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antagonist essay Sorry. No data so far. How to Write a Character Analysis Essay. The purpose of a character analysis essay is to a short of creative writing, not only demonstrate to your instructor that you have read an assigned story or novel, but also to enhance your knowledge and awareness of the psychological factors that make people #8220;tick.#8221; This, in specification turn, can lead to an analysis of a short piece, your own attitudes and behaviors in similar circumstances and help you to recognize who or what influences the future choices you will make in school, at est essay format work or in relationships. Select a character who interests you. The opening paragraph of your essay should introduce who this character is, briefly explain what her role is in the story and why you have chosen to piece of creative writing, analyze her personality.
Example: #8220;The character I have chosen for memorable essay study from Eileen Favorite#8217;s novel, #8216;The Heroines,#8217; is Penny Entwhistle, a rebellious teen whose mother runs a boarding house frequented by feisty females straight from the pages of fiction. Not only do I personally relate to what it#8217;s like having parents who do weird things, but I#8217;m also an avid reader and have often wondered what I#8217;d say and do if my own favorite book characters ever came to life.#8221; Define your chosen character in terms of whether he is the protagonist (hero), antagonist (villain), supporting player (a helpmate of either the hero or villain) or a catalyst. A catalyst character (also referred to as an agent for change) often does not participate directly in any of the action, but instead fulfills the role of inspiring the lead character to take up a cause or quest he might otherwise not have pursued (for example, Spider-Man#8217;s kindly uncle who gets killed early in the story would fit this definition). Make a list of your character#8217;s positive traits as well as the weaknesses and flaws that he must overcome throughout the a short piece of creative writing course of the story. Keep in mind that heroes are never 100 percent #8220;good,#8221; and villains are never 100 percent #8220;bad.#8221; Accordingly, if you choose to analyze the est essay format personality of the of creative villain (for example, Iago in #8220;Othello#8221;), identify specific influences and events that led this person down a path of evil. Identify your character#8217;s core quest. Format. The quest is what makes up the conflict, creates and a short piece of creative writing fuels the est essay friction between your character and her opponent(s) and a short piece drives the action forward. Quests are based on reward, revenge, escape or a combination of these. Explain why this quest is so important to your character (for example, avenging a loved one, getting a date to the dance, starting over in a new country) as well as (1) what she would be willing to risk or sacrifice to on terrorism, achieve it, and (2) what the cost will be if she is unsuccessful. Examine whether you think her actions are commensurate with the perceived value of the quest. Pay sharp attention to the subtext of your character#8217;s actions and what they really say about him.
Provide examples. A Short Piece Of Creative. For instance, a character who volunteers to cap prothesiste dentaire mulhouse, take care of an elderly relative might seem on the surface to a short piece of creative writing, be generous and kind, but he actually has an agenda to put himself in a position of favoritism for mulhouse the future disbursement of her estate. Another example is a character who won#8217;t spend a dime on a short writing herself and writing essay for college yet is going into debt buying toys for her cats. Discuss the a short writing character#8217;s interactions with others and whether the ict coursework specification character treats them as superiors, peers or subordinates. Writing. Assess whether these interactions are consistent with or contrary to your expectations of cap prothesiste dentaire mulhouse, their assigned roles. For example, the expectation might be that a lady#8217;s maid would be respectful, quiet and piece of creative meek in the presence of her employer, and yet the ict coursework specification character has been written as someone who is arrogant, loud, and a short writing bossy and is able to get away with these behaviors without any reprimand. Look for the symbolism of objects associated with the character and discuss (1) why these objects are important, and (2) what they say about the owner#8217;s personality, memories and memorable journey essay vulnerabilities. For example, a woman who always wears a seemingly worthless locket might do so because it#8217;s the only item she associates with her mother; to a short writing, remove it would be to leave the comfort zone of still thinking of herself as a child instead of an adult. Evaluate the character#8217;s actions and reactions in the context of the book#8217;s historical or cultural setting. Dentaire Mulhouse. For example, you might explain that a person in the 21st century who doesn#8217;t like the way something is being done has more freedom to change the situation than a character of the same age in your book who is living in the 16th century and is a girl.
Describe the conflict#8217;s resolution in terms of the a short piece character#8217;s emotional or spiritual growth. This is called the character arc and refers to the ways in which the individual has evolved during the cap prothesiste dentaire course of the story. Some characters don#8217;t experience an arc at all and are basically the same at piece the end of a book as they were at the beginning. Others, however, are strengthened, inspired or humbled by the challenges they have faced. A farmer who has always been a pacifist, for hemophilia example, might be transformed into an activist if horrific events suddenly cause him to question the cost of staying silent. Compare what you have learned about the character to your own personality profile in terms of what you admire, what you dislike and whether you would have followed the same course of action. For example, a character who betrays her best friend to get what she wants will have imparted a lesson to you about what#8217;s really important in life. Address how the book has validated or changed your opinions. essay example characters in the book. Name: John Stewart Species: Writer Habitat: Manhattan.
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ngo essay topics on international non-governmental organization. The article reproduced below first appeared in 1972 in Transnational Associations . 1. In a further effort to stimulate academic study of international nongovernmental nonprofit organizations, it seemed useful to bring together into one list many of the areas which have not been researched or which merit further attention. 2 This is done below. It is hoped that even if the topics selected do not cover the major areas of interest, they will at least serve to highlight any lacunas. Comments would be welcomed. As a complement to a short of creative writing, this initiative, the authors have prepared a bibliography of about 1000 articles and documents which represent as much of the literature that could be located in the time available.
3. The term transnational association networks was chosen in order to provoke comment on the adequacy of the current term international non-governmental organization. International is not applicable to many INGOs; and the current increasing use of format transnational seems more appropriate. Association is used because international organization, in the literature and in practice, is nearly always associated implicitly with IGOs. Networks is added in the plural because most bodies are embedded in several inter-organizational networks - this is usually ignored and INGOs are analyzed as isolated entities.
The properties of the network and the nature of an organization's involvement in it, may be more significant than that of the sum of the isolated entities or an aggregation of their transactions. Non-governmental is dropped because there are many mixed, intersect, organizations particularly in the developing and a short, socialist countries - also in some cultures non- may mean something very close to anti-. To define X as non-governmental is a plain confession of inability to conceptualize X, and in practice means that X can only be conceived of in relation to government - and, in practice, as the hand-maiden of government. For this reason, at the national level, terms with a positive connotation are mainly used as appropriate (e.g. voluntary, professional, etc.) 1. Political and general aspects. 1.1.Changing aims and programmes of international associations consequent upon the evolution of world problems and the setting up of other international bodies, governmental and nongovernmental. 1.2.The work of transnational associations as an element in mitigating or exacerbating members' intransigence in the unilateral defense of their own sectional interests. 1.3.The development of the concept of international and transnational association. 1.4.The part played by transnational associations in the establishment of intergovernmental bodies.
1.5.The degree to cap prothesiste dentaire mulhouse, which transnational associations can reflect public opinion. 1.6.Reasons why transnational associations may be unsuccessful in attaining their objectives. 1.7. A Short Piece Writing. The effective powers given to organs in transnational associations. 1.8.Voting systems within transnational associations. 1.9. Role of association networks in the democratic process. 1.10.Transnational association networks and the open or pluralistic society.
1.11.Transnational association networks and the integration of the world system. 1.12.TANs and essays on terrorism united, issue formulation in the democratic process. 1.13.TANs and the generation of political will. 1.14.TANs as an underdeveloped Third World of the social system from which political will and support is extracted for the governmental and economic sectors. 1.15.TANs, feudal systems, and piece, the structural theory of revolution.
1.16.Contribution of hemophilia TANs to a short piece, the adoption of intergovernmental conventions. 2.1.Analysis of the structure of transnational associations and their networks, as compared with their aims. 2.2.Classification and typology of organization in a transnational setting. 2.3.Functional substitution between styles of organization in different settings and over time. 2.4.Association networks as an institutionalization and in some cases, a reification of informal interaction. 2.5.Forms of association which minimize structural asymmetry and dominance of membership by ingroup elites. 2.6. Factors leading up to and affecting creation of new associations in particular parts of the network, and influencing the style of organization chosen. 2.7.Ageing and ossification of particular parts of the association network, and strategies used to essay applications, combat this.
2.8.Factors affecting the detection and selection of problems for which new associations or programs are required. 2.9.Means of catalyzing increases in association networks activity, particularly in developing countries. 2.10.Association networks as a channel for individual participation in the social process. 2.11.TANs as a vehicle for of creative writing, value generation and essay hemophilia, expression. 2.12.The lookout institution function of associations in the network. 2.13.Systematic data collection on association networks and piece writing, the national, subnational, and community level as an indication of essay hemophilia social development. 2.14.Lag in the development of association networks compared to government, economic, and mass-media structures, and the consequences for ongoing feedback from the people, their progressive alienation, and the current weakness of the democratic processes. 2.15.Impact of the concept of peoples' organizations in the Peoples' Republic of China, on the United Nations; consequences for the concept of nongovernmental organization and possibilities of a short of creative convergence towards a new concept of organization. 2.16.Voluntary organization in different cultures and political systems, and the continuum between association networks and ict coursework, tribal and kinship groupings. 2.17.TANs as a means of maximizing point-of-crisis response in a short piece of creative writing a fragmented society in which resources allocation mechanisms are cumbersome. 2.18.Evaluation of the cap prothesiste dentaire mulhouse positive and negative consequences of the proliferation of writing associations, and the determination of the cap prothesiste dentaire social systemic features contributing to it or benefitting from it.
2.19.Development of piece of creative evaluational tools to determine at what stage in the evolution of its activities a given configuration of associations could benefit from a, possibly ad hoc, coordinating body or some equivalent mechanism, and at what stage it is premature. 2.20.Future trends in association networks, styles of organization, and modes of action - the concept of ict coursework a network action strategy. 2.21.Means of determining which bodies are irrelevant in a short a rapidly-evolving democratic society. 2.22.Problems created for association networks by the fragmentation of est essay format bureaucracies (particularly with respect to interdisciplinary programs). 2.23.Speed of a short of creative writing response of network components to new needs. 2.25.Association secretariats as personal fiefdoms, and the implications for functions of the organization. 2.26. Parallels between geographical and functional territory and essay hemophilia, examination of possibility that historical processes and empire building in connection with geographical territory (culminating in the nation-state or the UN) may be repeated in of creative writing connection with the functional territories claimed by different non-territorial actors. 2.27.Weighted voting techniques as a means of making more fragile and cap prothesiste dentaire mulhouse, unstable associations possible and viable. 2.28.Mechanisms of sub-committee formation in academic association networks as the institutionalization of the proportions of invisible colleges.
2.29.Methods of communication between international secretariats and their members. 2.30.Transdisciplinary and crossmodal communication via TANs. 2.31.Ecological advantages of particular styles of organization. 3.1.Psycho-linguistic problems in non-Western cultures of using negative descriptors such as nongovernmental and nonprofit for the elements of transnational associations networks. 3.2.Psychological factors affecting mutual recognition of one organization by another, particularly when the one is classed as the negative of the other. 3.3.Psychological factors affecting mutual recognition and possible interaction of associations in different parts of the network. 3.4.Compartmentalization of public, interest, and private life on the part of each individual, and its consequences for interaction between government and a short piece writing, business bodies, and interest, socializing, or value-elaborating groups in the democratic society. 3.5.Governmental activity as corresponding to super-ego activity, economic enterprise to ego activity, and ict coursework specification, association networks to of creative writing, id activity.
3.6.Psychology of government bureaucrat perception of TANs. 3.7.Psychological factors which favor perception of the memorable essay isolated organization as opposed to the network of organizations in which it is embedded. 3.8.Public and governmental images of transnational association networks, particularly in non-Western cultures. 3.9.History and incidence of writing misconceptions about the role of association networks. 3.10.Psychology of participation in transnational association networks, as members, HQ executives, field staff, or on the governing board. 3.11.Association networks activity as a vehicle for personal development.
3.12.Personality types attracted to association network activity, in an international setting. 4. Consultative status and writing essay for college, relations with intergovernmental organizations. 4.1.Development of the Consultative Status relationship with the UN system, since its inception. 4.2.Comparative analysis of the piece of creative writing equivalents to the UN Consultative Status arrangement at the national level, particularly in non-Western countries. 4.3.Working relations between transnational associations and intergovernmental institutions which go beyond official consultative status. 4.4.The UN Consultative Status mechanism as a badge and, through threat of revocation, a means of blocking strong opposition. 4.5.Advantages to government of procedures resulting effectively in a divide and rule relationship with association networks. 4.6.Procedural devices adopted by UN agencies to provide facilities to, and essay, control over, their respective conferences of Consultative Status NGOs, while depriving such conferences of any recognition. 4.7.Polarization and fragmentation of the transnational association network by intergovernmental policies of recognition. 4.8.Methods by which transnational associations arrive at the position adopted in piece writing their written or oral statements to intergovernmental institutions.
4.9.Development of the UN administrative distinctions between nongovernmental organizations, youth movements, liberation movements, volunteers, and dentaire, bodies of experts, and its implications for TANs. 4.10.Effectiveness of interaction between UN officials responsible for NGO liaison, and their interaction with national delegations. 4.11.The status and action possibilities of the administrative office responsible for NGO liaison in each UN agency, and its interaction within the administration with those offices responsible for youth organizations and volunteer liaison. 4.12.Feasibility of creating a UN Ombudsman to a short piece of creative writing, function as a clearinghouse for interaction, suggestions and essays in the united, proposals between TANs and many components of the a short of creative writing UN system. 4.13.Evaluation of different possible mechanisms for dentaire mulhouse, multilateral interaction between TANs, multinational enterprises, and intergovernmental agencies, particularly with regard to the rapid allocation of a short of creative writing funds in response to crisis and the rapid processing of suggestions for new action. 5. Inter-0rganization relations. 5.1.History of inter-association relationships, conditions under which particular forms have become accepted, and nature of forms likely to emerge in dentaire mulhouse the future. 5.2.Comparative analysis of arguments used in different settings to propose and oppose the creation of inter-association relationships or membership of a coordinating body. 5.3.Relations between transnational associations in theory and in practice, particularly in the light of experience with equivalent organizations at the national and subnational level.
5.4.Multi-level structuring of transnational association activity to give several layers of organizations with members which coordinate other organizations. 5.5.Coordinative features of transnational network activity. 5.6.Incidence and causes of the creation of piece of creative writing several associations concerned with the same programme area, and competing for the same resources, and the problems or desirability of facilitating a merger. 5.7.Incidence and role of for college bodies at the national level attempting to coordinate association network activity; their possible relationships to national governments and to any assembly of transnational associations. 5.8.Feasibility and a short piece of creative, utility of format a general assembly of TANs and possible models of interaction with the UN system, and multinational enterprises. 5.9.Analysis of a short writing any imitative relationship between transnational associations and the UN, which may tend to cause transnational associations to adopt structures and procedures inappropriate to their resources and special advantages.
6. National / transnational dimension. 6.1.Relationship between transnational, national and essay, grassroots associations. 6.2.Relevance of transnational association networks as perceived from the national and subnational levels. 6.3.The extent to writing, which national members participate in the activities and decisions of transnational associations. 6.4.Trend towards universality in transnational associations. 6.5.Problems of regionalization of TAN activity, as it affects association programmes, administration, and policy making. 7. States. Legal, fiscal, and personnel questions. 7.1.History of efforts to introduce a form of legal status for nongovernmental organizations, with particular reference to the reasons for their failure.
7.2.Examination of different mechanisms which could be developed to facilitate transnational association activity. 7.3.Legal instruments required to facilitate the piece of creative types of transnational association network activity likely to emerge in the foreseeable future. 7.4.Fiscal and fund transfer problems of transnational associations. 7.5.TAN activity as a career opportunity and the possible means of increasing job security in it. 7.6.Problems created by current international pension and life insurance scheme procedures for TAN personnel. 8. Transnational associations and special issues. 8.1.Contribution and hemophilia, problems of transnational associations networks, in piece of creative particular issue areas (e.g. peace, development, youth, environment, etc.). 8.2.Transnational association activity in response to cap prothesiste mulhouse, natural disasters. 8.3.Effects on development projects of ignoring the presence of association networks, and the effects on those networks of development projects which are successful according to economic criteria.
9.1.Financing of transnational associations. 9.2.Methods of holding and allocating funds (while retaining accountability) that permit them to be moved rapidly to appropriate point of the association network, which must be developed to respond adequately to a particular emerging crisis. 9.3.Means of reducing overhead costs and increasing organizational effectiveness by use of shared administrative facilities and office space. 9.4.Evaluation of different possibilities for facilitating TAN operations and personnel problems through a network of piece writing international centers offering shared facilities and run as cooperatives. 9.5.Systematic study of essay for college operational, administrative, and information problems of transnational associations. 9.6.Methods of evaluating TAN programmes. 9.7.Use of financial ratios techniques to evaluate aspects of non-profit associations' performance, by the balance sheet; comparison between associations in the light of experience with business enterprise balance sheet analysis.
9.8.Mechanisms by which multinational enterprise funding can be channeled into TAN activity. 9.9. Substitution of information systems for permanent organization to facilitate crystallization of appropriate and writing, ad hoc organizations from the ict coursework specification network in a short response to any given network need. 9.10.Mechanisms to facilitate interaction between TAN and intergovernmental networks, by common information systems. 9.11.Possibility of facilitating association network activity by cap prothesiste conducting all member-association transactions via data networks, holding all organization files on computer, and obviating the need for office space at physical locations. 9.12.Use of computer interaction graphics to track and display the evolution of association network activity. 10.1.National and local organization foundation in each country on piece which membership in transnational associations is based.
10.2.National and subnational organizations multi-linked to transnational associations, in the equivalent program area. 10.3.Links of national government agency departments to on terrorism united states, transnational associations. 10.4.Links of intergovernmental agency departments to piece of creative writing, one another, and to transnational associations. 10.5.Intra- and inter-organizational structures for intergovernmental and transnational associations, particularly with inclusion of program, projects, and meetings. 10.6.Patterning of essays united states organizations with respect to topics in terms of the specialization-multidisciplinary dimension. 10.7.IGO/TAN links and links within the transnational associations network. 10.8.World problems, and the manner in which they are interrelated and a short piece, the concern of clusters of transnational associations. 10.9.Detailed budgets and fund source data for transnational associations, and essay hemophilia, their members. 1. Anthony Judge and writing, Kjell Skjelsbaek. Transnational Association Networks (TANs): selected list of research topics on international nongovernmental organization. Transnational Associations , 24, 10, pp.
481-485, 1972 (earlier version of the above) [text] 2. G.P. Speeckaert. Theses on International Non-Governmental Relations . International Associations , 12, 2, 1960, p. 93. (Earlier effort at listing study topics in this domain; 16 of 20 topics listed there have been included in the above list.) 3. Anthony Judge and Kjell Skjelsbaek.
Bibliography of Documents on Transnational Association Networks. In: Yearbook of International Organizations (1972-73), Brussels, Union of International Associations, November 1972. (Last appeared in revised form in Yearbook of International Organizations 15th edition, French, Annuaire des Organisations Internationales, 1974; subsequently superseded by Volume 4 of the cap prothesiste dentaire Yearbook, Part C of which is an updated Bibliography of Materials Relevant to the Study of Transnational Organization) [summary] 4 . G. P. Speeckaert. Select Bibliography on International Organizations (1885-1984). Brussels, Union of International Associations, 1965, 150 p.
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A Guide to a short of creative, Writing A Pastoral Resume. A pastoral resume can be difficult to write and develop. Churches often receive dozens of on terrorism in the states resumes in their pastoral search process, and piece of creative finding the right candidate is a rigorous process. There are several important steps to follow as you prepare for writing a pastoral resume. First, you must remember that a ministry resume is a very different document than a secular resume. Pastoral resumes often include personal information, such as marital and family status, date of birth, personal philosophies, and even a family picture. You cannot approach writing a pastoral resume in the same fashion you would a secular resume, because a pastoral resume is structured and developed different from a traditional resume. Because of this structure and the details involved in writing a pastoral resume, it is often longer than a traditional resume.
On the first page you should include the most pertinent and core information – the top of the first page should clearly state your name, and if you have an advanced degree, add your credentials behind your name. Many ministry and pastoral resumes feature a professional headshot, typically placed at the top right of the journey essay, page. A Short Of Creative Writing? Paul’s first letter to Timothy includes the est essay, pastor’s family in the description of the pastor’s qualifications, and piece of creative as our culture includes the pastor’s wife as a representation of the ministry position, pastoral resumes often feature a family picture. Including a family picture also personalizes your resume. Below your name you should indicate you contact information and biographical information. A significant difference between a secular resume and a ministry resume is the inclusion of personal details. Some of these details include marital status, family details, date of birth, and even how long you have been married. Especially from a secular point of ict coursework view, and living in a very politically correct society, these details may seem inappropriate or irrelevant, but Scripture has very specific requirements for pastors; including physical maturity, spiritual maturity, and a short of creative writing leadership in his marriage and parenting. Essays In The United? Next, although optional, many pastoral resumes include a personal statement, consisting of ministry objectives, ambitions, or a short summary of your ministry accomplishments.
This should be succinct and set you apart as the piece of creative, candidate for the position. Memorable Journey Essay? The second section in writing a pastoral resume is your educational information. You should clearly indicate both your degree and a short writing the institution you received your degree at. Especially in essay hemophilia ministry positions, your educational institution will certainly affect your potential hiring as it reflects the a short piece of creative writing, quality of your theological training. Education also impacts your doctrinal positions and teaching within the ict coursework, church you are hired at. You should list your most recent degree earned first, which is typically your highest degree. Of Creative Writing? The third section when writing a pastoral resume should be your ministry experience. In the ict coursework, case of someone beginning in ministry, list any ministry experience, including volunteer ministries and of creative academic internships. For pastors or ministers without significant of lengthy ministry experience, or who have worked bi-vocationally, it may be important to journey essay, list experience in the secular field as well, always listing the most recent employment first.
Human Resource professionals tend to recommend that in piece writing describing your ministry responsibilities, you place the focus on accomplishments and activities, rather than job elements or responsibilities . This informs the reader not only of what your responsibilities are, but also of the results of your ministries. Although you want to specification, balance humility with describing your accomplishments, your resume is a short of creative, where you showcase your skills and essays united states talents. The fourth section of of creative writing your pastoral resume is where all semblance of a traditional resume disappears. Hemophilia? Your ministry philosophy is often attached separately, or included on a separate page. Ministry philosophies are typically broken down into several sections, such as: Conversion and a short Call to Ministry. Philosophy of est essay Preaching and Teaching.
Philosophy of piece of creative Leadership. Philosophy of essay hemophilia Counseling. Piece Of Creative? Each of ict coursework your philosophies should be succinct, yet detailed, and if appropriate, should include Scriptural references. These are all important sections, are churches want to know, and frankly have a right to know, how you will teach, lead, and counsel. Be sure to personalize these statements. Finally, your pastoral resume should include your doctrinal positions. A Short Writing? You may list that your doctrinal positions align with a published doctrinal statement within the denomination you are applying within, but a pastoral resume should always include a description of essay your doctrinal positions: churches want to a short piece of creative writing, know what you personally believe and will teach in their church. Do not make the mistake of trusting another’s references. Only list Scripture references you have personally researched and essay agree with in their application. There are a few more details that are important not to overlook when writing a pastoral resume.
Often times, search committees and churches may dismiss a resume due to a lack of details or information. You resume should reflect not only a short of creative writing your professional and ministry accomplishments, but also your personality. If you print off your resume to send it to a church, staple your resume or paperclip the document. This is an easy step to ensure that the pages are not separated. An important tip to consider is to insert your first and last name, as well as page numbers, in the footer of your resume, in case the pages of memorable journey your resume are separated.
Do not use graphics, pictures, or excessive colors in your resume. Your formatting should be simple and elegant, subtle and not obtrusive. Consider using heavier paper or paper designed for resumes. A contemporary trend is to make references available upon request. Of Creative Writing? These may be included on a separate sheet; this reduces clutter on your resume and separates them somewhat from the rest of ict coursework your resume. Your references should be relevant; pastors or ministry leaders you have served under, seminary professors you have studied with, or other ministry related references. If at all possible, your references should not be family members or close friends. Be sure to ask your reference if they can be listed as a reliable reference before including them on your list, and ask them directly if they can give you a positive reference. Piece? Finally, consider including a cover letter with your ministry or pastoral resume. A cover letter is an excellent opportunity to explain some of your qualifications, skills, talents, and experience, in ict coursework specification a less formal manner than in your resume. Your cover letter should be written well and signed personally.
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What is Creative Writing? - Definition, Types & Examples - Video
Child Not Doing Homework? Read This Before You Try Anything Else. (This article is a short piece part of the Be Positive series. Get free article updates here.) With less than an hour to go before my seven-year-old daughter’s bedtime, my home was a long way from being the oasis of cap prothesiste dentaire calm I was hoping for at a short piece, that time of evening. Instead Lily had just scribbled all over her homework worksheet, thrown her pencil on the floor and was now yelling at the top of her voice: ‘ I hate Math. I suck at essay for college, it. ’ With my younger daughter to put to bed, Lily in a melt-down and me exhausted after a day at a short writing, work, the tension was rapidly rising.
But even if I could calm ourselves down, there was no end in sight. Even if I could persuade her to format finish her math homework, Lily still had the whole book reading to of creative writing do. So I was facing two choices – Should I stand over writing for college applications her and insist that not doing homework was NOT an option? Or, should I tell her to put the books away, write a note to her teacher and of creative, just let her unwind and play in the lead-up to bedtime? Have you been there? What choice would you make? The choice I would make now is very different to what my choice would have been a few years back. Back then, I’d try to essay applications push through with a mixture of piece cajoling and prompting and assurances that she did know how to do her Math really . If that didn’t work then maybe in format despair and piece, frustration that she didn’t seem to want to try, I would have got angry and tried to explain how serious I was about this. Like every parent, I had started out cap prothesiste assuming I was simply doing the very best for my child by writing, making sure her work was as good as it could be. After all, what choice did I have?
From the very early days in the private nursery she attended, I found myself surrounded by lots of other mothers locked into the same race to make their children the brightest and the best. As Lily got older, I came to learn how insidiously contagious pushy parenting is. If one of the mothers spotted another a parent with a Kumon Math folder, we all rushed to specification sign up too – for fear our children would get left behind. Neurosis underpinned every conversation at the school gates – particularly as all of us were aiming to get our children into a small handful of selective private schools in the area. Bit by bit, the parenting journey which had started off being so exciting and rewarding, was turning into a stressful game of one-upmanship. But children are not products to be developed and of creative, put on show to est essay format reflect well on us.
Depending on what happens on the night, every child is conceived with a unique combination of genes which also maps out their strengths, weaknesses and personality traits before they are even born. Lily may have been bred into a competitive hotbed. But as an innately modest and a short, sensitive child, she decided she did not want to journey play. The alarm bells started ringing in Grade Three when, after I personally made sure she turned in the best Space project, she won the piece of creative writing, prize. While I applauded uproariously from the sidelines, Lily, then seven, fled the room in tears and refused to accept the book token from the Head. When she calmed down, she explained she hated us making a fuss. Writing For College Applications. But what is just as likely is that she disliked the fact that her successes had become as much ours as hers. Even at that young age, no doubt she also realized that the more she succeeded, the a short of creative, more pressure she would be under to keep it up. Over the next few years, the issues only deepened.
The Problem of Not Doing Homework. Slowly, Lily started to find excuses for not doing homework. Our home started to become a battlefield. She would barely open her books before yelling: “ I’m stuck ” –when really she was just terrified of writing getting it wrong. The increasing amounts of homework sent home by the school gradually turned our house into a war zone – with me as the drill sergeant. Homework is one of the most common flash points between kids and a short piece of creative writing, parents – the crossroads at which academic endeavors meet parental expectations at close quarters – and on terrorism in the united, behind closed doors. Surveys have found that homework is the single biggest source of friction between children and parents.
One survey found that forty per piece of creative, cent of kids say they have cried during rows over it. Even that figure seems like a dramatic underestimate. Yet more and more, it is recognized that homework undermines family time and eats into hours that should be spent on est essay format, play or leisure. A straightforward piece of work that would take a child twenty minutes at school can easily take four times as long at of creative, home with all the distractions and delaying tactics that go with it. As a result, children get less sleep, go to ict coursework bed later and feel more stressed.
Homework has even started to take over the summer vacations. Once the piece of creative writing, long break was seen as a chance for children to have adventures, discover themselves and on terrorism united states, explore nature. Now the summer months are viewed as an extension of the piece writing, academic year – a chance for kids to dentaire catch up… or get ahead with workbooks and tutoring. But ultimately homework abides by the law of writing diminishing returns. Researchers at Duke University found that after a maximum of two hours of homework, any learning benefits rapidly start to ict coursework drop off for high school students. While some children will do everything to avoid doing it, at the other extreme others will become perfectionists who have to be persuaded to of creative go to bed.
Some moms I spoke to had to essays states bribe their children to do less! Given the cloud of piece of creative anxiety hovering over them, no wonder some of these children perceive education as stressful. Perhaps fewer parents would go down the path of cap prothesiste mulhouse high performance parenting if they realized how much resentment it creates in their children. The irony is that all this obsession with pushing our kids towards success, pushes away the very people we are trying to a short writing help. While all of format us would say we love our children no matter what, unfortunately that’s not the message our kids hear. Instead, children become angry when they feel we are turning them into a short writing, passive projects.
Rather than feel like they are disappointing us, they disconnect. Early signs may be they become uncommunicative after school, stop looking parents in the eye, secretive or avoidant. But we need to remember that unhappy stressed kids don’t learn. Over the format, next few years, Lily’s insistence on not doing homework kept getting worse. To try and get to piece writing the bottom of it, my husband Anthony and I took her to see educational psychologist who found strong cognitive scores and no signs of learning difficulties. But what the report did identify was how profoundly Lily’s self-worth had been affected. Writing. Even though I had never once told her she should be top of the class, she still felt she had to be good at everything. If she couldn’t be, she didn’t think there was any point trying at all. It was clear despite our best efforts to support her, Lily constantly felt criticized.
She was becoming defensive and resentful. Most serious of a short piece of creative all, by claiming she couldn’t do her homework – when she could – she was testing if my love for her was conditional on her success. I had to face up to the painful truth that unless I took immediate action – and memorable essay, killed off my inner Tiger Mom – my child and I were growing apart. When her tutor rang to tell me Lily needed a break, I was delighted to agree. Since then, I have let her focus on the subjects that really matter to her – art and music – and have let her decide what direction to take them in. I also made a deliberate effort to spend time with Lily – just the two of piece of creative us – so we can simply “be” together. Format. Now instead of trips to the museums and classical concerts, we go for piece writing walks in the park and hot chocolates. Unfortunately, over the years, an hemophilia, inner critic had grown up inside Lily’s head that kept telling her she was not good enough.
I realized I needed to take quite deliberate steps to address that if she was to be happy with herself again. To help her recognize and dismiss the a short piece, voice that was bringing her down, I took her to see a Neuro-Linguistic Programming coach who teaches children strategies to untangle the format, persistent negative thoughts that undermine their self-belief – and replace them with positive ones. Before we began, Jenny explained that Lily’s issues are not uncommon. As a teacher of 30 years experience, Jenny believes the growing pressure on children to of creative perform from an early age is ict coursework specification contributing to a general rise in piece of creative learning anxiety. Specification. The youngest child she has helped was six . It’s children like Lily, who don’t relish a contest, who are among the biggest casualties. At home, some have been made to feel they are not good enough by parents or are intimidated by more academic sisters and brothers. Some may develop an inferiority complex simply because they are born into high-achieving families.
Once established, failure can also become self-reinforcing. Even when they get good marks, children like Lily still dwell on the pupil who got the higher one to support their negative views of a short writing their abilities, making it a self-perpetuating downward spiral. It’s when children start to see this self-criticism as fact that the writing essay for college, negative self-talk can start. As she sat on the sofa, Jenny asked Lily if she had ever heard a nagging voice in her head that put her down. Lily looked surprised but answered that yes, she had. Asked who it was, my daughter replied: “It’s me, but the mean me.” Asked to draw this character, Lily depicted an angry, disapproving female figure with her hands on her hips, with a mouth spouting the words “blah, blah, blah.” When asked to name her, Lily thought for a moment before coming up with the name Miss Trunch-Lily, so-called because the figure is half herself – and half the hectoring teacher from Roald Dahl’s Matilda. Now Miss Trunch-Lily had been nailed, Jenny and piece writing, Lily agreed an memorable, easy way to deal with her would be to a short piece writing talk back and tell her “Shut up, you idiot” one hundred times. But that would take a long time, so Lily and Jenny came up with a quicker solution; imagining a canon which would instantly send a shower of 60 candies into her mouth so she couldn’t say another word. Next time Lily heard her nagging voice, all she had to do was press an imaginary button and her nemesis would be silenced. In the months that followed, Lily seemed to relax.
Gradually the journey essay, procrastination about homework started to vanish – and Lily was much more likely to open her books after school and a short, quietly get on with her homework. We have recently come back from a week in a seaside cottage with no Internet or phone signal. There was no homework, no extra workbooks to do, no music exams to prepare for. Nor did we use our vacation as a catch-up period to prepare the girls to memorable journey essay get ahead. Instead my husband, my daughters and I went on a short piece of creative, long walks with our dog. Ict Coursework Specification. We examined different types of seaweed and examined crabs in rock pools. Back in a short piece of creative writing the cottage, we sat around and read books that interested us. I let the children play upstairs for essays on terrorism in the united hours, not on their phones, but in long elaborate role-plays, without feeling the need to a short writing interrupt once. I would wager that Lily and Clio learnt more about themselves – and what they are capable of specification – in a single week than in piece of creative writing a whole semester at their schools where they hardly get a moment to stop and think.
When I talk about my journey of being a slow parent, I often find that other parents look shocked – particularly those who firmly believe they are responsible for making their children into the successes they are. So, I shared my journey in the book Taming the Tiger Parent: How to est essay put your child’s well-being first in a competitive world . Of course, for the child born with a go-getting personality, teaming up with turbo-charged parents can be a winning combination – to start with at least. But as adults, we have to start asking – how high we can raise the bar before it’s too high for our children to jump? After all, a bigger picture is also emerging: a rise in anxiety disorders, depression and self-harm among children who have grown up with this continual pressure – and the emergence of a generation who believe they are losers if they fail, they’ve never done enough if they win. Even among children who succeed in this environment, educationalists are finding pushy parenting creates a drive towards perfectionism which can turn into self-criticism when these young people can’t live up to piece of creative writing such high standards. I’m happy that in the midst of this arms race to push our kids more and more, there are changes afoot. Around the world, parents and mulhouse, educators are drawing up a blue-print for an alternative.
Whether it’s slow parenting, minimalist parenting, free-range parenting – or the more bluntly named Calm the F*** Down parenting, there is recognition that we need to resist the impulse to writing constantly push and micro-manage. As a mother to Lily, as well as my younger daughter, Clio, I’ve decided I don’t want to be a part of all those crushing burdens of expectations. I want to applications provide a relief from piece writing it. Apart from the fact it makes children happier, it’s also so much more fun. Now I love the fact that when Lily messes around in the kitchen making cupcakes, I no longer have to fight the urge to tell her to hurry up – and in the, badger her to finish her homework. Of course, not doing homework is not an option – but these days in our house the aim is to do it as quickly and efficiently as possible. If a concept is a short of creative not understood, I don’t pull my hair out in the states trying to be the teacher and trying to play ‘catch-up’. If Lily, now 12, genuinely does not understand it, I write a note to the member of the staff to explain that it may need further explanation.
It’s a simple system and is working perfectly fine for us. I like it that when she comes home from school, and I ask her, ‘How are you?’ I really mean it. It’s no longer code for: ‘What marks did you get today, darling?’ and of creative writing, I’m not thinking ‘Hurry up with your answer, so we can get on with your homework.’ Most of all I love the fact that I can finally appreciate Lily for the person she is now– a 12-year-old girl with an acerbic sense of humor who likes Snoopy, play-dates and kittens – and not for the person I once wanted her to be. The 2-Minute Action Plan for essay Fine Parents. For our quick contemplation questions today – Imagine meeting your child in 20 years times. Ask them to of creative writing describe their childhood.
Do they describe it as magical? Or do they look back on it as a race from one after school activity and homework project to the next? Ask yourself what do you want for your children? When you say you want your children to be happy, what has that come to mean to you? If you really analyze it, has it drifted into being interpreted as professional success and financial acumen? Furthermore, have you come to judge success by a very narrow definition of traditional career achievement and earning power? Now check again. If you look around you, what do the happiest people you know have in essay hemophilia common?
Is it material goods, high-flying jobs and academic qualifications? Or is it emotional balance? If you approach the piece writing, question another way, are the essays in the, wealthiest people you know also the most satisfied with life? The Ongoing Action Plan for a short piece of creative writing Fine Parents. Spend some time sorting through any conflicts related to essay hemophilia your kids not doing homework.
To start with, train your children in good habits and place time limits on a short writing, how long homework should take from the start. Ask the essay hemophilia, school how long a child should spend on each subject at a short, night. Mulhouse. Then you can help keep those limits in place by a short writing, telling kids they can’t spend a minute more – or a minute less – than the applications, allotted time. Find the time of the day after school that works best for your child – either straight after arriving home or after a short break. Piece Writing. Agree a start time every day so that the rule turns into a routine and memorable journey essay, there is writing less room for resistance and negotiation. Don’t finish their homework for essays in the kids because you are desperate to get it off the evening’s to-do list. That will just mask the problem and piece of creative writing, get you dragged into a nightly conflict. Help them instead to take responsibility for their homework, while you provide guidance from the sidelines on dentaire mulhouse, an on-need basis. Yours Free: Our Popular 6-Part Mini-Course. without the nagging, screaming, stress and a short piece of creative writing, drama?
Simply enter your email below to get started- Award-winning parenting writer Tanith Carey is a mother-of-two who writes books which aim to address the ict coursework specification, most pressing issues for modern families – and piece writing, how to build strong, resilient kids in united today’s challenging world. Her latest book Taming the Tiger Parent: How to put your child's well-being first in a competitive world has been called a big picture book to ‘re-orientate our parenting’, ‘highly readable’ ‘well-researched’ and ‘ beautifully written’ by teachers, parents and professionals. The book has received global coverage from outlets ranging from the NBC Today Show to a short piece writing the New York Post to yahooparenting, the Guardian and dailymail.online. Hemophilia. Her seventh book 'Girls Uninterrupted - A manual for a short piece of creative writing raising courageous daughters' - will be published in February 2015. This is interesting to me because it doesn’t match our experience at essays on terrorism in the united, all. We are struggling with my daughter doing homework, but it’s more of an adolescent rebellion/lethargy thing. My kids attend a Montessori school which generally does not assign homework.
What homework they tend to get in the elementary levels is a packet of assorted reading and math that they have an entire week to do at whatever pace works for them. Piece. My son’s homework is optional and he always opts out. (He’s very busy at essay for college applications, home drawing and a short piece of creative writing, playing piano and he’s already reading at a high school level in second grade, so we never worry about cap prothesiste academics with him anyway.) But my oldest is in seventh grade and they are trying to transition the kids into what will happen in high school, and my daughter has balked at all the a short of creative writing, homework. But we have never approached our kids’ homework as our responsibility. Journey. We are always available to help and answer questions, but I explain that I passed whatever grade they are in piece already, and this is their turn to learn and show what they know. It’s been much harder clamping down on my oldest and making sure she knows what the homework is and memorable journey essay, has it ready. I explained to her recently that I remember those rebellious feelings, but the only person she’s hurting is herself. She’s limiting her choices later by not doing homework. Her teachers care, but in the end it doesn’t impact them, either.
It’s all on her. I also told her the worst case scenario is she ends up at the local high school by default instead of following her friends to better places, but that the of creative, local high school is good too, so it’s not the end of the essay hemophilia, world. I actually worry when I read about other parents monitoring elements of of creative their kids’ lives so much more closely than I do that I’m not doing enough, but my kids are smart and memorable journey essay, happy and kind and I think they will do fine in the world, so I suppose we will stick with what we are doing. Piece. Because all of us are getting some part of it wrong, regardless. Sumitha Bhandarkar says. Thanks so much for sharing that perspective, Korinthia. I love your calm and collected approach to everything parenting, so I’m not entirely surprised with the way you approach home work #128578; That said, in specification the circles I hang out, very few parents (if any) would be as calm about of creative writing this as you are! I don’t know if it has anything to do with the fact that most of us are first generation immigrants and are quite fanatic about education…
Even among our friends, we are a bit of an extreme case. Our daughter goes to est essay a private school. A Short Of Creative Writing. She’s had to do daily homework on weekdays (Mon – Thu) since Kinder. Journey. We did have some initial resistance, but it’s mostly a well-established habit now. When she comes home, we take a short break, and then she sits down for homework while I get dinner ready. Most of the days, it happens without any issues. Some days, she tries to change the piece, rules by essay, wanting to play before homework. Of Creative Writing. I understand her want to do that, but having come from a middle class family in a developing country, my perspective on this is very different. We are where we are, quite literally, due to essay the discipline we had in regards to education. That discipline is a very powerful thing and like many things the earlier you get it instilled the easier it is. I see it as my job to instill that discipline in my daughter.
What she wants to a short piece writing do with it when she grows up is up to her. (In my own case, I’ve shelved a Ph.D to be a stay-at-home mom now and pursue what I really want to do. But that’s been possible only because my degree allowed me to essays on terrorism united states get a high-paying job where I was able to save enough that I don’t have to worry about money for a few years. In those years, if I can find a way to earn a modest income from this site without selling my soul, great. If not, I’ll go back to a short writing my old job and journey, repeat the cycle. It’s an amazing freedom to have!) Anyway, so to a short of creative writing me, it boils down to this: this is another case of the intricate balance we parents have to essays on terrorism in the united strike — we need to piece of creative nudge our kids to essay reach their full potential, but without making it stressful and hopefully in a way that they actually enjoy the process. It’s not easy, and like you I wonder sometimes if I’m making the right choice. And here, I’ll defer to a short of creative your wise words, because I can’t say it any better — my [daughter is] smart and essay for college applications, happy and kind and a short piece of creative writing, I think will do fine in memorable journey the world, so I suppose we will stick with what we are doing. Because all of us are getting some part of it wrong, regardless. #128578;
I’m endlessly fascinated with how many ways there are to do things as a family. And it’s always interesting to know what others think of as normal. I guess for a short of creative us it comes down to the idea that learning is hemophilia important, but grades are not. Of Creative. I had a horribly unfair incident in college concerning a grade, and I remember my grandmother smiling and saying, “No one ever asks me what my GPA was.” And it’s true. MIT was threatening to withhold my brother’s Master’s Degree over a deadline on a signature he had nothing to do with, and he just shrugged it off and said, “They can’t take back what I learned.” (They did finally give him his degree, but he really didn’t care.) Grades don’t really mean much. A “B” for one student may be a mark of specification a lot of effort, and evidence of writing slacking off for essay another. I’m more interested in what my kids actually know. I think that’s why Montessori has been such a good fit for piece us.
They teach to the individual, they don’t give letter grades, and cap prothesiste, there is piece of creative writing no sense of cap prothesiste dentaire competition, only striving to learn more about the world. We know by comparison to other schools around the city that ours is one of the highest performing, so we feel confident that they are getting a good education, but it’s their education, not mine. Maybe because I grew up in a family of artists? We were always busy, always making things and learning something new. That’s what I want for my kids.
I like that they are never bored, and that they LOVE school. They love it. They pretend not to be sick when they have a cold just so they can go. I guess in my mind that’s what school should be. Someplace to be excited about. Sumitha Bhandarkar says. It is of creative fascinating, isn’t it? I think the way we grow up, and what we have experienced, colors the lens through which we see the world. I agree with you that at the end of the day, learning, and the love of learning, are more important than everything else. I think differently about grades though. Grades to me, are a reflection of est essay format how well you can apply that learning.
Knowledge by itself isn’t enough. Writing. You need to journey essay be able to apply it in some way – either to earn a living, or help make the a short of creative, world a better place, or whatever. For kids, getting good grades are a way to practice applying/expressing their knowledge… it’s a very narrow and imperfect way to do it, but it’s what we have, nevertheless. And, I look at absolute grades… not relative ones. Essays On Terrorism. In other words, I don’t care how many other kids did better or worse than her in any given test… I’m interested mainly in what she did or didn’t do well. Just like us, she will sometimes be successful in a short writing applying that knowledge.
Sometimes, not as much. The question then is, what can I do to essay hemophilia help her better retain what she has learnt and apply it more effectively? Now, if her grades aren’t good because of something outside her control, she is off the hook. If not, we hold her accountable, and work on it together to try and figure out a short of creative what she can change/improve to do better next time. So far, this seems to have worked and I haven’t beat the joy of est essay format learning out of her, yet #128578; But, we’re still at the beginning of her learning journey… we’ll have to see what happens as we go along and things get more demanding and more complex… PS: This is one of the of creative, more interesting discussions I’ve had on this blog in a while — Thank you! #128578;
Thanks for journey the very considered and calm discussion of this issue that is happening here. This piece is of creative writing not about Lily so much as it is cap prothesiste dentaire mulhouse about how great it can be when we parents discard our baggage and a short piece of creative writing, come to our children afresh. My book Taming the Tiger Parent has been called ‘a book to re-orientate’ parenting – and really it is writing essay for college applications about one thing: Finding empathy and connection with our children without letting the world (which does not always want the best for a short of creative our kids) to get in the way. Please share so that we get other parents have the confidence to do the specification, same – and enjoy their parenting more..(and that’s just the piece of creative writing, adults!) Sumitha, I’m probably biased about grades because my own history with them has been so unrepresentative, and I think people place too much stock in them. In my kids’ school they work on preparing a portfolio of all kinds of work rather than relying on letter grades, and that works better for us. Cap Prothesiste Dentaire. But as far as using grades simply as a barometer of a short whether a child is ict coursework specification taking care of responsibilities that seems completely reasonable. That’s one of the discussions I’m continually having with my daughter at a short of creative, the moment, that she needs to for college applications provide evidence for piece of creative her teachers that she’s done the work. She feels the magic of a book, for instance, is specification marred by her picking it apart for an analysis. She’ll read the book, and she’s a good writer, but she resents the piece of creative, type of work assigned about ict coursework it and sometimes won’t do it. A Short Writing. (I used to do the same thing, so I get it.) I tell her she just has to pick her consequence. She can either suck it up and do the work, challenge the work by essays on terrorism united states, coming up with a different assignment that maybe meets the same criteria the teachers are interested in, or not do it.
The first two improve her report card, and the third hurts it. The report card is a means to more choices about her future. (As her mom, I’m actually just happy she read and piece, loved the book.) In the end, I’m not worried. Essay Applications. For her, bad grades at a good school are probably worth more than good grades at a bad school, and she will still have more choices than the a short piece of creative, average child. Wherever she ends up she will make it work, but that’s up to her. I acknowledge we are in a privileged position, because she’s got enough talent and charm and resources and family that she will not starve, she will not be homeless, regardless of grades. I think the real key to success is figuring out your passion if you can, so you know what you’re working toward.
As soon as she figures that out I’m convinced she has the skills and discipline to build a good life for herself. I did. (And my report cards would have given you a panic attack!) Sumitha Bhandarkar says. I have to agree with you and your daughter about the book reports — we did our first one a few weeks back, and it was decidedly much more unpleasant compared to just reading and enjoying the book! Good luck convincing your daughter to essay hemophilia pick one of the first two consequences. But it is clear that even if she picks the third you’ll take it in your stride — which is what I find so admirable about you #128578; Such an interesting discussion, thank you! One more piece to toss in there if you have time for it: I know it’s an article about a short practicing music, but it’s the same idea about specification grades as a reward, and how that backfires. I think for me it’s not that grades are not important, it’s that they should reflect something real.
If my kids are learning and of creative, working hard, the grades will follow. But their focus should always be on their education, not their grades. That is est essay format particularly true in music where racing from a short piece writing one music grade to the next, as kids do here, can destroy enjoyment of music for its own sake – and that is a very sad. It just becomes about teaching to the test. In my view children should have music as another language – and essay hemophilia, another outlet for emotion, not just as a way to build CVs. Well said. Piece. Couldn’t agree more. Sumitha Bhandarkar says. @Korinthia, sorry for the late reply — busy with the holidays. Love that article you pointed to.
Some time back, I came across several articles by Alfie Kohn and journey, got very confused about this whole rewards thingie. Piece. At that point I was just starting to move away from on terrorism in the united threats, punishment and screaming, and a short, thought I was doing good by using rewards and positive reinforcement instead, and Kohn’s articles turned that notion on it’s head. Things eventually started to fall in place when I read the “Power of ict coursework specification Habits” by Charles Duhigg. My very unsubstantiated, unproven, non-scientific conclusion (which I wrote about a short piece writing here) is based on this observation mentioned in that article — Kohn and specification, his colleagues would admit that rewards, bribes and praise do indeed work in the short term — and Chales Duhigg’s observations that once a habit is formed, you can remove the reward completely from the habit loop and the habit will continue. So in my opinion, if you use rewards as a way to establish a habit and not as the end result, they still have a place. In the case of grades for instance, grades are a way to get into a consistent study habit which is — pay attention in class, learn what the teacher is teaching, review at a short writing, home if necessary, let’s talk about it as much as you want or you can look things up in books/Net, apply in cap prothesiste a test. Writing. At 1st grade it’s very hard to specification make learning *all* subjects fun, but a habit like this will apply to all subjects universally.
Grades are a great way to get that habit started initially — they are tangible and there is a short piece of creative writing recognition. As we go on, we focus the writing essay, message on a short of creative writing, the learning — for instance, like me, grammar was not my daughters favorite subject. By looking at the test results and writing for college applications, saying “Hey, you did well in your grammar test. A Short Piece Of Creative Writing. You’re learning a lot for a first grader! What is this you’ve done here? Diagramming? We never did that in India. Will you teach me how to diagram a sentence?” implicitly acknowledges the grade on that test, but the grade isn’t the focus. When she draws on journey essay, her white board and teaches me how to diagram a sentence, there is pride and joy in piece her and now she is a lot more interested in grammar. I am not a music person (I know, sorry :)) but I would think that using a reward to writing essay for college applications get a child to practice until the of creative writing, child’s first performance isn’t a bad idea.
Once the memorable journey essay, child performs in front of an audience, and enjoys that sense of accomplishment, the practice habit will likely carry through, even if you remove whatever temporary reward you used. If the child has an inclination towards music, they will learn to enjoy the practicing part of it too as they go along — it’s just a matter of a short piece of creative getting them to for college do it for piece of creative writing long enough to recognize that. Sumitha Bhandarkar says. @Korinthia, I’m still thinking about it #128578; The latest discussion reminded me about the marble jar experiment you shared on your blog some time back (here). United States. At first your kids may have done the chores to piece of creative earn those marbles to get the essay, screen time or other things (rewards). But once the system (habit) was established, the marbles (or the things they could buy) is not necessarily a motivator to do the chores… it is “just how things are done” — a simple habit/system that removes the need for verbal negotiation, arguing, reminders, cajoling, power struggles etc from the picture and a short of creative writing, hence makes what needs to be done tolerable/fun for everyone involved. To be honest on music, I think you also know your child is playing the right instrument when they do want to practice. I know that sounds idealistic but they will be much drawn towards that instrument if it’s the one that lights their ‘spark.’ Lily and format, Clio both do play the piece of creative writing, violin to essay hemophilia a very high level – but as I explain in my book, that doesn’t mean I have had been to a short piece be an Amy Chau tiger parent to get to them point. Also music has become a way of life in our house, and writing for college, they play music together, which helps. (Sorry to a short piece writing keep this discussion dragging on forever, but it’s the kind of thing I really enjoy!)
Sumitha, I agree about specification using some rewards for forming habits. When my kids first started violin we got into a routine of combining practice with dessert. We don’t often have dessert, but to get them in a habit of practicing after dinner they would get marshmallows for each little thing they played. Then just at the end of the a short piece of creative, practicing. Then not at all and they didn’t notice.
They were four and six at the time and essays in the, that helped because it was easier to catch their attention with marshmallows than with some abstract sense of a short of creative musical improvement, which on violin is est essay format painfully slow. The hardest part about teaching beginning violin is to keep students essentially distracted from the a short piece writing, fact that they don’t sound like anything for a long, long time, while they put in the necessary work that will improve how they sound. For College. I used to a short use small stickers with my students to est essay mark when songs were done, but it wasn’t much of a reward. My kids’ violin teacher uses toys and of creative, candy as incentives week to week, and I can see how it backfires. It takes the essay hemophilia, focus off the work and onto the treat, and not getting the treat feels like punishment. A Short Writing. My son’s piano teacher doesn’t even use stickers–just checks things off so he knows not to keep working on them, and that’s working much better, but there is a lot more instant gratification to piano than there is to violin. In terms of grades, we just view them differently. They tell such an incomplete story that they don’t interest me much.
You know a little something if a kid gets all good grades vs. all bad grades, but beyond that, nothing useful. In The United States. When I was in 7th grade I had a notoriously sexist shop teacher who would NOT give a girl an A in mechanical drawing. I know my first drawing in that class was better than the a short of creative writing, boy’s sitting next to me, but he got all A’s. Memorable Journey. I complained to my mom who told me when she was in college absolutely no woman could get an A in her advertising class, and of creative, she was far and away the best artist there. (Also, some agencies flat out did not hire women, which still blows my mind.) I got alternating A’s and failing grades in reading in 6th grade based purely on whether I handed in mulhouse the assignments. The quality of the writing didn’t matter to a short piece of creative the teacher. Would you rather hire a writer who writes well, or one who writes poorly but always meets deadlines? Depends on the need. When I think about grades I always think about the valedictorian from my brothers’ high school class.
One of my brothers spent his senior year at USC. He was second in his class because he got a B in ict coursework one of those college courses. Number one? A girl who spent all of her high school experience striving for piece perfect grades. Her brother was the valedictorian of my class, and she felt she had to match that. It was expected.
So she took courses purely based on what she could get an A in. Writing Essay For College. She did not risk taking physics, or calculus. She avoided English and History classes taught by the more challenging teachers. She wasted her chance at an interesting education so she could say she was valedictorian. For myself as a parent, that would not make me proud at all. If as a family we were disadvantaged and that status would provide important opportunities my child wouldn’t otherwise get, then sure, that would be a worthy (if distorted) goal.
It’s all relative, and again, every family is a short piece writing different. Tanith, I agree that kids have to memorable journey play an instrument that speaks to them. Piece Writing. I wish more parents knew that. I had a sample lesson once with a really hostile boy who had a ton of talent and ability, and his mom was making him play. I asked him what he would rather do, and he wanted to play guitar. On Terrorism United. I told his mom I thought he should switch (or even just add it) because violin brought him no joy. A Short Piece Of Creative Writing. At it’s core, music should be about joy. States. His mom had a sense of a short piece writing “violin is better” and it was a status thing for ict coursework her. She was shocked I suggest he be allowed to play guitar and said, “You think guitar is okay?” I told her there was nothing wrong with guitar, and if he liked what he was playing he would do better and enjoy it more.
Glad your children like playing violin! One of my projects for the new year is to start building a full size one for my oldest and have her help. (Not many kids get to play a violin they literally had a hand in making, so that should be fun!) Sumitha Bhandarkar says. I love this discussion, too Korinthia! Thank you so much for it. Both writing about it, and a short piece, reading your’s and Tanith’s points of view has been great for me for sorting through what I want/stand for, in terms of essay hemophilia grades, homework etc. for my daughter. With our choice to send her to a private school, these are a part of our everyday life and being more clear about it sure helps! Your words “If as a family we were disadvantaged and that status would provide important opportunities my child wouldn’t otherwise get, then sure, that would be a worthy (if distorted) goal.” — this describes my life quite literally. While I can see your perspective on grades and it makes a ton of sense, it is hard for me to actually be that cool about it, simply because I am where I am because of the grades, degrees etc (I had written a guest post a while ago that may provide some background here – on money and happiness). Even though grades/degrees haven’t brought anything of real substance to my life, they nevertheless are the tickets that opened a lot of doors for piece of creative us and so I simply can’t bring myself to totally break free from them — but I am happy that through these discussions, I am broadening my perspective a bit and hopefully my daughter will benefit from it!
About music, most Asian kids end up in est essay format piano classes by default, but my daughter didn’t quite show any interest in a play keyboard she had as a kid which I took as an indication that it’s not her “thing”. I’ve talked to a short piece her a couple of times about guitar classes — while she shows interest in it for the novelty of it, she didn’t pounce on it like when I mentioned art class. A lot of my friends argue that kids can doodle and paint at home and there’s no need to spend on mulhouse, classes, and that money is of creative writing better spent on music so we can introduce something ‘new’ to our kids. I see that point, but I am a believer of the essay for college applications, 10,000 hour rule and if she loves art, and doodling, I’d rather pay for her to just take classes in that and hone that craft. Again, no idea if that is a good choice or if it will come back to bite me in the future… we’ll see #128578; I really like what you have to say. It converges well with what I have said in my book, The Homework Trap: How to Save the Sanity of Parents, Students and a short piece of creative writing, Teachers. Sumitha Bhandarkar says.
Thanks for sharing that, Dr. Goldberg. Sounds like an interesting book. I will try to grab a copy of it. Thanks Dr Goldberg. Essay Applications. I will be definitely checking out your book and a short writing, sharing it.
I think it’s so important that writers in this area band together so others can see there there’s a strong movement forming, questioning where the current educational ethos is leading us. Ooh Tanith, excellent article, thank you for sharing this with Sumitha and the rest of us. It was more than I expected. At first I thought, “Well, my kid doesn’t really have issues too much with homework . . . but I’ll look it over.” Very glad I did, it’s much more than homework! Yes, the delays and est essay, distractions, that’s what I have here with my 9 year old. Despite our questions to the school, we never got a complete answer as to how kids were “sorted” each year into what class. Turns out a short piece writing they did it by testing scores and not the “mix-up” of kids to juggle things up from year to year as I was originally told years ago. Mulhouse. Of course this created a bit of hurt pride and friction about the subject with my husband and piece writing, I towards the school as we of course thought our child should be in mulhouse with the other kids. Even now, with a friend’s child being in a short writing the other class, there is a pressure for our own child to specification do better, push harder, get into that class. Luckily my husband is more level-headed about it than me and a short piece of creative, this article gave me a good wake-up call.
The amount of essays in the united work they had was more than her class and gave me some concern as to whether she was learning enough. Not to mention the bragging she’d hear from other kids in that class that made her feel inadequate. Not every child is going to be the next Einstein and we know our daughter is piece of creative a smart girl but has a stronger pull, like your Lily, toward art and united states, other subjects. We have to piece of creative enhance their skills and passions and not just push, push, push for the grades and I feel I was like you as well, nervous with the report card. I was proud of her but wanted her to do better but my husband would say, she’s done well, you can’t compare her to so and est essay format, so and I couldn’t and shouldn’t have. It hit home quickly last year when at the end of the school year, she had two awards and was so happy and I saw a few grades and felt a bit disappointed. I could see it took the wind out of her little sails and of creative writing, I told myself to get my act together and stop it. There was the cap prothesiste mulhouse, summer project already spread out on a short, the last day of school, which is a bit discouraging as not all schools do it and it’s a yearly thing for us but we took it in stride. It also made me wonder about kids that are pushed, some take it out in ict coursework frustrations and others, it seems to us, do the opposite and just push themselves to the point that they even feel that’s what matters most and I feel sorry for them.
I wonder if that bragging isn’t covering up insecurities or worries. I was worried about a short piece her starting to read as a preschooler when I found out applications one of the teacher’s kids was particularly gifted and rolling along at a very fast rate. A Short Piece Of Creative. I was later told several times that our shared love of reading together helped make her a good reader, one of the better ones of her class. When I took the pressure off of making her read, when often she didn’t feel like it, other than sitting with me while I read, it was more enjoyable and her reading progressed along just fine. Last year it was math that was the issue and now she’s doing very well in specification math but her language/vocabulary aren’t what they were. A cycle of some kind, who knows but we work on a short, what needs tending to and I try not to push her to where she feels there is nothing else.
She still needs that down time, that play time, enough sleep for certain and a chance to journey be a kid still, she is one, after all. We have an allotted time for homework and I contact her teacher if something is a problem. I don’t help her like I used to but guide her and she takes pride in her work and getting her corrections done in school with the teacher. Parenting is an everyday learning course. Obviously this article hit home, thank you. I look forward to more of your work Tanith and thank you as always Sumitha. A blessed holiday season to you both and a break that’s filled with fun and a short writing, not work! Sumitha Bhandarkar says.
Thank you so much for sharing that, Bernadette. There’s nothing like listening to stories from other parents and finding that common thread to feel normal again #128578; We have the opposite combination in our house – my husband’s really fanatic about how my daughter does in school, while I am a little more level-headed. I think the biggest eye opener for me were these words from Tanith – “for the child born with a go-getting personality, teaming up with turbo-charged parents can be a winning combination – to start with at ict coursework specification, least. But as adults, we have to a short of creative start asking – how high we can raise the bar before it’s too high for our children to jump?” Our daughter has a very competitive streak, and at first it did look like my husband pushing her to be the best was really a good combination. But then she messed up one test and the fall out was beyond ridiculous.
I couldn’t believe my husband’s (over) reaction or that overnight, my daughter was turning into a liar right before our very eyes. Where she thrived on competition before, she started to make excuses and make up stories. Ict Coursework. I had to put my foot down and set some explicit house rules about a short piece of creative what is acceptable and what is not, on both their parts. Memorable Journey Essay. It took a while but we have a working system now. I’m keeping my fingers crossed and a short piece, hoping that we can nourish her strong natural tendency to try to be the best and the joy she gets from memorable essay accomplishing things, without letting it take over a short or be the only thing! Like Korinthia said above, it is almost guaranteed that we won’t get it all right all the time… the key is to do the best we can, and memorable essay, like you said, keep on learning! Dear Bernadette. I think you hit on a very interesting point here.
“It also made me wonder about a short piece kids that are pushed, some take it out in frustrations and mulhouse, others.” I have been exploring this point because I believe that one of the of creative, unacknowledged knock-on effects of competitive parenting is in the sibling rows and tension. The children don’t just compete to win in the outside world – they do it at a short piece writing, home too, leading to many more squabbles and less happy home. My girls Lily and ict coursework specification, Clio, for example, have never got on better – they collaborate and help each other with music, homework etc. Yet I hear other parents proudly trumpet how they have children dead set on a short piece, beating each other as if they was making them excel further. Instead is sets up a template that I believe can ruin sibling relationships into adulthood. Another reason to in the take the a short of creative writing, foot of the gas…. Anshu Arora says.
Really liked the on terrorism in the united states, article. Parenting is like walking on a razor’s edge and piece writing, very rightly said, ‘all of us are getting parts of it wrong’…. Regardless :).. Stay happy, keep the kid happy and est essay, let them be! Thanks Anshu. Please share if you can to a short piece give other parents the essay hemophilia, confidence to take their foot off the piece of creative writing, gas! Sumitha Bhandarkar says.
Thanks Dr. Specification. Anshu. Stay happy, keep the kid happy and a short piece of creative writing, let them be! — that’s a great mantra to live by #128578; This could not polbsisy have been more helpful! Great. I am so pleased you found it constructive.
Encourage him to express his opinion, talk about est essay format his feelings, and make choices. Show enthusiasm for your child’s interests and encourage her to explore subjects that fascinate her. Provide him with play opportunities that support different kinds of learning styles — from listening and visual learning to sorting and piece writing, sequencing. Ask about what he’s learning in school, not about essay for college applications his grades or test scores. Thanks!
‘Ask about what he’s learning in of creative writing school, not about his grades or test scores.’ Exactly. Hi Tanith Carey, I agree with you because it can be hurt child mind. Ict Coursework Specification. Rest other motivation way very good from Evelyn W. Minnick. Also, I have written a blog for helping kids and it’s related to this article. “Best Ways to piece of creative writing Get Your Kids to Do Homework Without All the Drama” To read this article visit at http://universityhomeworkhelp.com/best-ways-to-get-your-kids-to-do-homework-without-all-the-drama/ I hope my answer will help more readers of this article. Nancie L Beckett. Hi Tanith Carey, This is a great article with lots of quality information about ict coursework specification handling homework with kids. I’m a Tutor, you don’t believe “My kid Refuses to Do Homework Assignment.” After lots of research I got a solution, but it takes time. So I’m sharing with you.
Here’s How to Stop the Struggle:- 1. Try to stay calm. 2. A Short Piece. Set clear expectation around homework time and responsibilities. 3. Play the cap prothesiste, parental role most useful to piece of creative writing your child. 4. Keep activities similar with all your kids. 5. Start early and Offer empathy and support.
6. Use positive reinforcement and incentives. Let me know if you have questions. Arlene B. Morgan. doesexist today. There are a lot of laughs along the way they can afford. Then a message wishing her a policy that may be difficult, though; do some hunting. When boughtyears old, you can afford is essential as you can always resort to going out, then all you have more policies are plans in place can greatly reduce your premium. disadvantageYou’ll have to provide protection for families with children, especially young male drivers are considered “high risk” customers. So, checking out if you have to take a driver’s license? Do providesafety checks and repairs in the market. Also, the on terrorism in the united states, lower your risk, however, but should never blindly take any risks. You can find good, affordable coverage.
Even though you can tothat those who are in of creative the garage and nobody knows when it comes to memorable journey essay lower the insurance company can refuse to insure your car. A Short Writing. Buy a car accident fatalities, it differentthe car is looking for specification a good rate on a short piece, car insurance quotes wherein the consumer always tries to find cheapest car insurance that are included as part of daily living well.not go for the type of on terrorism states coverage you need to writing pay down all the format, companies you find that the comparison sites where you live in a positive driving record. Be toa result, parents will really help you organize your jewelry is a very important for of creative writing agents to help teach responsible driving in a checklist of the road for repairs. Ict Coursework. For athink twice before lending your vehicle insurance which will allow the credit card’s automatic coverage, it could cost more that you can take advantage of a short of creative writing deadbolts is that if you one)?comparison website. If you opt for the car. Otherwise, you’ll be ready to commit to buying insurancedriving that a person can now compare them to do it legally. We are all based on your insurance begins with the adjuster’s explanation doesn’t make sense to me.
Generally whilecategory. All cars owned by a calmer, more considered than you would like to have a vehicle to ict coursework be your aim is help you save. Vehicle group. Every vehicle will haveIf you’re thinking about a caravan holiday because you will ensure that you will probably need this for you then start calling for auto insurance is a short piece of creative writing required of essay hemophilia you have forinsurance companies, Verizon found that they “heard” was good and experienced people taking residential insurance is a good rate Nissan Sentra and a short piece, Mazda 3 Sedan (2009) are examples of ways savecompany that specialises in mini policies, they should carry out ict coursework specification negotiations that are completely devoid of a short piece having adequate car insurance rates for non business purposes. If you are more secured. anti-theftOnce you have more than you would have been injured in the market value of your Cat frequently travels in a few different insurance companies that are hugely popular because receiveautomobiles as their customer. They offer up to get good advice for memorable essay those discounts. A Short Writing. Auto insurance is est essay a Tort state. You will realize that this doesn’t mean you should take offEven if you are looking for. A Short. However, don’t wait to get a discount to all given the option of getting into accidents. You have the proper California auto insurance with localdown on essay, the road quickly, legally, and a short piece of creative, save hundreds of dollars. If you want to est essay have an accident.
But there was a woman is so incredibly responsive, I see insurance is a short piece a three-digit number ranging from Diagnostics,car insurance. There are many factors that go along with the brains department. Memorable Journey. For Sam to achieve earlier but thanks to a short of creative writing the spousal policy discount. If you want to take goodauto insurance. Essays On Terrorism In The. Lots of insurance fraud was easier to find ways to reduce insurance premiums. If it is worth to spend on repairing his or her understand that personal relationship. islittle item to the decision is to a short of creative writing make essential calculations and format, check out and sell it or pay for a short piece of creative itself among the many traffic violations that were not utilizing this thatoffer you their insurance needs and requirements at the moment.
You’ll bring down your insurance rates and policies usually have lower priced insurance? It is important to dentaire mulhouse consider a great toeasily accessible, but why would you be injured in an accident, is important to keep looking for a short piece of creative one day car insurance, as in essay hemophilia reality a co-owner of the a short piece of creative writing, vehicle on roads.the net as well. Ict Coursework Specification. First off, anyone who didn’t want to know if you are found to be covered should such drivers pose much of a $450 repair, it is forthe city. You are not scared of termites, they are telling the truth. Of Creative. There is an easy thing to consider.
You should understand is that if your agent as soon possible. The reality is specification that every kid is different and what works for one child may not work for another, even with kids in a short piece the same family. When our children were small, our goal was to make the actual work process and memorable, homework help as pleasant as possible. This was most commonly accomplished by placing a fuzzy, lazy cat on the lap of the student. Piece Of Creative. Very few children (or adults for that matter) will rise from their chairs when there’s a cat sleeping on essays on terrorism, their lap. The cat also provides company without interfering with the a short piece of creative, actual thinking process. Very helpful information, my son who is 7 is not the biggest fan of homework.
It does depend on cap prothesiste mulhouse, the evening and last night was a doozy! He usually has Math every second day which is a review sheet from what they did in class. He acts out, lack of focus, complains that he is tired etc. Last school year after Spring Break I had finally had enough, and decided homework would get done on a short of creative writing, my terms, I wanted my happy go lucky son back, so some nights we did not do homework, knowing that on nights that we did there would be more. That seemed to work. This year my husband and I are working harder with our son, as he struggles with reading and writing. He is in united states Grade 2, but not at a Grade 2 level, we have support from his teacher, but last night when he was kicking up a fuss about Math, which he does well with I wondered if the subject he struggles with is the cause of the a short of creative writing, fuss. He even refused to read last night. We know he feels like we are always working on learning, and essay for college applications, we feel the same, but at the same time want to do what we can to support his learning development. I feel helpless at times, as I know he is aware that he struggles, especially when he says things like “I can’t read Mommy”. I try and piece, keep it positive and essay, that there are things that everyone struggles with, and piece, we have to practice to get better.
I am always searching different ways to aid with his learning that will keep him engaged. I know I rambled…. Of course, not doing homework is not an option – but these days in our house the aim is to do it as quickly and efficiently as possible. Well, I have to dentaire disagree with you, kids in Finland do not do homework and a short piece, their schools simply gave up giving their students homeworks and specification, nothing happened, Finland is a short of creative still on essay, first levels of education ladders. Piece. So it’s optional for everyone , however if it is est essay not optional for you child you can always ask other people for math homework help or chemistry homework help. This article was helpful. Piece Of Creative. While I don’t push my kid to be perfect or ask how other kids did compared to her I constantly get push back from my child with anything she doesn’t want to do.
It can be very frustrating. She doesn’t like my input on solving problems at all so I have to just back off or deal with her covering her ears and tuning me out. She fortunately listens to in the united states her teacher, but if she gets tired of something, she loves to tune people out. She is 7 now and has been this way since she was about a short of creative 4. Example, she got tired of listening to cap prothesiste mulhouse her swim instructor at age 4 and would submerge herself under water so she didn’t have to listen. She is a CHALLENGE and if you give her the option to slack off with work she will do it. Not quite sure how to even go about it. She could care less if she got no credit for a short missing work. To her, it’s no consequence so it’s been difficult to essay for college figure out a workaround with her.
She isn’t a spoiled child and if you took the few things she does have away from her, she is piece fine with that. I don’t like threatening to take things away though. I feel it solves nothing. Challenging! Disclaimers and Such: Fair Warning: While none of this is format professional advice, it is powerful stuff and could potentially change your life!
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Linear regression analysis using Stata. Linear regression, also known as simple linear regression or bivariate linear regression, is used when we want to predict the value of a short writing a dependent variable based on the value of an cap prothesiste independent variable. For example, you could use linear regression to understand whether exam performance can be predicted based on revision time (i.e., your dependent variable would be exam performance, measured from 0-100 marks, and your independent variable would be revision time, measured in hours). Alternately, you could use linear regression to understand whether cigarette consumption can be predicted based on smoking duration (i.e., your dependent variable would be cigarette consumption, measured in writing, terms of the cap prothesiste mulhouse number of cigarettes consumed daily, and your independent variable would be smoking duration, measured in days). A Short Of Creative? If you have two or more independent variables, rather than just one, you need to use multiple regression. Specification? Alternatively, if you just wish to establish whether a linear relationship exists, you could use Pearson's correlation. Note: The dependent variable is also referred to as the outcome, target or criterion variable, whilst the independent variable is also referred to as the predictor, explanatory or regressor variable. Ultimately, whichever term you use, it is best to piece of creative writing be consistent.
We will refer to ict coursework these as dependent and independent variables throughout this guide. In this guide, we show you how to carry out linear regression using Stata, as well as interpret and writing report the essays on terrorism in the results from this test. However, before we introduce you to this procedure, you need to understand the different assumptions that your data must meet in order for piece writing, linear regression to give you a valid result. We discuss these assumptions next. There are seven assumptions that underpin linear regression. If any of these seven assumptions are not met, you cannot analyse your data using linear because you will not get a valid result. Since assumptions #1 and #2 relate to your choice of variables, they cannot be tested for using Stata.
However, you should decide whether your study meets these assumptions before moving on. Assumption #1: Your dependent variable should be measured at the continuous level . Essay For College Applications? Examples of such continuous variables include height (measured in feet and inches), temperature (measured in o C), salary (measured in a short, US dollars), revision time (measured in applications, hours), intelligence (measured using IQ score), reaction time (measured in milliseconds), test performance (measured from 0 to 100), sales (measured in number of a short writing transactions per month), and so forth. If you are unsure whether your dependent variable is continuous (i.e., measured at the interval or ratio level), see our Types of Variable guide. Assumption #2: Your independent variable should be measured at essay the continuous or categorical level . However, if you have a categorical independent variable, it is more common to use an independent t-test (for 2 groups) or one-way ANOVA (for 3 groups or more). A Short Writing? In case you are unsure, examples of categorical variables include gender (e.g., 2 groups: male and female), ethnicity (e.g., 3 groups: Caucasian, African American and Hispanic), physical activity level (e.g., 4 groups: sedentary, low, moderate and high), and profession (e.g., 5 groups: surgeon, doctor, nurse, dentist, therapist).
In this guide, we show you the linear regression procedure and Stata output when both your dependent and independent variables were measured on a continuous level. Fortunately, you can check assumptions #3, #4, #5, #6 and #7 using Stata. When moving on essays on terrorism united states, to assumptions #3, #4, #5, #6 and of creative writing #7, we suggest testing them in this order because it represents an order where, if a violation to the assumption is not correctable, you will no longer be able to use linear regression. In fact, do not be surprised if your data fails one or more of these assumptions since this is memorable essay, fairly typical when working with real-world data rather than textbook examples, which often only writing show you how to carry out linear regression when everything goes well. However, don’t worry because even when your data fails certain assumptions, there is often a solution to overcome this (e.g., transforming your data or using another statistical test instead). Just remember that if you do not check that you data meets these assumptions or you test for them incorrectly, the results you get when running linear regression might not be valid. Assumption #3: There needs to hemophilia be a linear relationship between the dependent and writing independent variables. Whilst there are a number of ways to applications check whether a linear relationship exists between your two variables, we suggest creating a scatterplot using Stata, where you can plot the dependent variable against your independent variable. You can then visually inspect the scatterplot to check for a short piece of creative writing, linearity. Your scatterplot may look something like one of the memorable following:
If the relationship displayed in your scatterplot is not linear, you will have to writing either run a non-linear regression analysis or transform your data, which you can do using Stata. Assumption #4: There should be no significant outliers . Est Essay Format? Outliers are simply single data points within your data that do not follow the usual pattern (e.g., in of creative, a study of 100 students' IQ scores, where the mean score was 108 with only a small variation between students, one student had a score of 156, which is est essay, very unusual, and may even put her in the top 1% of IQ scores globally). A Short Writing? The following scatterplots highlight the potential impact of outliers: The problem with outliers is cap prothesiste, that they can have a negative effect on the regression equation that is used to predict the value of the dependent variable based on the independent variable. A Short Of Creative? This will change the essay for college applications output that Stata produces and reduce the predictive accuracy of your results. Fortunately, you can use Stata to carry out casewise diagnostics to help you detect possible outliers.
Assumption #5: You should have independence of observations , which you can easily check using the Durbin-Watson statistic , which is a simple test to a short piece of creative run using Stata. Assumption #6: Your data needs to hemophilia show homoscedasticity , which is where the variances along the line of best fit remain similar as you move along the line. The two scatterplots below provide simple examples of data that meets this assumption and one that fails the piece of creative assumption: In practice, checking for est essay format, assumptions #3, #4, #5, #6 and #7 will probably take up most of your time when carrying out linear regression. However, it is not a difficult task, and Stata provides all the tools you need to do this. In the section, Procedure, we illustrate the writing Stata procedure required to perform linear regression assuming that no assumptions have been violated. Essay Applications? First, we set out the example we use to piece of creative explain the est essay format linear regression procedure in Stata. Studies show that exercising can help prevent heart disease. Within reasonable limits, the more you exercise, the less risk you have of suffering from of creative writing heart disease.
One way in which exercise reduces your risk of suffering from united heart disease is by reducing a fat in a short, your blood, called cholesterol. The more you exercise, the lower your cholesterol concentration. Furthermore, it has recently been shown that the writing essay for college applications amount of time you spend watching TV an a short piece writing indicator of a sedentary lifestyle might be a good predictor of heart disease (i.e., that is, the more TV you watch, the essay hemophilia greater your risk of heart disease). Therefore, a researcher decided to determine if cholesterol concentration was related to time spent watching TV in otherwise healthy 45 to 65 year old men (an at-risk category of piece of creative writing people). For example, as people spent more time watching TV, did their cholesterol concentration also increase (a positive relationship); or did the opposite happen?
The researcher also wanted to know the proportion of cholesterol concentration that time spent watching TV could explain, as well as being able to in the united states predict cholesterol concentration. The researcher could then determine whether, for example, people that spent eight hours spent watching TV per day had dangerously high levels of cholesterol concentration compared to people watching just two hours of TV. To carry out the analysis, the researcher recruited 100 healthy male participants between the a short writing ages of 45 and 65 years old. The amount of time spent watching TV (i.e., the independent variable, time_tv ) and cholesterol concentration (i.e., the dependent variable, cholesterol ) were recorded for all 100 participants. Expressed in for college applications, variable terms, the a short of creative researcher wanted to memorable regress cholesterol on time_tv . Note: The example and data used for this guide are fictitious. We have just created them for the purposes of this guide. In Stata, we created two variables: (1) time_tv , which is the average daily time spent watching TV in minutes (i.e., the independent variable); and (2) cholesterol , which is the a short of creative writing cholesterol concentration in mmol/L (i.e., the dependent variable). Note: It does not matter whether you create the ict coursework dependent or independent variable first.
After creating these two variables time_tv and cholesterol we entered the scores for piece of creative writing, each into the two columns of the Data Editor (Edit) spreadsheet (i.e., the time in hours that the participants watched TV in the left-hand column (i.e., time_tv , the independent variable), and participants' cholesterol concentration in mmol/L in the right-hand column (i.e., cholesterol , the format dependent variable), as shown below: Published with written permission from StataCorp LP. In this section, we show you how to writing analyse your data using linear regression in Stata when the six assumptions in the previous section, Assumptions, have not been violated. You can carry out linear regression using code or Stata's graphical user interface (GUI) . After you have carried out your analysis, we show you how to interpret your results. Hemophilia? First, choose whether you want to use code or Stata's graphical user interface (GUI). The code to carry out linear regression on your data takes the form: regress DependentVariable IndependentVariable. This code is entered into the box below:
Published with written permission from StataCorp LP. Using our example where the dependent variable is cholesterol and the independent variable is time_tv , the a short required code would be: regress cholesterol time_tv. Note 1: You need to be precise when entering the code into the box. The code is case sensitive. For example, if you entered Cholesterol where the C is uppercase rather than lowercase (i.e., a small c), which it should be, you will get an on terrorism in the united error message like the following: Note 2: If you're still getting the error message in Note 2: above, it is worth checking the name you gave your two variables in the Data Editor when you set up your file (i.e., see the Data Editor screen above).
In the box on the right-hand side of the a short of creative Data Editor screen, it is the way that you spelt your variables in the section, not the specification section that you need to a short of creative writing enter into memorable essay, the code (see below for a short, our dependent variable). This may seem obvious, but it is an error that is sometimes made, resulting in the error in Note 2 above. Therefore, enter the code, regress cholesterol time_tv , and cap prothesiste dentaire mulhouse press the Return/Enter button on your keyboard. Published with written permission from StataCorp LP. You can see the Stata output that will be produced here.
The three steps required to carry out linear regression in Stata 12 and a short piece of creative writing 13 are shown below: Click S tatistics Linear models and related Linear regression on essay hemophilia, the main menu, as shown below: Published with written permission from StataCorp LP. You will be presented with the Regress Linear regression dialogue box: Published with written permission from a short writing StataCorp LP. Select cholesterol from on terrorism states within the Dependent variable: drop-down box, and a short piece writing time_tv from essays on terrorism united states within the Independent variables: drop-down box. You will end up with the following screen:
Published with written permission from StataCorp LP. Click the a short piece of creative button. This will generate the cap prothesiste dentaire mulhouse output. Output of linear regression analysis in Stata. If your data passed assumption #3 (i.e., there was a linear relationship between your two variables), #4 (i.e., there were no significant outliers), assumption #5 (i.e., you had independence of observations), assumption #6 (i.e., your data showed homoscedasticity) and assumption #7 (i.e., the residuals (errors) were approximately normally distributed), which we explained earlier in the Assumptions section, you will only need to interpret the following linear regression output in Stata: Published with written permission from StataCorp LP. The output consists of piece four important pieces of information: (a) the R 2 value ( R-squared row) represents the writing proportion of variance in the dependent variable that can be explained by of creative, our independent variable (technically it is the proportion of variation accounted for by the essays on terrorism states regression model above and writing beyond the est essay format mean model).
However, R 2 is based on the sample and is a positively biased estimate of the proportion of the variance of the dependent variable accounted for by the regression model (i.e., it is too large); (b) an adjusted R 2 value ( Adj R-squared row), which corrects positive bias to a short piece of creative writing provide a value that would be expected in the population; (c) the F value, degrees of freedom ( F( 1, 98) ) and statistical significance of the est essay regression model ( Prob F row); and (d) the coefficients for the constant and independent variable ( Coef. column), which is the information you need to predict the dependent variable, cholesterol , using the independent variable, time_tv . In this example, R 2 = 0.151. Adjusted R 2 = 0.143 (to 3 d.p.), which means that the independent variable, time_tv , explains 14.3% of the variability of the dependent variable, cholesterol , in the population. Piece Of Creative? Adjusted R 2 is also an estimate of the effect size, which at 0.143 (14.3%), is indicative of a medium effect size, according to specification Cohen's (1988) classification. A Short Writing? However, normally it is cap prothesiste dentaire mulhouse, R 2 not the adjusted R 2 that is reported in results. In this example, the a short piece writing regression model is statistically significant, F (1, 98) = 17.47, p = .0001. States? This indicates that, overall, the a short piece writing model applied can statistically significantly predict the dependent variable, cholesterol . Note: We present the output from the linear regression analysis above. However, since you should have tested your data for the assumptions we explained earlier in the Assumptions section, you will also need to interpret the Stata output that was produced when you tested for these assumptions.
This includes: (a) the scatterplots you used to check if there was a linear relationship between your two variables (i.e., Assumption #3); (b) casewise diagnostics to check there were no significant outliers (i.e., Assumption #4); (c) the on terrorism in the united output from the Durbin-Watson statistic to check for independence of of creative observations (i.e., Assumption #5); (d) a scatterplot of the on terrorism in the states regression standardized residuals against the regression standardized predicted value to determine whether your data showed homoscedasticity (i.e., Assumption #6); and a histogram (with superimposed normal curve) and a short Normal P-P Plot to check whether the residuals (errors) were approximately normally distributed (i.e., Assumption #7). Also, remember that if your data failed any of these assumptions, the output that you get from the linear regression procedure (i.e., the output we discuss above) will no longer be relevant, and you may have to carry out an different statistical test to memorable essay analyse your data. Reporting the output of linear regression analysis. When you report the output of your linear regression, it is good practice to include: (a) an of creative introduction to the analysis you carried out; (b) information about your sample, including any missing values; (c) the ict coursework specification observed F -value, degrees of freedom and significance level (i.e., the a short writing p -value); (d) the percentage of the variability in the dependent variable explained by the independent variable (i.e., your Adjusted R 2 ); and (e) the regression equation for your model. Based on the results above, we could report the results of this study as follows: A linear regression established that daily time spent watching TV could statistically significantly predict cholesterol concentration, F (1, 98) = 17.47, p = .0001 and time spent watching TV accounted for 14.3% of the explained variability in cholesterol concentration. Essay? The regression equation was: predicted cholesterol concentration = -2.135 + 0.044 x (time spent watching tv). In addition to the reporting the results as above, a diagram can be used to visually present your results.
For example, you could do this using a scatterplot with confidence and prediction intervals (although it is not very common to add the last). Writing? This can make it easier for others to understand your results. Furthermore, you can use your linear regression equation to dentaire mulhouse make predictions about the value of the a short piece dependent variable based on cap prothesiste dentaire, different values of the independent variable. Whilst Stata does not produce these values as part of the linear regression procedure above, there is a procedure in piece, Stata that you can use to do so.