strengthfinder 2.0 results: http://letstalkpersonality.com/strengthsfinder/reflecting-themes/strengthsfinder-ideation/Ideation, http://letstalkpersonality.com/strengthsfinder/reflecting-themes/strengthsfinder-strategic/Strategic, http://letstalkpersonality.com/strengthsfinder/reflecting-themes/strengthsfinder-intellection/Intellection, http://letstalkpersonality.com/strengthsfinder/reflecting-themes/strengthsfinder-input/Input, http://letstalkpersonality.com/energizing-themes/strengthsfinder-adaptability/Adaptability. See: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Now Have years of tagged, organized, and regex searchable personal technical notes, under revision control. Conservative, risk aware, my best practices: careful/workstep level planning; logging system changes and daily work; all application and yale 2014 system config files under revision control. Piece Writing. Believe in cross training, in yale essays 2014, sharing skills (thru wiki or 1:1); a backup person and a backout plan.

Actively automate admin tasks w/scripts and cron, avoiding hardcoding, providing script commandline options and config files, reusing code w/in script function libraries. Strong troubleshooting, problem solving, and essay special analytical skills. I dig in/focus, define the problem, study, simplify, write on yale essays 2014, the fly scripts and persuasive essay format run complex commnand line checks to divide and conquer mysteries. Many years experience getting answers by posting intelligent questions to yale essays 2014, forums. Strong vim (editor), 'Gnu Screen', ssh, and shell commandline skills at trees kingsolver the UNIX terminal. Tom Rodman Accomplishments. Created and maintained production shell or perl scripts for: system administration, software configuration management, account management, mail, time/date scheduling, text parsing, log file analysis, file-system permissions and essays DACLs, log rotation and purging, backup, recovery, T E X, ssh, application monitoring, network file syncing or xfer (rsync, scp, ftp, wget, telnet, expect), HTML, disk diagnostics/file-system checking, LDAP queries, code metrics, scheduled jobs, software builds, SCM database sessions and queries, OS-process management, file-system management/monitoring, and dissertation dom reviews search. Created wrapper script to standardize logging and essays 2014 metrics for cron jobs across multiple servers, collecting STDOUT and bean trees kingsolver STDERR below a single directory with subdirs named after the job; reports and yale 2014 logs job exit stat in essay conclusion, a standard format; self purging or rotating logs; creates flag file to detect unfinished, killed or hung jobs; supports env var assignments and yale second-level meta-quoting at command-line for long 1 liner/no file cron jobs. Did an essays on the trees by barbara, extensive local disk vs SAN time-bottleneck multi-month analysis using custom benchmark bash and yale essays perl scripts, resulting in trees kingsolver, SAN configuration changes that reduced over night database backup times by up to yale, 20%. Wrote script, using join, comm, sort, and essays on the by barbara diff, comparing accounts in Windows trustee groups, LDAP, AD, and our application database - discrepancies explained and yale emailed.

It saved hours of work monthly, dealing w/(help-desk) related issues w/user adds, deletes, or disabled accounts. Wrote robust/critical shell scripts, using my own library of thesis, 33 database related functions, to yale 2014, automate our SCM database upgrades, they were customized for the upgrade and dom reviews ran for essays over 17 hours on the upgrade weekend processing our 40+GB databases. Created system to manage application config files on multiple hosts at multiple sites using GNU m4 macro language - this simplified global and site specific config file changes; and european the update/merge steps for upgrades. Received quick thanks award for timely completion of request to yale essays, snapshot-copy a UNIX multi GB software development environment, to a SAN used by Windows 2003; used Cygwin managed mounts to handle UNIX/Windows naming conflicts. Lead project to european union, convert NTFS discretionary access control lists (DACL) on yale essays 2014, over 100GB of file-systems on essays on the bean by barbara kingsolver, SANs and local disks for several servers, from one Active Directory Domain to another.

Wrote archive, conversion and comparison scripts in perl, using 'setacl' to read or change the DACls; wrote specs for an Infosys developer in India to yale essays 2014, complete and thesis union execute the yale conversion, which went smoothly. Major successful effort at dissertation preparing for and completing an April 2008 remote site, bare metal, offsite Disaster Recovery exercise for essays our SCM and software problem tracking server. A Short Piece Writing. Worked together w/co-worker on 1500 lines of yale, text in about 8 documents w/in the plan. Took a prototype perl code metrics script, rewrote some of the thesis european logic, enhanced it to handle errors gracefully, added verbose logging, tested, and put in production. This is a SCM code check-in triggered (commit hook) script that annotates code object meta-data w/lines of code metrics based on a comparison to yale essays 2014, the prior version. Following the essays bean GNU Cygwin project since 1996, and periodically did a small number pre and post release tests for the project; as a result have identified problems that have almost all been fixed by yale 2014 the Cygwin developers after they responded to my carefully documented test cases. Wrote trip wire style script to watch perms, ownership, file attribute, size, time-stamp, or file checksum changes in windows install tree; another script to college special needs, monitor registry list of yale essays 2014, installed applications. Have many years of notes, project plans and logs, in one place, in conclusion format, plain text, under version control, tagged and easily searched. Coordinated successful recovery of a HP Proliant server in yale 2014, India, remotely (they were ready to essay, give up on the drive data) - the yale essays 2014 motherboard was replaced, then we had to essays on the bean kingsolver, troubleshoot an issue w/the RAID controller configuration - no data lost. Installed, and yale essays 2014 configured HPUX, in house created, SCCS based SCM repo/build- management server on on the, new hardware, updating scripts as needed.

Cut over compile build servers to essays, use this new server. Was required for y2k compliance under HPUX. Essay. Uptime for this server: typically several years.

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Amdocs Test Engineer Interview Questions. Interviews for Top Jobs at Amdocs. 19 Candidate Interview Reviews Back to all Interviews. Your trust is our top concern, so companies can't alter or remove reviews. I applied through a recruiter.

The process took 4+ weeks. I interviewed at Amdocs (Pune). The process took like a month, first round written then after a week technical interwiew then another interview. As always they asked #034;HR will give you a call #034;. Then nothing. I have been interviewed for Like 8 times ,not even sure if they really are interested for the Recruiting of yale 2014 new resources. Some Unix commands.. Sql queries. Test cases Answer Question. Other Interview Reviews for a short of creative writing, Amdocs. I applied through a staffing agency.

The process took 2 weeks. I interviewed at Amdocs (Gurgaon, Haryana) in February 2017. first there will be an online test in the amdocs centre itself which is mandatory for all the candidates. then the yale 2014 candidates will be called for the f2f interviews. They called in the candidates in the allotted time .. But there might be a bit delay in the interview process. The interviewer were very nice and on some senior post. Generally they ask more about the previous job posts and KRAs. 1 Answer. I applied through a staffing agency. The process took 2 weeks. Bean. I interviewed at Amdocs in August 2016. Gave interview on 9th August.

Around 2 hr online test. Aptitude, logical reasoning, reading, Unix, SQL, QTP. Easy questions. 2014. Unix and SQL part was bit tuff. Followed by technical discussion. Didn#039;t got any reply from HR. F2F discussion about what you have done in project.

Answer Question. I applied online. I interviewed at thesis european, Amdocs (Pune) in essays August 2016. I applied through a recruiter. European. The process took 3 weeks. I interviewed at Amdocs (Dallas, TX (US)) in September 2016. It started with a phone interview, to yale, answering questions. I was later schedule for a one-one interview with 2 people panel; tested on practical MsExcel with a typical work scenario. How will you manage conflicting priorities. How will you manage conflicting priorities Answer Question.

Is this helpful? The community relies on everyone sharing Add Anonymous Interview Review. I applied through college or university. Persuasive Conclusion Format. I interviewed at Amdocs (Kolkata) in July 2016. The 1st Round is on 23rd July 2016 is Aptitude Round which are divided into Logical Reasoning(15 marks),Quantitative(15 Marks), Comprehensive(10 Marks) and Automation Program (on java or C) and Technical of yale essays 2014 30 marks.They result declared after 2 days on mail.44 got mail out of about 800. Interview on application letter for internship in it, 29th and then HR. Asked too many question about my family. What is your role in 2014 your project. I applied through a recruiter. The process took 2 weeks. I interviewed at Amdocs in December 2014.

Interview process was entirely based on my resume. I was asked about my project first. Since I have worked in telecom project, I was asked to elaborate and explain in detail about the dom reviews work I do. Then I was asked to 2014, explain about persuasive conclusion format my experience. It was about the applications I test in my current project. Yale Essays 2014. Answer Question. I applied through an employee referral.

The process took 2 days. I interviewed at Amdocs (Pune) in August 2014. there were three rounds.it took two days 1-online round.it consisted of 20 datastructure Questions and 2 programming questions and on the bean by barbara kingsolver both had equal importance. 2-program GD.a program#039;s logic was to be discussed 3-interview The interview was light and hard work pays more data structure is important ,most of the Questions were from essays, that. write the test cases for login page 1 Answer. Format. I applied online. 2014. The process took 2 days. I interviewed at Amdocs (Bengaluru) in May 2014. It was good .question on letter in it department, sql db unix manul testing about urself current project java testing methods.

Function regression testing Written test was bit tough rest all round is great Salary package was also good up to the marks sql knowledge is must. I applied through college or university. Yale. The process took 1 day. I interviewed at Amdocs (Gurgaon, Haryana) in April 2014. College. It was an open campus in our college. Written followed by technical and telephonic HR interview.

Written was held at college. Essays 2014. online mode. Interview held at thesis union, Amdocs, Gurgaon. It was a one day process. However they took sufficient time in yale essays declaring the results. Written consisted of some general aptitude and C++ questions. Level was average. Dom Reviews. Technical round also of medium level. 2014. They asked some general questions related to testing, since the dom reviews interviewer was of yale 2014 testing domain I guess. Some daily life questions like how will you test a wall clock? parameters? Business oriented questions like how will you sell a ball-pen? 2 or 3 C++ programs.

I applied through a staffing agency. The process took 1 day. I interviewed at Amdocs (Pune) in thesis union April 2014. I got a call from a recruting agency. It was a walkin interview. Yale Essays. first test was online test in which sections wre aptitude,SQL and Unix. next 2 technical rounds happened. next round was hr round. pretty simple questions asked. I got offer leeter after 2 days.

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Dialogue in an Essay and Other Rules of Writing an yale 2014, Essay. At first, we will learn what the essay is. Dom Reviews! The word essay has come from the French and historically dates back to essays the Latin word exagium (weighing). The French word ezzai can literally be translated as an experience, a trial, or a sketch. Essay is a composition made in prose of a little volume, which can be written on any topic. In essay students need to essay format express personal impressions and thoughts on a particular occasion or issue. Essay doesn’t pretend to essays be exhaustive or decisive treatment of the issue. Some Essay Characteristics: Existence of a certain issue. Essay can be devoted to the analysis of dissertation dom reviews, wide range of problems, and by definition, can’t be executed in the essay genre. Yale Essays! Essay expresses personal experiences and views on specific issue and letter department, certainly does not claim to yale essays define or comprehensively treat the subject.

As a rule, an essay suggests a new, subjectively colored word about conclusion, anything. Such composition can have a philosophical, popular scientific, biographical, fictional, journalistic, or historical character. The content of the essays is evaluated by place of the author’s identity in it authors’ outlook, thoughts, and feelings on a certain subject. The genre of essay has become popular in recent years. Montaigne (Essais) is considered the creator of this genre. Essays 2014! Today essay is often given as a main task to students. It is dissertation dom reviews, one of the main components of all documents required for admission to university or a job interview. Essay contests help to choose the best candidates among the yale essays 2014 rest of the applicants. Essay writing is also important for young professionals. The way, in which the thesis applicant was able to describe himself or herself, allows an employer to determine whether this person is good enough for the business, whether he or she has enough experience in order to meet the yale expectations of the future and benefit company (organization, enterprise). The purpose of the essay is to develop such skills as creative thinking and the ability to thesis express your own thoughts.

Knowing how to write comprehensive essays is very important, as it allows the author to learn how to correctly formulate thoughts, arrange the facts, apply basic concepts, single out causal relationships, illustrate the gained experience with relevant examples, and substantiate conclusions. It is very important to essays know the basic rules of writing an essay, such as inserting the dialogue in an essay, creating a good introduction and comprehensive ending. There are several ideas you can use in your essay in order to conclusion format attract the attention of a reader: This information should be accurate and verifiable, but it doesn’t necessarily need to yale essays 2014 be completely new to format your readers. 2014! It can be a simple fact that illustrates what you want to convey to your reader. If you use surprising information, write about it in details using a couple of sentences. Accident.

Accident is a story that confirms the basic idea. The story should be brief and correspond to the topic you are writing about. Stories can serve as a very effective introduction to your essay, but use it carefully. Dialogue. Relevant dialogue in an essay does not have to identify the essays trees by barbara speakers, but a reader should understand what you are trying to say. Use only two or three sentences of dialogue in yale essays an essay to convey the basic idea. After the dialogue in an essay, write one or two explanatory sentences. Summarizing information. Several sentences, explaining your topic in general terms, can gradually bring a reader to the thesis. In order to take the reader to for internship in it department the thesis, progressively make every sentence more specific.

If you need to know how to insert a dialogue in an essay, first you need to know the notion of a dialogue. Dialogue is yale essays 2014, a conversation between two or more people. You can see dialogues in movies, plays, fiction stories, or essays. Thesis European Union! You should not confuse a dialogue with the quotations from external sources. As the marks of quotation are used both with a dialogue and quotations from the sources, it is important to differentiate these two notions. The main differences of essays 2014, a dialogue and quotations from the sources are the following:

A talk between two people or more. It is special, used as a part of a story or a hook. Direct quotes. Quotes are information from an external source used word-for-word in an essay. Quotes are used as a hook to support an argument in your essay. The most common error is yale, directly quoting from dialogue. Essays Bean Trees Kingsolver! In this situation, think what you are using the dialogue for to show the idea in your argument.

In this case, quoting of a dialogue will be a part of the direct quote category. When to Use a Dialogue in an Essay? As it was mentioned above, dialogues can be seen in movies, plays, or fiction stories. However you can only insert a dialogue in a narrative essay. This is due to the fact that other types of essays (expository or argumentative essays) aim to claim. In argumentative essays, you are claiming that your argument is the yale 2014 right one, while in application in it department expository essays you are explaining an idea or claiming about 2014, how something works. On the other hand, narrative essays are about a story-like character. In narrative essays you tell a reader about your experience. Many of the experiences you are writing about in an essay include other people and conversations you had with them. Using dialogues in expository and argumentative essays won’t add to your point of on the bean trees kingsolver, view and may in yale essays fact make it weaker. On The Bean Trees Kingsolver! This is because your friends and family are probably not the best sources to essays your support from, at least not in the case of writing essays.

Instead, it is better to paraphrase or directly quote from experts in dissertation the topic you are writing your essay about. Using dialogues in narrative essays is a great technique, as they help to move the story along, add dimension to the characters, and create more interest for a reader. Imagine reading a novel, where characters don’t speak, or a movie, where actors don’t have a single line. It is pretty boring. The same applies to inserting a dialogue in an essay. How to Correctly Insert a Dialogue in an Essay? There are several various ways when inserting or quoting a dialogue in yale 2014 an essay may be necessary. If you are using any stage or narrative directions in your quote to prove your idea together with a dialogue, the narrative will be surrounded by double quoting marks, while the dialogue will be surrounded by essay, the single marks of quotation. If the part you are quoting in your essay is a line of a dialogue itself, then you can insert the dialogue as any other text quoted and surround it with double marks of quotation.

If for proving your point, you want to insert the whole dialogue in an essay, you can do it using the block quote. For the block quote you need to leave the 2014 marks of quotation, indent every line of the paragraph so that it will stand alone in your essay as one block, and then you need to add the reference after the period. If you want to quote a dialogue in an essay that is more than three lines long and the lines are from the same speaker, you will also need to use the block quotation. At first, we will learn what the essay is. The word essay has come from the French and historically dates back to european union the Latin word exagium (weighing). The French word ezzai can literally be translated as an experience, a trial, or a sketch.

Essay is a composition made in prose of a little volume, which can be written on any topic. In essay students need to express personal impressions and thoughts on 2014 a particular occasion or issue. Persuasive! Essay doesn’t pretend to be exhaustive or decisive treatment of the issue. Some Essay Characteristics: Existence of essays, a certain issue.

Essay can be devoted to the analysis of dissertation dom reviews, wide range of yale 2014, problems, and by definition, can’t be executed in the essay genre. Essay expresses personal experiences and views on specific issue and needs, certainly does not claim to define or comprehensively treat the subject. As a rule, an essay suggests a new, subjectively colored word about anything. Such composition can have a philosophical, popular scientific, biographical, fictional, journalistic, or historical character. The content of the essays is yale, evaluated by thesis european, place of the author’s identity in it authors’ outlook, thoughts, and feelings on a certain subject. The genre of essay has become popular in recent years. Montaigne (Essais) is considered the creator of this genre.

Today essay is often given as a main task to students. It is one of the main components of yale essays 2014, all documents required for admission to application letter department university or a job interview. Essay contests help to choose the best candidates among the rest of the applicants. Essay writing is also important for young professionals. The way, in which the applicant was able to describe himself or herself, allows an employer to determine whether this person is yale 2014, good enough for college special the business, whether he or she has enough experience in order to meet the expectations of the future and benefit company (organization, enterprise). The purpose of the essay is to develop such skills as creative thinking and the ability to express your own thoughts.

Knowing how to yale essays write comprehensive essays is very important, as it allows the essay special needs author to learn how to correctly formulate thoughts, arrange the facts, apply basic concepts, single out causal relationships, illustrate the gained experience with relevant examples, and 2014, substantiate conclusions. It is very important to know the basic rules of writing an essay, such as inserting the dialogue in an essay, creating a good introduction and comprehensive ending. There are several ideas you can use in your essay in order to attract the attention of dissertation dom reviews, a reader: This information should be accurate and verifiable, but it doesn’t necessarily need to be completely new to your readers. It can be a simple fact that illustrates what you want to convey to your reader. If you use surprising information, write about it in details using a couple of sentences. Accident.

Accident is a story that confirms the basic idea. The story should be brief and essays, correspond to the topic you are writing about. Stories can serve as a very effective introduction to your essay, but use it carefully. Dialogue. Relevant dialogue in an essay does not have to identify the speakers, but a reader should understand what you are trying to say. Use only two or three sentences of dialogue in an essay to convey the basic idea.

After the dialogue in an essay, write one or two explanatory sentences. Conclusion Format! Summarizing information. Several sentences, explaining your topic in general terms, can gradually bring a reader to the thesis. Yale! In order to take the reader to conclusion the thesis, progressively make every sentence more specific. If you need to know how to insert a dialogue in an essay, first you need to know the notion of essays, a dialogue. Dialogue is a conversation between two or more people. You can see dialogues in a short of creative writing movies, plays, fiction stories, or essays. Yale 2014! You should not confuse a dialogue with the quotations from external sources. As the marks of essay format, quotation are used both with a dialogue and quotations from the yale essays sources, it is important to differentiate these two notions. The main differences of a dialogue and quotations from the sources are the following:

A talk between two people or more. It is used as a part of a story or a hook. Direct quotes. Quotes are information from an external source used word-for-word in an essay. Quotes are used as a hook to support an argument in on the bean trees kingsolver your essay. The most common error is directly quoting from dialogue. In this situation, think what you are using the essays 2014 dialogue for to show the essays on the trees kingsolver idea in your argument. Yale 2014! In this case, quoting of a dialogue will be a part of the direct quote category. When to dissertation Use a Dialogue in an Essay?

As it was mentioned above, dialogues can be seen in movies, plays, or fiction stories. However you can only insert a dialogue in essays 2014 a narrative essay. This is due to the fact that other types of essays (expository or argumentative essays) aim to claim. In argumentative essays, you are claiming that your argument is the right one, while in expository essays you are explaining an idea or claiming about how something works. On the other hand, narrative essays are about a story-like character. In narrative essays you tell a reader about letter for internship department, your experience.

Many of the experiences you are writing about in an essay include other people and conversations you had with them. Using dialogues in expository and argumentative essays won’t add to yale essays your point of view and may in fact make it weaker. This is dom reviews, because your friends and family are probably not the yale 2014 best sources to your support from, at least not in the case of writing essays. Dom Reviews! Instead, it is better to paraphrase or directly quote from experts in the topic you are writing your essay about. Using dialogues in narrative essays is a great technique, as they help to move the story along, add dimension to the characters, and create more interest for a reader. Imagine reading a novel, where characters don’t speak, or a movie, where actors don’t have a single line. It is pretty boring. Yale 2014! The same applies to inserting a dialogue in an essay.

How to Correctly Insert a Dialogue in letter an Essay? There are several various ways when inserting or quoting a dialogue in an essay may be necessary. If you are using any stage or narrative directions in your quote to prove your idea together with a dialogue, the yale 2014 narrative will be surrounded by double quoting marks, while the dialogue will be surrounded by the single marks of quotation. If the part you are quoting in your essay is a line of persuasive, a dialogue itself, then you can insert the dialogue as any other text quoted and 2014, surround it with double marks of quotation. If for proving your point, you want to insert the whole dialogue in an essay, you can do it using the block quote. Application Letter In It! For the block quote you need to leave the marks of quotation, indent every line of the paragraph so that it will stand alone in your essay as one block, and then you need to add the reference after the period. If you want to quote a dialogue in an essay that is more than three lines long and the lines are from the same speaker, you will also need to use the block quotation. At first, we will learn what the essay is. The word essay has come from the French and historically dates back to the Latin word exagium (weighing).

The French word ezzai can literally be translated as an experience, a trial, or a sketch. Essay is a composition made in prose of a little volume, which can be written on any topic. In essay students need to 2014 express personal impressions and thoughts on a particular occasion or issue. Essay doesn’t pretend to be exhaustive or decisive treatment of the letter in it department issue. Some Essay Characteristics: Existence of a certain issue. Essay can be devoted to the analysis of wide range of yale, problems, and by definition, can’t be executed in the essay genre.

Essay expresses personal experiences and essays on the bean trees by barbara, views on specific issue and 2014, certainly does not claim to define or comprehensively treat the subject. As a rule, an essay suggests a new, subjectively colored word about essays, anything. Such composition can have a philosophical, popular scientific, biographical, fictional, journalistic, or historical character. The content of the essays is evaluated by place of the author’s identity in it authors’ outlook, thoughts, and feelings on a certain subject. The genre of essay has become popular in recent years. Montaigne (Essais) is considered the creator of this genre. Today essay is often given as a main task to students. It is one of the main components of yale essays 2014, all documents required for admission to university or a job interview. Essay contests help to choose the best candidates among the a short rest of the applicants.

Essay writing is also important for young professionals. The way, in which the applicant was able to describe himself or herself, allows an employer to determine whether this person is good enough for the business, whether he or she has enough experience in order to meet the yale essays 2014 expectations of the future and benefit company (organization, enterprise). The purpose of the persuasive essay essay is to yale essays 2014 develop such skills as creative thinking and the ability to express your own thoughts. Knowing how to write comprehensive essays is very important, as it allows the author to learn how to correctly formulate thoughts, arrange the facts, apply basic concepts, single out causal relationships, illustrate the gained experience with relevant examples, and substantiate conclusions. It is very important to know the basic rules of application in it department, writing an essay, such as inserting the essays 2014 dialogue in an essay, creating a good introduction and comprehensive ending. There are several ideas you can use in your essay in order to attract the a short piece of creative writing attention of a reader: This information should be accurate and verifiable, but it doesn’t necessarily need to be completely new to 2014 your readers. It can be a simple fact that illustrates what you want to convey to your reader.

If you use surprising information, write about it in details using a couple of sentences. Accident. Accident is a story that confirms the college essay special needs basic idea. The story should be brief and correspond to the topic you are writing about. Stories can serve as a very effective introduction to your essay, but use it carefully. Dialogue. Relevant dialogue in an essay does not have to identify the speakers, but a reader should understand what you are trying to say. Use only two or three sentences of dialogue in an essay to convey the basic idea.

After the dialogue in an essay, write one or two explanatory sentences. Summarizing information. Several sentences, explaining your topic in general terms, can gradually bring a reader to the thesis. In order to take the yale essays 2014 reader to the thesis, progressively make every sentence more specific. If you need to know how to insert a dialogue in european an essay, first you need to know the notion of a dialogue. Dialogue is a conversation between two or more people. You can see dialogues in yale essays 2014 movies, plays, fiction stories, or essays. You should not confuse a dialogue with the quotations from external sources. As the marks of quotation are used both with a dialogue and quotations from the sources, it is important to a short of creative differentiate these two notions. The main differences of a dialogue and quotations from the sources are the following:

A talk between two people or more. It is used as a part of a story or a hook. Essays! Direct quotes. Quotes are information from an external source used word-for-word in an essay. Quotes are used as a hook to support an argument in your essay. The most common error is directly quoting from dialogue. In this situation, think what you are using the european union dialogue for to show the idea in your argument. In this case, quoting of a dialogue will be a part of the direct quote category. When to essays Use a Dialogue in an Essay? As it was mentioned above, dialogues can be seen in movies, plays, or fiction stories. However you can only insert a dialogue in essays bean trees kingsolver a narrative essay.

This is due to the fact that other types of essays, essays (expository or argumentative essays) aim to claim. In argumentative essays, you are claiming that your argument is the essay special right one, while in expository essays you are explaining an essays, idea or claiming about how something works. On the other hand, narrative essays are about a story-like character. In narrative essays you tell a reader about your experience. Many of the experiences you are writing about in an essay include other people and conversations you had with them. Using dialogues in department expository and argumentative essays won’t add to your point of view and may in 2014 fact make it weaker.

This is because your friends and family are probably not the best sources to your support from, at least not in the case of writing essays. Instead, it is better to application for internship paraphrase or directly quote from experts in the topic you are writing your essay about. Using dialogues in narrative essays is a great technique, as they help to move the story along, add dimension to the characters, and create more interest for a reader. Imagine reading a novel, where characters don’t speak, or a movie, where actors don’t have a single line. It is yale essays 2014, pretty boring. The same applies to inserting a dialogue in an essay. How to persuasive essay Correctly Insert a Dialogue in an Essay? There are several various ways when inserting or quoting a dialogue in an essay may be necessary. If you are using any stage or narrative directions in essays your quote to prove your idea together with a dialogue, the college essay special needs narrative will be surrounded by double quoting marks, while the dialogue will be surrounded by the single marks of quotation. If the part you are quoting in your essay is yale essays 2014, a line of a dialogue itself, then you can insert the dialogue as any other text quoted and surround it with double marks of quotation. If for proving your point, you want to insert the whole dialogue in an essay, you can do it using the block quote.

For the block quote you need to leave the special needs marks of quotation, indent every line of the paragraph so that it will stand alone in your essay as one block, and then you need to add the reference after the period. If you want to quote a dialogue in an essay that is essays 2014, more than three lines long and the lines are from the same speaker, you will also need to use the block quotation.