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Extended essay ideas chemistry

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Literary Criticism of The Namesake. Allusions to extended ideas Nikolai V. Gogol and 2010, his short story “The Overcoat” permeate Jhumpa Lahiri’s novel The Namesake, beginning with Gogol’s being the name the protagonist is called through most of the book. Extended Ideas Chemistry? Yet few of the reviewers of the novel mentioned Nikolai Gogol at all in their discussions of the novel, except to describe the 2010 questions, protagonist Gogol’s loathing of his name, or to quote without comment or explanation Dostoevski’s famous line, “We all came out of Gogol’s Overcoat. We will write a custom essay sample. on Literary Criticism of The Namesake or any similar. topic specifically for you. ” So far, no one has looked beyond the surfaces to examine the significance of the extended essay chemistry, allusions to Gogol that are so much a part of the fabric of Lahiri’s novel.

Without the references to Nikolai Gogol, it is easy to read the novel as simply another account of the difficulties of a first-generation American trying to “find himself,” nicely written, but not particularly thought-provoking. It may seem merely unexamined documentation of the confusion of ged essay questions its main character, a confusion which itself has become a bit of a cliche. The conventional wisdom about first generation Asian Americans is that an extended essay chemistry, awareness of two cultures is a kind of curse which makes them unable to understand who they “really” are, as if identity were nothing more than cultural identification. Read with an understanding of the anabolic, significance of the Gogol story, however, the novel is much more clearly an elucidation of the extended, causes and good military cover, meaning of that confusion, which comes not only from having a multiple cultural identity, but from some of the ways in which people in essay ideas chemistry modern American society tend to view identity. In particular, the allusions to Gogol, along with the motif of ged essay questions naming and Lahiri’s own unique literary style, seem to suggest that some of the characters’ unnecessary unhappiness arises from the tendency to identify oneself with the essay, aspects of fine art thesis proposal selfhood that William James called the material self, one’s surroundings, clothing, food, and possessions, and the social self, the loves and friendships that surround us. Extended Chemistry? Furthermore, in a mobile society like modern America, unfortunately, the relationships of the steroid, social self are apt to extended essay ideas be transitory,which seems to be part of the protagonist’s problems in The Namesake.

Page 2 Literary Criticism of The Namesake Essay. In addition, although James includes the art thesis, immediate family as part of the material self, the protagonist does not seem to realize the extent to which this is true until too late, which is also not uncommon. Inany case, what is often left underdeveloped is the extended essay chemistry, essential self, the organizing consciousness that strives to understand the meaning and , patterns of the events of one’s life in this world, that searches for continuity, or that seeks a way to make peace with the irrational. At first it seems that neither the hapless Akaky Akakyvitch of Gogol’s story nor his eccentric creator can have anything in common with the bright, handsome, conforming Gogol Ganguli of extended ideas chemistry Lahiri’s novel, or this fantastic, grotesque, and on online shopping, very Russian nineteenth-century short story with the seemingly realistic novel about a twentieth-century Indian-American’s search for an identity in American society. Essay Chemistry? Nevertheless, “The Overcoat” is about identity, among other things. The protagonist’s name, Akaky Akakyevitch, suggests a contradictory identity in itself, being a saint’s name and yet sounding like a Russian baby-talk word for feces; and of course the name is also simply a repetition of his father’s name. Akaky is a non-entity. A scrivener, he delights in copying out other people’s writing, and yet is strangely unable and unwilling to essay page template try to essay ideas chemistry write anything of his own, or even to professional cv writing services change a word in the original text when he is specifically asked to. As a text, he isn’t anyone; he is simply copies of what is written by extended ideas others. But this copying is bliss.

His very lack of identity is the source of his happiness. This changes when is obliged to buy a new overcoat, a costly overcoat, and becomes another person. Steroid Research Paper? Or rather, he becomes his overcoat. He and his new overcoat are even invited to a party in its honor by extended chemistry the assistant head clerk of his department. Good Cover? He becomes a new man, noticing women, for instance, when before he would forget where he was while crossing the street. As he is coming back from this uncharacteristic outing, his overcoat is stolen. When he reports the loss to a local dignitary (on his co-workers’ advice–no idea is chemistry, his own), he is bullied and insulted for his temerity in approaching such an steroid research paper, important person. Tellingly, the Very Important Person demands, “Do you realize, sir, who you are talking to? ” (Gogol 263), as if he didn’t know who he was himself, without its being reconfirmed by other’s fear of extended chemistry him. Exposed to the cold once again, the overcoatless Akaky then catches a fever and dies, but this is not the end of the story.

Shortly after Akaky’s death, a “living corpse” who looks like Akaky begins haunting the same square in which Akaky was robbed, but this time as a stealer of overcoats rather than as a victim. One of this Akaky’s victims is the same Very Important Person who bullied him, who had been mildly regretting his harshness, and who is now frightened into real repentance. The last we hear of Akaky and his ghost is when a policeman sees a burly man whom he takes to be the ghostly overcoat thief, accosts him, and finds instead a man who is clearly not Akaky, but may be the original thief who robbed him. It’s a strange story, suggesting very non-American ideas about identity and the undesirability of having a fixed identity. The overcoat that Akaky buys at such cost seems to be both the material self and the social self, both of which he previously lacked, and which he then mistakes for who he is. Vladimir Nabokov even suggests that for Akaky, the coat is like a mistress or a wife–some one/thing that defines him as a normal member of essays on online shopping society and yet paradoxically causes him to lose his essential self. One can read the extended ideas, story as a kind of parable about page, identity theft and extended ideas, shifting identities, in proposal which Akaky goes from being no-one, to being an overcoat, to being a ghost, and finally to being, perhaps, a version of the very person who robbed him, or at least into something that can be mistaken for him. Charles Bernheimer has suggested that the extended essay chemistry, story reflects Nikolai Gogol’s own horror of having a fixed identity.

One of the 2010 ged essay, reasons that Gogol was unable to essay ideas finish Dead Souls, Bernheimer says, was that “for Gogol to good military letters write The Book would be equivalent to a fixing of extended ideas chemistry his personality, an act of definition that would subject his secret soul to understanding, to penetration and violation by the other” (54). Richard Moore suggests as well that Akaky’s copying is fine art thesis proposal, parallel to ideas chemistry Gogol’s own writing in which he assumes a series of voices. There is a way in which Akaky, then, is 2010, a version of his creator. Ideas Chemistry? Moreover, the ending is good letters, deliberately ambiguous so as not to impose a meaning, an identity, on the story itself. The true protection seems to lie in not being known, not being knowable, and yet, some kind of essay chemistry outward identity is necessary too. “The Overcoat” is cover, a meditation on identity and loss, but exactly what it is “saying” about these abstractions is ambiguous, because the story is clothed in language and extended essay ideas, structured to evoke meanings and evade them at the same time. The meaning of the story is not just in the plot; in fact, Vladimir Nabokov suggests that to the extent that the story has a meaning, the style, not the plot, conveys it. The story combines voices and tones and cheap professional cv writing, levels of reality.

Nabokov says, “Gogol’s art discloses that parallel lines not only meet, but they can wiggle and ideas chemistry, get most extravagantly entangled, just as two pillars reflected in water in the most wobbly contortions if the necessary ripple is there” (58). Multiple, contradictory realities and on online, identities exist as once. Like a Zen paradox, the story does not have a fixed meaning, but serves rather to create a space in which the reader can experience his own private epiphany. It is this ambiguity that draws Ashoke Ganguli, Gogol Ganguli’s father, to ideas chemistry the story in the first place. As he reads the fine art thesis, story on the almost fatal train ride that becomes a turning point in his life, Ashoke thinks, “Just as Akaky’s ghost haunted the essay ideas, final pages, so did it haunt a place deep in services Ashoke’s soul, shedding light on all that was irrational, that was inevitable about the world” (Lahiri 14). Lahiri does not tell us any more than this about what exactly it is that he understands about the irrational and the inevitable, because she, like Gogol, is working to evoke meanings rather than convey them. But perhaps one thing that Ashoke responds to in the story is the sense that both reality and identity are multiple, existing on many planes at the same time. Life is not a simple, rational, sequential experience. Ashoke gains some unarticulated knowledge from the story that enables him to be many people at once and ideas, accept the contradictions of his life. He himself is both the dutiful son who returns to India every year to see his extended family and the man who left this hurt and bewildered family behind to begin a life in another country, both a Bengali and the father of two Americans, both the services, respected Professor Ganguli and the patronized foreigner, both Ashoke, his good name, and essay, Mithu, his pet name. His world is not just India and America but the Europe of the authors he reads, his time both the art thesis proposal, twentieth and the nineteenth centuries.

A person is extended ideas, many people, just as Akaky is all of the ged essay questions, documents he copies and no one in himself. For Gogol Ganguli, however, the extended essay, several identities that he takes on in the cover letters, course of the novel are a source of pain, perhaps in part because he passively accepts them one after the other, often conjoined to a relationship with a woman, apparently confusing a series of material and social selves for who he is. Moreover, because these outer selves are sequential rather than simultaneous, they provide him with no sense of continuity, which is part of essay ideas chemistry their function in the lives of more contented and secure people. And as in cheap services Nikolai Gogol’s short story, the meaning of. Lahiri’s novel seems to lie not so much in the plotline as in the style. It is a type of realism that assumes that to show reality, one must abandoned the tight causal plot of realism to show the randomness and irrationality of the events that define the characters’ lives.

In addition, the present tense prose, which at first may seem to be merely trendy and irritating, also creates the effect of “suppressing the shared past that connects writer and reader,” as Ursula Le Guin has observed with some asperity about extended essay ideas, present tense prose in general (74). In this novel, however, the effect seems deliberate, as the characters are indeed cut off from their pasts–by physical distance, in cheap professional cv writing the case of essay ideas Ashoke and Ashima, or by ged essay questions the inability to understand the significance of the past, in the case of Gogol Ganguli and his wife Moushimi. Thus it seems appropriate that the readers are cut off from this past as well. Lahiri’s dispassionate, elusive style is one of the many items to come out of ideas chemistry Gogol’s overcoat. From him through Vladimir Nabokov and the modernists she has taken the cover page template, idea that the style is the extended chemistry, meaning, not merely the means of letters conveying it. The way in which she writes also comes through a tradition of American writers as well, particularly Hemingway and extended essay ideas, Raymond Carver, who acutely observe the details of physical reality as a way of steroid paper implying the characters’ inner struggles (“Big Two Hearted River” and “Cathedral,” for ideas, example). Yet this style is blended with Gogol to create a hybrid entity, Russian, American, and professional cv writing, Indian, through which Lahiri creates vivid characters whose identities are nonetheless unknowable. Lahiri layers on detail after detail, until we can see the last eyelet in Ashoke’s shoes. But something essential is ideas chemistry, always left out. We learn the names of all the people who attend Ashima’s parties. ? We don’t know what Ashima or Ashoke like about extended ideas chemistry, these friends or what makes them more than names.

We know that the fine, first girl Gogol has sex with was wearing “a plaid woolen skirt and combat boots and mustard tights” (105), but we don’t know her name or what she looked liked or even the details of her body that a man would be more likely to remember than the girl’s clothing. We know what Gogol reads as a boy and the names of his boyhood friends, but we don’t know what he thinks about these books or likes about these friends. Essay Ideas Chemistry? We know what Gogol and his wife Moushumi say when they are chattering at yuppie dinner parties, but not what they say to each other when they are arguing or when they are expressing their love for each other. We sometimes learn what the characters feel, although more often, we are given a catalog of the details of their surroundings which they are noticing while they are having the feeling. And we almost never know what the characters are thinking, about who they are to themselves as they experience the rush of art thesis proposal sounds and sensations that are their lives. Introspection, even if it were presented as interior monologue, would suggest that this voice was who the extended ideas, character “really” was. The effect is both eerie and deliberate, and fine art thesis proposal, perhaps suggests the chemistry, ways in which essential identity, the military letters, self as a continuous organizing consciousness, is beyond the power of words to describe. We can only know the surface.

A sense of what lies beyond the surface can only be evoked and illuminated. Four Perspectives Continued from extended chemistry, Gogol’s Namesake: Identity and Relationships in Jhumpa Lahiri’s The Namesake Author: Judith Caesar The novel is told through the sensibilities of four different characters, Gogol Ganguli, his mother Ashima, his father Ashoke, and his wife Moushumi, all of whom reveal different aspects of the material world and the personal relationships which are a part of each character’s outer identity. Of these people, Ashoke alone seems to have found the balance among the various aspects of self that enable him to live comfortably in extended essay ideas a foreign country which his children will experience differently than he does. He has his family back in India, a network of Bengali friends whom he has known since coming to 2010 questions America, a house that he has lived in for years, and familiar Indian customs blended with American ones until the blending itself becomes familiar, all of which provide an outer protection for an inner self. The material world of America seems to essay chemistry be a source of unhappiness to Ashima (it is anabolic steroid research paper, her consciousness, not Ashoke’s, that frequently notices American habits with distaste). Thus throughout the book, she struggles to recover the essay ideas chemistry, material and good cover letters, social selves of her life in India and yet somehow adapt herself to life in the country to which she has come.

For both Gogol and Moushumi, the process of finding a way to live comfortably with what seems to them a double identity, two very different outer worlds, is extended ideas, even more complex, since, like other young Americans, they tend to confuse the outer identity with who they are. In part, they do this because modern consumer culture tends to encourage people to view themselves as their material selves, which makes finding a sense of proposal self even more challenging for a person raised among different cultures and extended, subcultures, especially if he concentrates on the question, “Which am I? ,” rather than realizing that he is both all and steroid paper, none of essay ideas them. Ashoke Ganguli seems to want to essay page template help his son discover a way in which to live with the complexity of essay chemistry identity. To begin with, following Bengali custom, he attempts to professional give him two identities, one identity, his daknam or pet name, who he is to essay ideas the people who have known and cheap cv writing services, loved him all his life, and another name, his bhalonam, his good name, who he is to the outside world. This will embed in him the knowledge that he is at least two people, who he is to his family and the people who care about his, and ideas chemistry, who he is to outsiders. Research? Perhaps he also wishes to convey the idea that identity is multiple and many faceted, like reality. It is not one thing or another, but simultaneity, as his own life has been. But the good name Ashoke later selects, Nikhil, the five-year old Gogol and his school reject; and then the eighteen-year-old Gogol rejects the essay, name Gogol and becomes his good name, Nikhil, to everyone except sometimes his parents. Ashoke has given his son two names, two identities, but Gogol must find their meaning for himself in the country and the time in which he has been born. Good Cover Letters? And with his acceptance and rejection of his two names, he begins a pattern of first accepting and extended essay ideas, then rejecting outer identities that seem imposed on him by steroid others and essay ideas, which he is essay page, seems unable to distinguish from his essential self. He seems to think he must be one thing or another, Bengali or American, rather than accepting ambiguity and multiplicity.

The name Gogol means very different things to essay chemistry Gogol and 2010 ged essay questions, Ashoke. To Ashoke, the extended ideas, name Gogol is first of all a reminder of the way in which the reading of Gogol’s short story saved his life, how it was his dropping of the good military cover, page from the story that alerted rescuers that he was still alive after the train wreck and made them stop and pull him out of the wreckage where he would otherwise have perished. It is a rebirth of himself in a different form, as a person who wants to leave India and travel to other places, to form an identity for himself different from the one created by his life in India. And so, in a way, is the birth of his son. But Gogol is also a connection to his own family, to his grandfather who told him to read the Russian realists, and whom he is going to see at the time of the train wreck. There is an identity here that transcends culture, as generations of Indians (ultimately, Gogol Ganguli becomes the fourth) find a sense of life’s essence in extended an English translation of a Russian work. But to Gogol Ganguli, Gogol is simply a strange name that he has been saddled with by accident. It makes him too different. (And it probably doesn’t help that when pronounced correctly, the name sounds like the English word “goggle”).

When he is in high school and supposed to fine art thesis study Gogol’s story in English class, he refuses to read it. And strangely, instead of leading a discussion of the story itself, his teacher tells them about Gogol’s life, focusing on Gogol’s inner torment and his death by self-starvation. Gogol the writer is reduced to what was most bizarre about his personal life, for the delighted horror of American teenagers. He is treated in exactly the essay, way the ged essay, living Gogol most feared. He becomes his difference, not his genius. And ironically, because of Lahiri’s style, the teacher himself becomes nothing more than his clothing and his mannerisms. To Gogol Ganguli, then, Gogol becomes the identity of a foreign madman who never experienced sex or any of the other initiations that lead to an adult identity for modern Americans. And yet he is essay ideas, still ambivalent.

As Lahiri explains, “To read the essay, story, he believes, would mean paying tribute to his namesake, accepting it somehow. Still, listening to his classmates complain, he feels perversely responsible, as if his own work were being attacked” (92). Throughout the novel, many of the most significant conversations between Gogol Ganguli and Ashoke begin with Nikolai Gogol, as Ashoke attempts to connect with his son through Gogol the same way that the Russian writer connected him to ideas his grandfather. But Gogol Ganguli rejects these gestures, not recognizing them for what they are. When Gogol Ganguli is fourteen, his father gives him a hard-bound copy of Gogol’s short stories; Gogol thanks him politely and then continues listening to his Beatles’ album.

When Ashoke quotes to him, “We all came out of Gogol’s Overcoat,” Gogol Ganguli asks, “What’s that supposed to mean? ” His father doesn’t answer, but merely tells him it will make sense to him someday (78). Characteristically, Lahiri doesn’t tell us how it makes sense to Ashoke, or how it will later make sense to his son. Later, when Gogol is no longer officially Gogol but Nikhil, Ashoke does tell him directly part of the personal significance of the name to him, how it was by dropping the page of 2010 questions Gogol that he was rescued the night he almost died. When Gogol asks his father if he then reminds him of that night, Ashoke replies, “You remind me of everything that followed” (124). For Ashoke, Gogol is a new life, a rebirth, the creation of another life in chemistry another country, both his own life and his children’s. While Gogol Ganguli is cover page template, disturbed by this knowledge, Lahiri doesn’t tell us precisely what he understands from it, except to imply, perhaps, that he feels to some degree guilty about having changed his name to Nikhil. For at eighteen, Gogol rejects the essay ideas chemistry, name, and fine art thesis proposal, with it, the trans-cultural identity that his father tried to give him. Although Nikhil is an Indian name, it enables him to extended essay chemistry try on a sophisticated identity he thinks he wants, sexy, cool, “normal. ” (He is “Nick” in dialogue later in the novel, especially when he is professional, talking to extended chemistry Americans who are not the children of immigrants). Nikhil is his overcoat which makes the 2010 ged essay questions, ways in which he is essay ideas, different from other Americans invisible.

Thus it is as Nikhil that he first kisses a girl, thinking afterward as he tells his friends about it, “it hadn’t been Gogol who kissed Kim. ? Gogol had nothing to do with it” (96). It is Nikhil whom he becomes at college and as Nikhil that he has his first girlfriend. Yet despite their apparent intimacy, he never introduces the girlfriend Ruth to his parents, because “He cannot imagine being with her in a house where he is still Gogol” (114). And Ruth herself is part of extended chemistry a series of identities which Gogol tries on, in this case, probably, the , identity of typical Yale student. She is never precisely who she is in essay chemistry herself, since we never know the traits he values in her or what they talk about or who he is to her. The relationship dissolves when she goes to England and comes back full of fine proposal British mannerisms and ideas, expressions which have no place in his life. Thus, a person who had once seemed the emotional center of his life moves out of it forever, beginning a pattern which will continue throughout the course of the novel. Perhaps it is not particularly unusual that he seems to have no lasting friendships to give him a sense of continuity either; his emotional life centers on his lovers, and when each woman ceases being his lover, she moves out of research his life entirely, taking with her the self he was with her. The overcoat, the name Nikhil, seems to represent part of the material self, along with the personal possessions, the clothing, the food, the houses and apartments. The transient love affairs like that with Ruth through which Gogol becomes a series of alternate identities are also the overcoat.

Or to be more exact, his relationships provide him with possible identities which he passively accepts, at least temporarily. But to him, unlike his father, these identities come one at a time and are mutually exclusive and transitory. They are not what protect him from the shopping, outside world, but rather a disguise that he confuses for ideas, himself. This becomes even more clear when time shifts, and we next see Gogol twelve years later when he is an architect living in New York, where he has gone in part to escape being too geographically close to his family. Although he is now a grown man, he still seems to be going through the adolescent struggle to form an identity for himself separate from the world of fine his parents. Essay Ideas Chemistry? His being an architect seems to be a metaphor for the building of an essays on online, outer self that he himself has designed. Yet he doesn’t seem to have been able to do that. Essay Chemistry? Tellingly, he wanted to build homes, but ends up designing staircases and art thesis proposal, closets for offices instead. Instead of making personal spaces, he creates impersonal public ones; even his own apartment remains as an impersonal space, without decor, without anything of him in it–or perhaps its very absence of personality reflects him and the way in which he lives elsewhere, in other people’s spaces and material and social selves. Maxine, a beautiful, wealthy American woman from an old WASP family has sought him out after they met at a party and absorbed him into her world and her lifestyle. He spends most of his time in the house where Maxine lives with her parents, learning their tastes in food, wine, dress, and conversation.

She has a sense of extended essay ideas chemistry herself, of the , continuity of her life with that of her parents and grandparents that he thinks he will never have, because he doesn’t have a sense of what he might have in common with his parents emotionally or intellectually. At one point, “He realizes that she has never wished to be anyone other than herself … This, in his opinion, was the extended chemistry, biggest difference between them” (138). And yet he never actively tries to create another identity for himself, as his parents have done, or to cheap cv writing make sense of the one he has by trying to understand more about the essay ideas chemistry, permanent relationships in his life, those with his family. Maxine’s sense of continuity and selfhood enable her to weather unhappy love affairs (she has just gone through one before meeting Gogol) without being devastated by them. Good Military Cover? Perhaps this is part of what draws him to her.

She and her house and essay, her parents’ summer place in New Hampshire and their whole material world are his next identity. He is 2010 ged essay questions, Maxine Ratcliff’s lover, or, as her parents introduce him, “the architect Max brought up with her” (157). It’s a lovely, expensive, comfortable identity, given to him as a love-token, which he seems to accept without thought. The only problem is that he cannot reconcile it with his identity as Ashima and Ashoke’s son and thus on extended essay some level, it feels like a betrayal. It’s not just a rejection of the home and food and conversational style of his parents, or of personal habits that are not to his personal taste; to him it seems a rejection of them. Thus he imagines hearing the phone ring in the middle of the night at the summer cottage and thinks it’s his parents calling him to wish him a happy birthday, until he realizes that they don’t even know the number. The call is an imaginary connection to a self he has tried to cut himself away from to become something different from the identity which he thinks has been given him by his parents.

It is a reminder of the cover, guilt he feels in essay ideas chemistry rejecting their world and by extension, them. He hasn’t yet realized that instead of being an identity imposed on him from outside, they are part of the pattern of key relationships in his life through which he can define himself. Gogol’s way of living with Maxine and thinking about himself changes when Ashoke dies suddenly and unexpectedly of a heart attack. The material self is not the real self. And yet it is also necessary, just as Akaky’s overcoat was. The paradox is true in the way the multiple realities and page, identities of essay chemistry “The Overcoat” are true. Ashoke has created a material self of familiar rituals, places, and foods and essay cover template, social self in essay chemistry his relationships with other Bengali families, both of essay page which have formed a buffer for him, allowing him to extended chemistry live as a complex human being in a country which still seems to 2010 feel foreign to him. When Ashoke dies, all that is left of him are his material and social selves, the anonymous apartment where he was living by extended chemistry himself while on a fellowship at another university, his clothing, which Gogol Ganguli collects from the proposal, hospital, his rental car, the meager possessions in the apartment, the more ample possessions in extended chemistry the house he shared with Ashima, the scores of condolence letters that come from colleagues and friends that represent a lifetime’s network of relationships. These things both are and are not Ashoke.

They make the absence of his living self in all its potential so much more acute. Perhaps to feel that sense of lost potential, Gogol stays overnight in his father’s apartment, drives the car, and then returns to stay for weeks in the house in which Ashoke lived with Ashima, not only to comfort his mother but to immerse himself as much as he can in who his father was. Lahiri describes all of Ashoke’s possessions and the places he lived in intricate detail, catalog after catalog of specific and essay template, vivid descriptions of objects, their shape, color, texture, turning them into a trope for Gogol’s grief. She describes the objects instead of the grief to show us more powerfully that grief’s intensity, for the grief is essay chemistry, beyond words. Only the objects are not. They alone can evoke that an on online, approximation of that grief.

She also describes the objects because that is what Gogol focuses on while feeling that grief. Among Ashoke’s possessions is a copy of The Comedians, Graham Greene’s bitter novel about murder and revolution in Papa Doc’s Haiti, in extended essay ideas chemistry which the characters come to regard the horror of the police state with a mixture of idealism, cynicism, and a strangely energizing despair. Like “The Overcoat,” it’s a work about the cheap professional services, absurdity of the human condition, and it’s a key to understanding something of Ashoke’s sensibility and his rich and complex intellectual life. This is the book he was reading when he died. But Gogol apparently never thinks to read it. Extended Ideas? After his father’s death, and in part perhaps because of his guilt over the way he had distanced himself from his parents, he separates himself more and more from Maxine and her world, presumably to Maxine’s confusion and distress. But he himself doesn’t seem to realize why he is doing this. 2010? Finally, when the relationship ends, we are told almost nothing about extended essay chemistry, what he thinks or feels. Anabolic? We merely learn what he does and more tellingly what he fails to do.

When Maxine comes to visit him in his family home, now a place of mourning of which she is not a part, he “doesn’t bother to translate what people are saying (in Bengali), to introduce her to everyone, to stay close by her side” (182). It is the extended essay chemistry, same technique Lahiri used to convey Gogol’s desolation at the loss of his father, but now it is , used to imply something different, to suggest, perhaps, the difficulty of understanding one’s own motivations, especially concerning deeply felt emotions. Essay Ideas Chemistry? The self that he assumed with Maxine is abandoned, an empty shell of a self he can walk away from with few regrets. It is not who Gogol is. Indeed, Gogol defines himself primarily by who he isn’t, by rejecting or refusing to choose potential definitions, as he did when he was a baby and refused to choose the object that was supposed to foretell his occupation in life. There seems to be in Gogol a reluctance to explore on steroid research paper his own, to make the active choices through which some people can gain a sense of self.

After Ashoke’s death, a memory returns to essay Gogol, a memory of good letters one of the few significant exchanges between father and son Lahiri reports which did not involve a discussion of Nikolai Gogol, perhaps because it suggests an idea about identity so different from that of Gogol, of identity as something to be actively created. (Yet it too is one of the many simultaneous and contradictory truths about extended essay, reality and identity). Ashoke takes Gogol Ganguli on a walk on Cape Cod, picking their way over the rocks to the last point of land, the furthest point east, the place where they can go no further, with Gogol literally following in essay ideas his father’s footsteps. “Try to remember it always,” his father tells him. “Remember that you and I made this journey, that we went together to a place where there was nowhere left to go” (187). The anecdote is an open metaphor, and although Gogol Ganguli himself doesn’t seem to explore its meaning, the emblematic image seems to on online shopping suggest the way in extended ideas chemistry which his father had wanted to ged essay guide him, to show him that exploration could be exhilarating, that he wasn’t “too little” to discover for himself where he could go and what he could do. It also suggests that the action of seeking can in itself be part of who one is, how one defines himself. However, at the time, and , indeed even as an adult, Gogol doesn’t seem to understand this meaning or this feeling. In fact quite the opposite sensation occurs to him later, when he is in extended chemistry Paris with his new wife Moushumi on what could have been like a honeymoon for them but which is cv writing, not.

He looks at the way in essay chemistry which Moushumi had created a new life in a foreign country for herself when she had lived in Paris before she met him. He thinks, “here Moushumi had reinvented herself, without misgivings, without guilt … He realizes that this is shopping, what their parents had done in America. What he, in all likelihood, will never do” (233). The choice of Moushumi as a lover and then a wife seems to have been part of an unconscious attempt to concretize another identity, an adult identity that would connect him to his childhood world an.

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100 Science Topics for Research Papers. Extended Essay. VirginiaLynne has been a University English instructor for over 20 years. She specializes in helping people write essays faster and ideas easier. Science topics are interesting and easy to research because there are many current and reputable journals online. Start by browsing through the essays, topic questions below, then look at some of the extended, linked articles or continue your search online with the links provided. Steroid Research. Depending on the requirements of your instructor, you may find everything you need right here.

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Why do birds have such beautifully colored feathers? How are insects being used as models for extended ideas chemistry miniature robots? Why do animals hibernate? Should disposable products be banned or limited? What is Green building? How helpful is it to the environment and is it worth the extra cost? Should alternative energy companies get government subsidies? Is offshore drilling safe? Is recycling metal really important?? How important is climate change legislation?

Is hydraulic fracking going to destroy important ecosystems? Which of the following areas of science research do you find most interesting? 100 Technology Topics for Research Papers. by Virginia Kearney 42. Proposal. 100 Current Events Research Paper Topics with Research Links. by Virginia Kearney 16. by Virginia Kearney 8. Extended Essay Ideas Chemistry. 100 Current Events Research Paper Topics with Research Links. by on online shopping Virginia Kearney 16. Easy Words to extended essay ideas chemistry, Use as Sentence Starters to Write Better Essays. by Virginia Kearney 127. How to , Write an Argument Essay Step by Step. by Virginia Kearney 15. infectious diseases like the extended, flesh eating disease is interesting to read about. really interested in molecular biology and questions genome mapping.

Virginia Kearney 12 days ago from United States. Extended Essay Chemistry. Sure Samantha, although I don't know what information is 2010 ged essay, available on that topic. Extended Ideas Chemistry. You can search for dog communication in Google Scholar to get some idea of any studies that have already been done. Essays On Online Shopping. we are doing a project for science and extended ideas i want to do a project on how dogs communicate, would that be related to science? interested in moleculer biology and good cover letters medicine. I am Interest in Data and communication network specially in performance analysis of VoIP over Wimax networks. Tshivhinda Murunwa 5 weeks ago. Thank you so much. Virginia Kearney 5 weeks ago from United States. Hi Celeste--I have many different science fair project ideas with full instructions. Look at my profile for ideas. Riley Bozarth 5 weeks ago.

Plenty of cool topics in the Astronomy and extended ideas chemistry Physics category. I am at school and I wanna ask. What would be a good project for science research class? Were having difficulty picking a project for our 'science fair'. It isn't really a science fair though more like a presentation. What good ideas can I use with like space stuff? Virginia Kearney 6 weeks ago from United States. EunJae, you might want to look at my science experiment about the salinity of water in cv writing services, agriculture.

How about in agricultural aspects? Are there any common problems that arising nowadays? I really need help. Ideas Chemistry. Thank you. it was interesting. I'm really interested in theoretical physics. Virginia Kearney 7 weeks ago from United States. Hi Lily, I have a lot of different science fair projects I have designed. The one that seems to ged essay, suit your idea best is How does salt water affect seed germination.

It is on extended ideas chemistry owlcation, and you can find it by searching my profile page or googling it, or this link: Hi Virginia. I have a science fair coming up and I need help for a topic. So I've already put down environmental management as my topic and destruction as my heading because I was going to conduct an experiment on something else. But now that won't work and I'm planning on doing a research project. Essay. So do you have any ideas of what I could say that has anything to do with the destruction of the extended essay ideas, earth? It would help if you would reply ASAP. Thanks xxx. 8 weeks ago. Thank you for this information and I am learning from you. Fine Art Thesis. Virginia Kearney 2 months ago from United States. Hi Annie, you might try one of the following: Do multi media science presentations work more effectively to extended essay, help students retain information?

Which type of multi media teaching method is most effective for science students? Annie Blase 2 months ago. Fine Proposal. hi! ..I would like to have a research on teaching science through multimedia,, any suggestions what would be a good topic? Thank you.. Virginia Kearney 2 months ago from United States. Ideas. Jessica--Good topic idea!

Something like: What is the value of military, space exploration of extended essay ideas chemistry, other planets for military humans? Jessica Jones 2 months ago. I think something on essay how looking at other planets in the universe helps us learn more about our own would be a good topic. Fine Proposal. Virginia Kearney 3 months ago from United States. Hi Suzie! You've come to the right place. I have over 100 articles on writing and other articles on doing science projects.

You can see my articles under my profile or just search for a topic. You can also see other articles written by me linked on the side. Suzie Sheep 3 months ago. Hello Mrs. I would like some more tips for my students in my class. They all need a project on something.

Cheers. Essay Chemistry. Thank you so much ma'am. Virginia Kearney 3 months ago from United States. Hi Mini--I will add some microbiology topics. On Online. Thanks for the suggestion.

Here are a couple of ideas taken from currently important research: What is the recent update on the Corynebacterium species and their clinical significance? What are the best ways for medical personnel to handle the growing problem of antibacterial resistance? Can older techniques like anti-microbial peptides be used effectively to treat bacteria? I would like to know some potential research topics? related to medical microbiology. Essay Ideas Chemistry. I am currently doing my bachelor's in microbiology. Virginia Kearney 3 months ago from United States. Hi Gaea and Meeme, I'm not exactly sure what you are looking for in applied science but you might want to check out my science fair experiments or else look at my topics regarding technology topics. hello :) your ideas are great but is there any physical science experiment? just a simple experiment please? we're already on experimental research.

Hi, the essays on online, ideas are all great, but I'm looking for a topic for experimental research on physical or as they call it, applied science. Can you help me with that? Virginia Kearney 3 months ago from extended, United States. Hi Purple--You might want to look at my article about Technology Topics. That one includes more links to articles. You might also look at my article on questions 100 Current Events because the bottom section talks about essay ideas chemistry medical and health topics.

Hi, the professional services, ideas are pretty good but i'm looking for a quantitative research or experimental research related to extended ideas chemistry, the medical field. I have seen some from the given topics but i'm hoping there's more. :) Virginia Kearney 3 months ago from United States. Hi JJ-Try looking at my article on technology topics because that has a lot of links to help you out. If you are actually doing a science experiment and not just a research paper, I have a lot of different step-by-step experiments too. You can find them by going to , my profile page. Are there easy topics that a secondary student could handle. Your ideas are good but its hard. Virginia Kearney 4 months ago from United States. Hi Anne--You might want to look at extended ideas my article on 100 Technology ideas. That includes some research article links and also does have both engineering and medical topics. Anne Nonaemusk 4 months ago.

Just wanted to , say that this website is ideas, very helpful in , our PR 1, but my classmate and I are still confused on chemistry what research topic to tackle. I'm pursuing the medical field (STEM); my friend's engineering (STEM). Could you please suggest some topics for the both of us? We'd also greatly appreciate suggestions coming from the fellow readers. We actually had our topics, yet it was rejected by our professor because he told us that why would we even take STEM if our research topic would be off. So, we're struggling now in changing our topic. Please reply ASAP? Thank you very much! -A.

N. Great! Thanks for good military the ideas! These are really great topics, some just give me an existential crisis though. Cristina Narvaez 4 months ago. Very helpful and mind blowing topics.. austinedgmon 4 months ago. this site is cool and helpful. Thank you for your collection of topics. this site is very usefull. Ideas. Virginia Kearney 5 months ago from United States. Hi Jessica--If you want to build something, you might want to steroid research, consider engineering topics.

I have some articles about building a bomb detecting robot. You might also want to research how to build nanobots. I am in research science and chemistry I have no idea what I want to do. I'm interested in cover template, building something. Virginia Kearney 5 months ago from United States. Hi Jonah--Look out for a new article I'm writing on extended essay easy topics. Most of these are aimed at college students but I'm discovering that there are a lot of professional, younger students looking for topics too. Another place to get some inspiration right now is essay chemistry, my technology topics article, which gives a lot of links to research articles that you can use. That makes it easier because you get a head start on page your research.

Hi! These research ideas are all good. Essay Chemistry. If you have any easier research topic pls do tell - still science related. Ged Essay. Thank you! Virginia Kearney 5 months ago from United States. Essay Chemistry. Hi ALX--If you are going to research, do a science project rather than a research paper, you might want to look up my science fair ideas. I have over chemistry 10 proven science fair projects for ages from kindergarten through secondary school. If you are doing a paper and want a project to research, you might want to try looking at my article 100 Technology topics for essay because that one has a lot of links to articles you can use. Hello, I am going to enter a science competition but still can't find an interesting topic. These topics are good but hard for me to understand because I am only in secondary school (first year). Good Military. Can anyone please help me . Virginia Kearney 6 months ago from United States.

Hi Maleni--Here are some topics that are very current: How can chemistry contribute to the development of extended essay ideas chemistry, new types of batteries? What are the ways biomacromolecules or synthetic molecules can be used in imaging or for new medical therapies? Maleni Anguisaca 6 months ago. Hello can anyone help me with a interesting topic for my chemistry class? I have to do a paper bases on proposal anything that has to do with chemistry! Virginia Kearney 6 months ago from United States. Mirtha: Here are some alternative research questions on the topic of euthanasia: Do euthanasia tend to happen more to poor people? Should an essay chemistry individual be able to consider the anabolic steroid, burden of medical costs on their family when making a decision about euthanasia? What is the extended ideas chemistry, cause of most people wanting to choose euthanasia? Is there a moral difference between passive euthanasia vs. active physician-assisted dying?

Mirtha Torres 6 months ago. What are other research questions that involve euthanasia? I am really interested in writing about this, I'm just not sure how to form a scientific question about it for my research paper. Please let me know the letters, topics of Neuroscience? Virginia Kearney 6 months ago from United States. Tanner: for physical sciences, I'd do a nanotechnology topic. That is interesting and current and you should be able to find plenty to essay ideas chemistry, write about. Consider questions like: What is the future of nanotechnology? Or How nanotechnology will improve our lives. what is a good topic for a physical science term paper that is 5 pages long. Virginia Kearney 6 months ago from United States.

James: here are a couple of current topics you can consider: Are radiography departments prepared for morbidly obese patients? Another along this line would be: How has the increase in morbid obesity changed the medical field or changed radiography? How can the field of radiography best help patients to have better outcomes? JAMES VICTOR 6 months ago. Hello help me with a topic under radiography or in medical field (health sciences) Virginia Kearney 6 months ago from United States. Hi Jafta, I would suggest that you look up some forensic study journals. That will give you an idea of the questions, types of articles and studies that are done in forensic investigations. Getting a couple of sources on the same topic will put you ahead in writing your paper. To write a topic for research, you need to find something that people are debating in ideas, forensic studies.

Use these questions to help you choose a topic: What do you want to know more about? What is the most important unsolved problem? What can I research that will help me understand this job better? Can you please help me with the topic I am studying forensic investigation. The question is Based on 2010 ged essay questions your field of study, propose a suitable research topic for your study? Christiana Bethea 6 months ago. It really helps to find topics.

Matthew Zhu 7 months ago. Wow, how did you know I needed this? Thank you! I have a presentation at /2017/3/6/. hey can you post more science questions and ideas involving science? Virginia Kearney 7 months ago from extended, United States. Hi Manelisi--If you are looking for research topics in a particular field or area, you will often get the best ideas by searching for current trends or current research in ged essay, that field.

You can also look at the most recent journal articles in top journals of that field. hi there I am mostly interested in chemistry. Both organic and inorganic chemistry. What fascinating research topics can I find there. Virginia Kearney 7 months ago from chemistry, United States. Hi, Keroki! Nanotechnology is a particularly interesting field of study right now to research with changes happening all the fine art thesis, time. Essay Ideas. However, if you have to conduct an experiment, then think about what your time period will be and essays on online choose something that you can complete during that time. There's so much to choose from and ideas they're all so good but I can only pick one. What topic is best for a quantitative research, around 50 pages long? I really want an steroid research paper interesting topic so I can develop it further. Not astronomy related because I might have to extended chemistry, conduct action research.

Xavier Keaton 7 months ago. I don't know what to choose, I'm a senior in cover template, high school, and extended ideas have to find a topic that i will be and to write a ten page resaerch paper with. Cheap. Any ideas? Thanks i need these ideas for my science report. Marie Impriem 7 months ago. Extended Chemistry. Very helpful. Thanks.

I liked the topics. Very helpful. Thank you. Ged Essay. luke siglow 8 months ago. this is just awesome thanks for extended this. Steroid Research Paper. faith brugler 8 months ago. Extended. these ideas are great. Essays Shopping. Tayef Hasan 9 months ago. I really love science. Virginia Kearney 10 months ago from United States. So glad it helps Zach! Hope your presentation goes well. Chemistry. zack smith 10 months ago. thank you for these ideas im doing this for my science presentation.

Emmanuella 10 months ago. Wonderful! Thanks for cheap professional cv writing all these useful ideas. Virginia Kearney 10 months ago from essay ideas, United States. Fine Art Thesis Proposal. Check Science Daily for zoology news and extended essay you will find the page template, latest topics that are being researched. Ideas Chemistry. kindly suggest me topic for research now in zoology whatever is 2010 ged essay questions, it ob BS Level. You should do one on animals and other organisms. lokcxkvjhbd 11 months ago. Chemistry. This is very interesting information, some of these stuff I don't even know about. this is so interesting. Virginia Kearney 15 months ago from United States.

That is a good idea. Do you have some specific aspect of physical science that you are interested in pursuing? can you add some ideal topics about physical science? Virginia Kearney 16 months ago from 2010 ged essay questions, United States. Hi, Kirti! Glad you were helped by the topics. My students are the extended ideas chemistry, ones who have helped to write many of my topics. That helps me to make sure that my topics are ones that students like to good, write about.

Kirti kannojiya 16 months ago. I love all the topics posted on this site. Chemistry and philosophy. Thanks! This is great, has so many helpful topics. :) Dylan Corey 20 months ago.

Genetic engineering/ recombinant DNA. Essay Ideas. all are such an interesting topics i am a student .my teacher said me to look this site i looked it has so many topics related to my studies. i like it. My favorite thing to learn about cv writing is the ideas, big bang theory and what it was like during caveman times. luvscience 22 months ago. LUV all these ideas. ihatescienceyay 22 months ago. I hate science (yay) but some of these are really good! For example, the veraflu add!! ilovescience34 22 months ago. Amazing! I loved these ideas!

Thank you so much! how colors effect the mood. Amy 23 months ago from Darlington, England. Fine Art Thesis Proposal. I clicked other as I love computer science, robotics, space science, genetics and essay theoretical physics. Cover. The latter being my main focus. Aryan paharia 2 years ago. Very nice for young students I really liked it.

I guess you should have an example of scientific research. What I mean is you will give us topics then we will reasearch about extended essay chemistry it. Experiment is the exact word. Virginia Kearney 2 years ago from United States. Donald--I'm sorry you didn't find anything here that worked for you. I have a lot of other articles with topics for papers.

You might want to try those. Didn't see a lot of topics on physics or physical chemistry, more on those would be great :) Copyright 2017 HubPages Inc. and respective owners. Paper. Other product and company names shown may be trademarks of extended essay chemistry, their respective owners. HubPages ® is good cover, a registered Service Mark of HubPages, Inc.

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Extended Essay | IB Chemistry - Jon Chui

“How do Locard’s Theory and Individualisation demonstrate that a suspect was present at a crime scene during the commission of an offence?” “Wherever he steps, whatever he touches, whatever he leaves, even unconsciously, will serve as a silent witness against him. Not only his fingerprints or his footprints, but his hair, the fibers from his clothes, the glass he breaks, the tool mark he leaves, the paint he scratches, the blood or semen he deposits or collects. All of extended essay, these and more, bear mute witness against him. This is evidence that does not forget. It is not confused by the excitement of the moment.

It is not absent because human witnesses are. It is factual evidence. Physical evidence cannot be wrong, it cannot perjure itself, it cannot be wholly absent. Only human failure to find it, study and understand it, can diminish its value.” [#1] According to the popular idiom referring to Dr. Edmond Locard’s theory of exchange “every contact leaves a trace” . Locard’s publications make no mention of an “exchange principle,” although he did make the extended essay chemistry, observation “Il est impossible au malfaiteur d’agir avec l’intensite que suppose l’action criminelle sans laisser des traces de son passage.” (It is impossible for a criminal to act, especially considering the intensity of shopping, a crime, without leaving traces of this presence.). The term “principle of exchange” first appears in Police and Crime-Detection Today in 1940, and was adapted from Locard’s observations. [#2] That evolved in essay chemistry what we know today as Locard’s theory and fine art thesis found its place in a field of modern forensic science.

When a crime is extended chemistry, committed, police officers and investigators are often left with only small fragments of evidence which are just a part of the bigger image. According to Locard by coming into contact with objects at the crime scene, a criminal also takes part of that scene with him. That means there is always some evidence left, even if investigators fail to spot them, that doesn’t mean evidence do not exist. Materials found at the crime scene must link the scene of the murder with the suspect or his personal environment. It is very important to gather the evidence avoiding cross contamination as in court, prosecution’s case against the accused may be based exclusively and essentially on the evidence of the trace materials. [#3] Well acquired and preserved exhibits can be crucial in conviction of a suspect. In Edward Charles Splatt’s case in the final conclusion jury stated that the “the number (of trace materials) was too great to research be attributed to extended essay chemistry coincidence or accident” and that “the accused must have been so closely in contact with the deceased that he must have been her attacker and essays shopping indeed her slayer.” [#4] In given scenario we assume that fingerprints and the suspect’s blood are found on a murder weapon at the scene but the suspect denies ever entering the premises. We can use given evidence to connect the suspect with the crime scene and try to letters prove that he was present at the scene during the commission of the offence [Fig1]. To achieve that we need at least three different members of the scientific personnel.

Crime Scene Investigators (CSIs), also known as Scenes of extended essay ideas chemistry, Crime Officers (SOCOs). Anabolic Steroid Research Paper. Their tasks are to attend crime scenes and to protect them to avoid evidence being disturbed. Also to record and essay ideas examine exhibits. The evidence they discover is cheap cv writing, then used to investigate crimes. Extended Essay Ideas Chemistry. [#5] During the crime scene examination SOCO’s as much as they cannot forget about retrieving even the , smallest piece of evidence they must also keep an eye on essay chemistry the whole context of the situation. While seeking of essay template, all of the individual elements or trace materials it is important that the extended chemistry, Crime Scene Examiner has a holistic approach to the examined case. According to Robertson and Roux (2009) it is almost impossible to identify, test and revise relevant hypotheses otherwise. It is essay cover template, essential to take this under the consideration right at the beginning of the investigation, as later, individual analysts will have to cover page template conduct their examination of individual materials with what was selected by the crime scene ‘sorter’ and essay ideas chemistry without the benefit of a broader context. At the investigative stage trace evidence may be critical in identifying relevant hypotheses and providing investigative leads. [#6]

Now, let’s assume that during the search of the crime scene a weapon with fingerprints and blood on fine it was discovered. To find blood, SOCO, which was attending the crime scene mentioned above in text, could choose the Kastle-Meyer test that uses the substance called phenolphthalein, which is normally colourless, but turns pink in the presence of blood. Another test for extended essay ideas chemistry, blood is luminal, which is sprayed over good military cover letters, a room to extended ideas chemistry detect even the tiniest droplets of blood. While recovering fingerprints from on online, a crime scene, CSI attending should typically use fingerprint powder and a brush. The composition of the powder depends on the manufacturer and type of powder. Extended Essay Ideas Chemistry. Some may contain finely ground graphite while others contain finely ground volcanic rock. Ged Essay Questions. They also come in a variety of colours, including fluorescent, to increase contrast with the background. In any case, the most important thing is ideas, that the powder is finely ground and stays very dry. [#7] Visible prints are made on a card, or on a type of surface that creates an impression, such as blood or dirt. Latent prints are made when sweat, oil and other substances on the skin reproduce the fingerprints on a glass, murder weapon or any other surface the perpetrator has touched. [#8]

During any investigation, Crime Scene Coordinator is responsible for setting the chain of command. It helps with providing objective, unbiased, factual and scientific evidence. Now the fingerprints and the blood sample should be sent for further laboratory investigation. Since the military letters, discovery that every person’s fingerprints are unique and after the famous Scheffer’s case from 1902 (the first case where the identification, arrest and conviction of a murderer was based upon fingerprint evidence) fingerprint analysis became an integral part of the law enforcement process. [#9] A fingerprint expert is the one who has adequate training, scientific knowledge and understanding, as well as structured practice and experience in ridge comparison and extended ideas chemistry identification, allowing him or her to give professional opinion in relation to essays on online fingerprints, palm prints and foot prints [Fig.2] in essay ideas court. [#10] Lab personnel can check the , recovered fingerprints using IDENT1 which is the United Kingdom’s central national database for holding, searching and comparing biometric information on those who come in contact with the police as detainees being arrested. Information held includes fingerprints, palm prints and extended essay scene of crime marks. Cover Template. [#11]

Fingerprint test can establish the suspect’s identity and in conclusion help the police to locate the extended ideas chemistry, offender. Also it gives the prove that the murder weapon was held by the same person. The blood sample found at our crime scene was send to the laboratory. Forensic Scientists provide impartial scientific evidence for use in courts of law in order to support the prosecution or defence in criminal and civil investigations. Forensic scientists are primarily concerned with examining contact trace material associated with crimes. This follows the principle that ‘every contact leaves a trace’ which can offer potential evidence to link the suspect with the scene of the crime, the victim or the weapon. Using scientific equipment, forensic scientists identify the components of the , samples and match them up. When analysing the extended ideas, blood found at the scene of a crime, the first thing that has to be determined is art thesis proposal, whether the stain is actually blood or some other bodily fluid. This is done using a simple test involving a solution that changes colour when it comes into contact with haemoglobins or peroxidase in the blood.

Another type of test commonly used involves luminal spray, which makes any residue containing blood to glow in the dark as well as picking up on traces of chemistry, blood that may have been scrubbed away. The next step is essay cover page template, confirming whether the bloodstain belongs to a human. Determining to which person the bloodstain belongs involves an investigation of blood types. The human blood contains over extended essay ideas chemistry, 100 different antigens. Serologists use a number of on online, different blood testing techniques, but by far the most common and effective technique is the ABO system. For finer results yet, the blood groups can be assigned either a + or a – figure after it [Fig.3]. [#12] After all the ideas, evidence were found at the crime scene, sent to the laboratory and examined; the results can be used to try to fine art thesis proposal prove that the suspect was at the crime scene while committing the offence. We can base our reasoning on Locard’s exchange theory and extended essay ideas back it up with inductive logic. When having true premises we can assume that a conclusion must also be true. 1. Evidence was found at the crime scene. 2. Evidence is , connected to the suspect.

3. Therefore the suspect must be connected to the crime scene. As long as proving the existence of the essay ideas chemistry, connection between suspect and the crime scene using the evidence previously analysed in on online shopping the laboratory is not that hard, we still cannot prove irrefutably that the extended essay chemistry, suspect committed the crime and that he was present at the scene while the fine art thesis, crime was committed. Even during the crime reconstruction which is “the determination of the extended essay chemistry, actions surrounding the commission of a crime.” [#13] , we cannot prove beyond the reasonable doubt that the suspect linked with the murder weapon actually killed the victim. Locard’s theory can help investigators to consolidate the connection between the essay page template, scene and the suspect but cannot give the answer if the suspect was actually present while committing the murder. Doing so involves further interrogation of the suspect combined with presenting him previously gathered evidences for extended essay ideas, the purpose of obtaining the suspect’s statement. According to good Douglas (1992) violent crime scenes (e.g. murder) require investigators to ideas be “diagnosticians.” To make sure that the offender will be discovered and prosecuted investigators must take under the consideration that the final result depends on their insight into the dynamics of human behaviour. Considering the evidence found at the crime scenes investigators can try to cheap cv writing services link the suspect with the murder by working out his modus operandi (M.O.), which is the offender’s actions while committing the crime, and consider victimology (characteristics of the victims) in order to eliminate the connection to one offender. [#14] In conclusion using only Locard’s Theory and extended ideas Individualisation to demonstrate that a suspect was present at the crime scene during the commission of the offence is not enough for certain conviction. It should be used as a main basis during the crime scene investigation but it must be combined with other forensic methods and principles in essay page order to produce a fully satisfying and unquestionable results. #1. Kirk, L.P. (1953) Crime investigation: physical evidence and essay ideas the police laboratory.

New York: Interscience Publishers. #2. Morrish R. (1940) The Police and Crime-Detection Today . London: Oxford University Press, p.72. #4. South Australia: Royal Commission (1984) Report Concerning the Conviction of Edward Charles Splatt, Gov. Printer. #6. Robertson, J. and Roux, C. (2010) ‘Trace evidence: Here today, gone tomorrow?’, Science Justice, 50 (1), pp.18-22. #13.

Chisum, J. (1999) ‘An Introduction to good letters Crime Reconstruction’ in extended ideas chemistry Turvey B. Criminal Profiling: An Introduction to Behavioral Evidence Analysis . London: Academic Press. #14. Douglas, J.E. and Munn C. (1992) Violent Crime Scene Analysis: Modus Operandi, Signature, and Stagin. FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin. “The Criminal Justice System operates free of prejudice and discrimination.” In this work I would like to fine art thesis highlight the issue of gender differentiation in the modern justice system. Are we all equal in the eyes of the law? Are we judged for extended ideas chemistry, our crimes or are we judged according to our gender?

In order to address these questions I have used articles from three different disciplines: law, criminology and forensics. At first it could seem that there is no reason for cover page, discussion. In the modern era of female emancipation and extended human rights there should be no doubt if our justice system still stays prejudice in the area of gender differences and see us all as equals when we face the cover page, law. Extended Essay Chemistry. To my great disappointment data I have got familiar with seems to state otherwise. Is it the fault of the male culture overpowering all the main government bodies and steroid research disciplines during all these years of patriarchal control?

Is it that ‘macho’ practice became institutionalised and implemented as a normal acceptable social norm of extended ideas chemistry, behaviour? If we consider how our law has historically criminalised aggression – how certain types of anti-social conduct have been targeted, while other have been either formally or practically left unregulated, we can see a distinction according to gender. Does it mean that such law is reflecting only ged essay male patterns of behaviour and exclusively accepts only male standards of adequate conduct? Let’s take a closer look. Gender, Crime and extended essay Criminal Justice: Edward’s Women on Trial . In Doris Marie Provine (1986) review essay of “Gender, Crime and essays on online Criminal Justice: Edward`s Women on ideas chemistry Trial ” she seems to agree with the author’s point of view that the crime itself is prevalently a male activity although it can’t be simplified by the opinion that as men are the on online shopping, main group of the offenders therefore crime is a male `activity`. Unequal division of “guilt” can be immediately noticed. Men and extended women tend to `take the lead` in different categories of law-breaking activities [Fig.1]. Good Military Cover Letters. As men outnumber women in nearly every type of the offence, women tend to distinct themselves in prostitution, shoplifting and ideas chemistry welfare frauds (Provine, 1986, p.571).

Can it be said that we are dealing with strictly divided male and female crime? If so, should the matter of good cover, gender be taken under the consideration while standing a trial? The record gathered by Edward’s (1984) points out that men and women charged with similar crimes tend to essay ideas be judged and sentenced on 2010 questions the same ground suggesting that the essay ideas, offender’s gender has only a small influence on the course of the case, although the history of art thesis proposal, judicial system demonstrates that even a ‘small impact’ can play a huge role in the final verdict of the extended essay, court. Apparently patterns of chivalry and paternalism can be observed in the male ranks of the police, prosecutors and judges (Provine,1986, p. 571). Essay Cover Template. What is the cause of such behaviour towards female criminality? The answer is essay ideas chemistry, not clear.

Women’s participation in criminal activity is relatively smaller than their male counterparts. Does it mean that it can be treated as an exception that can be dealt with less strictness? Data shows that women tend to receive more or less severe sanctions in essays complete reverse to men while being judged for the same kind of offence [Fig.2]. What the research clearly presents are the double standards regarding female sexuality (Provine, 1986, p.578) and failure in applying a `unisex` approach into the justice system. According to Provine (1986, p. 574) standards that define criminal justice are fluid and people involved consult their own experience in order to extended ideas determinate what is cheap professional services, criminal, what is excusable, what kind of punishment is deserved and chemistry when behaviour is deemed inexcusable. It must be taken under consideration that lawmakers rely on their own common-sense understanding of normal male/female relations in creating the penal law (Provine, 1986, p.575). It can’t be overlooked that the system we are talking about was and still is dominated by men lacking the women’s point of view (Provine, 1986, p.575). That to be said we can’t really talk about adopting typical male stereotypes and on online shopping the impact they have on essay ideas chemistry the perception of the anabolic research, crime by the court, as such, are already implicated in the law itself.

The same law lacking the female approach tends to believe in sexual stereotypes determined mainly for women. What’s interesting, only by extended essay ideas chemistry fulfilling these stereotypes women can expect the less harsh treatment in the criminal justice system, as being recognised as a ‘female’ in strictly manly oriented code of law, they seem not to pose the , same threat as a “normal” male offender. Never the less such approach is essay ideas, extremely harmful for females. When engaged in violent crimes they will be undoubtedly disadvantaged as they enter what is typically considered as a ‘male field of crime’. Women will not only professional cv writing services be judged for distinguishing themselves from a “standard” female stereotype but also according to Provine (1986, p. 579) they will be seen as deviant as they can’t be confronted as men. It is highly possible for extended, them to expect more severe sentences than men in the same position. One of the most feminised crimes is prostitution. Provine (1986, p. 577) states that the English law creates clear double standards: females are subject to prosecution for solicitation, but not males, even if they are homosexuals looking for male customers. Essay. In the eyes of law men can only be judged for pimping, keeping a brothel or living on prostitutes earnings (please keep in mind that laws have changed since the time of essay ideas, publishing by Provine). What seems to be strange; it hardly ever happens for good cover, prostitutes to be arrested. Apparently only these women who work on extended essay ideas the street actively looking for clients and exposing themselves publicly with their profession can risk arrest.

According to Provine (1986, p.577) police see prostitution as an offence that harms no one. Maybe because the system dominated by men can understand prostitute’s clients too well? The administration of , British laws regarding prostitution is inflexible and can be characterised by unforgiving attitude towards female sexual activity. It can be clearly seen in the legislative history of various sexual offence statutes. Extended Essay Chemistry. The British effort to monitor prostitution began with the 1824 Vagrancy Act and by 1860 Parliament had widen police powers regarding the art thesis, prostitution. The Contagious Disease Acts of 1864, 1866, and 1869 allowed the police to compel the ideas, women they arrested on the grounds of prostitution to a necessary gynaecological examination.

In the 80s that approach became more paternalistic and legislation of that time focused more on child prostitution and violent behaviour by pimps (I think the “newest” legal document related to prostitution is art thesis, Sexual Offences Act 2003). The law regarding female sexual activities is made and regulated by men population. In that case, how can we expect equal treatment for both genders when women who are standing trial before judges can be possibly asking for leniency a very own “service user”? Provine’s review is very satisfying and ideas chemistry allows the reader to get a very close insight into Edward’s work. Good Military Cover. Unfortunately it clearly lacks a constructive criticism. She definitely agrees with the extended chemistry, outcomes of cheap cv writing services, Edward’s research sharing her view on modern female criminology and its advantages and flaws. She also points out that the concept of gender is crucial in extended essay Edward’s work as it reminds of the fact that it is society which enforces gender differences in a social context. Sadly Provine seems to forget, maybe blinded by the conviction of total dominance of ‘macho’ culture in every aspect of life, that the society is ‘us’ created by both men and women, and gives both genders opportunity to shape our public sphere. On Online Shopping. Also indicating as a flaw in extended ideas chemistry Edward’s work the fact of steroid paper, leaving to extended ideas chemistry many topic open to interpretation by her readers is remarkably unfair as a good research should provide the necessary data (which Women on Trial does) and on to of that it has to stay flexible and open for questions, discussion and criticism as that crystalise the final outcome.

Feminist Criminology and Probation Practice: The Implications for Teaching DipSW (The Diploma in Social Work) Probation Courses. According to Dominelli (1993) law is created by ‘white and upper class men’. That’s why in Kemshall’s (1995, p. Extended Ideas Chemistry. 79) opinion it is important to implement knowledge of feminist criminology into nowadays teaching curriculum to page avoid wider gender inequalities institutionalised both within Probation and the Criminal Justice system. It is extremely important to take a closer look on the Probation Service and its approach towards dealing with the gender issues. It is vital to essay ideas ask questions and raise doubts about its efficiency in satisfying the , norms of a proper probation service towards female offenders.

Kemshall’s (1995, p. Essay Ideas. 85) points out that for now it is impossible to accurately answer any of these topics as the ‘maleness’ is the norm to which the experiences of women “should” be compared. Fine. That practice is deeply rooted therefore following data doesn’t surprise; in all Criminal Justice agencies only extended 9% of the 454 assistant’s recorders are women and only 4% of the High Court Judges or Lord Justices of Appeal have two X chromosomes (Crook, 1993). On that example stratification of the pyramidal structure of Probation can be easily compared (but I would like to point out that ladies are doing great at the ‘organic work’ [Fig.3]). It is necessary to extended essay chemistry recognise different realities and different points of view to challenge existing power structures. Unfortunately only few areas have developed specialist services for women delivered by women. As relatively knew it is important for cheap, them to demonstrate a long term durability as only then the significant data can be obtained; although according to extended ideas Kemshall (1995, p. 83) the vast majority of mainstream practice remains untouched by art thesis the feminist approach and reflects the marginalised nature of extended essay ideas chemistry, service for , women (and now dear Reader have a look at the Fig.3 again and analyse the trend after 1995). Kemshall highlights that the only way of changing the Probation Service to be open and ready for new challenges connected with female criminology and treating females in probation with appropriate measures is a need of essay ideas chemistry, complete deconstruction and rebuild of the shopping, theoretical base of Probation practice which is essentially masculinist in extended essay chemistry orientation. That masculine character of disciplinary procedures, censure and good military social regulation can be observed on every step of Probation Service which obviously leads to discrimination due to the gender. It is not said that this kind of behaviour is intentional but it’s clear that it derive from essay ideas chemistry, a strictly male background of practice.

Unfortunately male staff without a proper training will be destined to treat female service users as men or display unnecessary, patronising approach which might be harmful for cheap professional cv writing, the final outcome of the service. That’s why the chemistry, main goal of modern Probation Service should be actively engaging in introducing its students to modern Feminist Criminology theory to 2010 ged essay provide necessary comparison with its masculinist counterpart (Kemshall, 1995, p. 87). In Kmeshall’s opinion (1995, p. 90) it is a base that would encourage an active celebration of diversity and validation of the essay ideas chemistry, different experiences of both men and women within Probation Service. The main goal is to make students aware of masculine nature of disciplinary procedures and how these have been reflected in the Probation Service’s response to women offenders. Unfortunately it looks like proposed approach lacks the explanation on how that situation can be changed (there’s a lot of “shoulds” rather than “hows”). That may lead to students trying to “bypass” the new curriculum and stick to the old ‘macho culture’ in order to make it more adoptable for female offenders (but that kind of thinking doesn’t solve the , problem). Students should be taught how to ideas chemistry critically engage with the problem instead of ‘tackling’ it and getting the ‘job done’. They should be introduced to proposal the topic but not indoctrinated by ideas it.

It seems like the feminist theory must be compulsory for essay cover template, everyone both men and female. What if someone disagree with that concept? Will that person feel as rejected as women for simply differing with them? It should be every student’s own free admission as to agree with that theory or not. Extended. It doesn’t mean that by not supporting changes the person will become a bad Probation Worker (change always have in mind difference but not necessary improvement). Maybe it is not the Feminist Criminal theory to be wildly accepted but the art thesis proposal, fact that men and women are different not due to essay ideas the types of crimes they commit (which seems to be the main distinction) but their modus operandi and the reasons behind it? Maybe there should be stricter division between Probation Service for women and men instead of trying to unify changes between the genders known for ages? Kemshall (1995, p. Extended Essay Ideas Chemistry. 90) states that it is also a difficult time for women staff and women offenders. Why is that? It seems like with the introduction of feminist theory people started to realise that there is an actual “problem”.

Readers are bombarded with data of Probation Service being unstaffed by female workers and how ‘macho culture’ is dominant (no wonder if there were, proportionally, few female workers at the time of Kemshall’s publishing) but Kemshall’s still fails to explain why. She concentrates on sketching the harsh environment for females in the ranks of Probation Service. The question is; are men creating the “wall” between two genders? Or maybe it is women’s inability to find themselves in non-female dominated environment [Fig.4]? Female offenders: Assessment of risk in forensic settings. Annette McKeown in her work (2010) highlights the volume of research exploring the application of violence risk assessments to female offender population. She is discussing uncertainties regarding the use of these applications on women. Extended Ideas Chemistry. The article mainly concentrates on HCR-20 (Historical Clinical Risk Management-20) and VRS-2 (Violence Risk Scale second edition) factors but also mentions PCL-R (Psychopaty Checklist – Revised). They play the key role in ascertaining suitability for treatment, progress following treatment, and informing decision making progression through the criminal justice system (McKeown, 2010, p. 422).

McKeown in her work is on online shopping, questioning the use of these factors in assessing women. Extended Essay. She points out that they were developed by men for men and they might not be applicable towards women or at least not that efficient in all fields which might lead to essay chemistry production of false data which is not only misleading for researchers but mainly for female offenders as being badly diagnosed may lead to art thesis further complications in processing their convictions in criminal justice system. Does using existing risk assessments on female offenders might not indeed capture the risk factors of women? That is why a holistic and woman-centred approach in work with female offenders is so recommended (Department of Health, 2002). According to essay Forouzan Cooke (2005) the construct of psychopathy varies across gender and warrants consideration. To begin with, the examination of existing knowledge on paper female pathways into offending behaviour is in need for closer investigation.

McKeown is trying to answer the question if the meaning of gender difference and its criminal background may indicate a need of finding new assessing techniques or only essay ideas implementing some changes in the one’s already existing. In her work she critically approaches every technique of proposal, assessment risk factors separately concentrating on the research gathered from extended essay chemistry, many different sources which allows the reader to fine art thesis see the wide spectrum of the issue. Unfortunately some data might be questionable in their results as the topic of gender and extended chemistry risk assessment is essay template, relatively new and lacks the proper acknowledgement from the scientists that; gender does makes a difference. Many reports fail to gather the sufficient number of extended ideas, test samples. For example a recent large scale prospective study of male and female prisoners in England and Wales was undertaken by Coid et al. (2009) which included 1396 male prisoners and only 321 female prisoners. How comparing such different numbers can give a relatively accurate outcome? Besides, if we take under consideration different motives between two genders in committing offences the results can be questionable. Some scientists try to overcome the problem of having not enough recipients or too big variation in 2010 ged essay questions numbers amongst two genders. In Strand and Belfrage (2001) 63 female patients who entered the Swedish forensic facility over chemistry, 10 years were compared against 85 male patients admitted to two Swedish forensic hospitals in 1998. But once again it is rather debatable how can the group of , women across the essay chemistry, 10 year period be compared to the group of males just from one certain year? All this may cast a shadow of doubt on McKeown’s work.

Obviously it is not easy to gather the necessary materials in such, fairly new, field. Shopping. Even thought obtaining data cannot always be easy, it is a good step forward in order to highlight that current methods used to source information and choose respondents should be improved and properly adjusted by the understanding of gender differences. The Criminal Justice System is constantly evolving but the process is slow and sometimes it can be barely seen. The use of extended essay ideas, stereotypes and prejudice towards women are still present in our everyday life, sometimes fairly condemned as the remains of the “past” era of gender intolerance while every now and then unfortunately “enriched” by new cliches. Luckily women’s expectations have changed since the rise of feminist movement. Nowadays women are growing more confident of military cover, what they want from the Criminal Justice System, the very same system that was always a domain of men, deaf and blind to women’s rights who are a different gender with peculiar needs to fulfil.

But what can be noticed, after closer examination of the three articles composing this bibliographic synopsis, is that Criminal Justice System is becoming more aware of women’s rights in the areas of law, criminology and forensic science. Women don’t expect the system to magically change all of a sudden. Essay. They want to play the key role in shaping its future and have an impact on the changes that are yet to come. Who knows maybe we will witness an inner transformation of Criminal Justice System from a ‘macho culture’ into a ‘femme fatale’ one #128521; 1. Coid, J. et al. (2009) Gender differences in structured risk assessment: comparing the cheap cv writing, accuracy of five instruments. Journal of extended ideas chemistry, Consulting and paper Clinical Psychology, 77(2), pp.337-348. 2. Crook, F. Extended Ideas. (1993) ‘Discrimination and the criminal justice system’ in Senior, P. and Williams, B. (eds.) Values, Gender and cheap services Offending.

Pavic Publication. 3. Department of Health (2002) Women’s mental health: Into the mainstream. Strategic development of ideas chemistry, mental health care for good military letters, women. London: Department of essay ideas, Health. 4. Questions. Dominelli, L. (1993) ‘Concluding remarks: gender, values and extended ideas offending: where to 2010 next? A comment on the conference theme’ in Senior, P. and Williams, B. (eds.) Values, Gender and Offending. Pavic Publication. 5. Edwards, S.M. (1984) Women on Trial: A Study of the Female Suspect, Defendant and Offender in the Criminal Law and Criminal Justice System.

Dover, N.H: Manchester University Press. 6. Forouzan, E., and Cooke, D.J. (2005) Figuring out la femme fatale: Conceptual and assessment issues concerning psychopathy in females. Behavioral Science and the Law, 23, pp.765-778. 7. Kemshall, H. (1995) Feminist criminology and extended ideas chemistry probation practice: The implications for teaching DipSW probation courses. Social Work Education, 14(3), pp.79-93.

8. McKeown, A. Essay Cover Template. (2010) Female offenders: Assessment of risk in forensic settings. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 15 (2010), pp.422-429. 9. Provine, D.M. Essay Ideas Chemistry. (1986) Review: Gender, Crime and Criminal Justice: Edward’s “Women on Trial”. American Bar Foundation Research Journal , 11(3), pp.571-583. “Fight for your rights: Masculinism as a response against inequality.” I chose to discuss this particular topic as I feel very strongly about the essays on online, idea of equality and sensible tolerance that should be natural to every single human being. To be honest, for a very long time I haven’t seen a reason to care much about men’s rights.

As a person I was always aware of my statutory Human Rights but never of the particular right’s that only apply to men as a collective. It can be argued that if I don’t feel a need for or I don’t have to rely on certain laws to be able to execute what I think is extended essay chemistry, my legal right anyway, we can simply forget about the subject. So I did, for a while… As a man I sometimes feel like I’m treated worse on behalf of fine, women. Simple little things, starting from primary school where my first lesson was that “girls are smarter than boys” [Fig.1] (it was a general consensus between everyone, starting from the members of my family, through all the essay ideas chemistry, girls and ending on the teachers) and the second lesson taught me that “under no circumstances boys can hit girls…not even with a flower”[Fig.2]. It can be already noticed how these two examples place boys in “dumb and violent” category while girls are taught that they are “smart and untouchable”. I wonder why no one ever tells girls not to hit boys, especially when at the end of primary school some of them are taller and stronger than many. Of course it’s a common sense not to be violent against anyone without a good reason and extended essay ideas obviously everyone should know that…right?

If so, why boys are the group that requires an extra “curriculum” and reminders? There are many other issues involving men in education. I will not write about all of them as A – it is not really my field and B – I treat this note as a loose opening to steroid paper a greater discussion. Each of us has a different live form one another, sometimes very peculiar. People that potentially will read this might be from Europe, North America, Asia, Australia and essay ideas so on. I hope that the example involving early stages of education is something that everyone can, more or less, relate to (…or you may have completely different experiences). Quite often when I try to address my issues with unequal treatment of men by good military cover women or by any kind of authority/power I’m accused of being trivial. “Dude, get over it”, “Just be a man and deal with it” or “Oh, grow a pair”, does it sound familiar? I don’t agree with that kind of extended, thinking. As humans we should strive to change the environment around us in order to make it a sphere where everyone can live and have equal opportunity to flourish.

Women can always rely on feminism; a movement aimed at defending women’s rights (in a big shortcut) and what about extended essay ideas us, men? Feminism was born as a result of women feeling oppressed by men and their rejection of patriarchy as a system of unfair male dominance. Good for them! If I wish to be petty I could frown upon the fact that the word feminism is cover, not underlined in red by MS Word in contrary to extended essay the words maskulinism and masculism. Instead I would like things to change. Imbalance of power in public sphere, that men and women share together on daily basis, can lead to bullying of one side. Cheap Cv Writing Services. It’s important to stress out that as much as tolerance and equality is vital to obtain, than having a “side” (which may not sound very “equlitish” )and being able to relate yourself to a certain group is fundamental in achieving a healthy balance. Women have feminism to always back them up. What do men have? We have each other.

I’m not talking about good old “bros before hoes” which can be easily countered with another interesting saying “sister before mister”. I would like to notice that the women’s movement since 19 th century can proudly present us with three waves of feminism that acknowledge the need for constant evolution in order to stay relevant. Extended Essay. Why the need for change? Because roles of women in our society continually change. What about men? Do men don’t evolve in relation to essay cover template society’s expectations towards them? It seems that women have their union and men live in chemistry an ideological diaspora. Hopefully now dear reader you are a tad more interested in what masculinism is. Unfortunately quick Google search revealed scarce information. If you go on Wikipedia you’ll notice a big note before the article on masculinism; “This article needs additional citations for verification.

Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.” That doesn’t sound promising. Essays On Online. The Oxford English Dictionary recognises a masculinist as “An advocate of the rights or needs of men”, short and to the point, I like that one. Unfortunately Merriam-Webster defines a masculinist as a person who “advocates male superiority or dominance”, a lovely biased definition that sounds like what men used to think of feminists (just swap “male” for “female”). Extended Essay Ideas Chemistry. Luckily I’ve managed to find a very good definition in “The Blackwell Dictionary of professional cv writing services, Western Philosophy” [Fig.3]. My only problem with this definition is its beginning “From a feminist point of view (…)”; maybe it’s about time that definitions regarding male ideology were written from a male point of view? Maybe it’s about time that men start taking care of their own problems instead of leaving all that, how honourable”, work for our female counterparts? Don’t you feel something is not right when a feminist portal undertake defending (in a way…) men’s rights (from a feminist point of view) rather than us men? But men don’t need feminists to tell them “I told us so…” or “Come, you can play with us”.

We should strive to essay ideas be all equal and stand next to feminists as masculinists and demolish this out-dated system (it might sound very pompous but it is necessary). Essays Shopping. Together we can hold it still while you ladies punch it as hard as possible. If what was already said didn’t make you think about the issue of unequal treatment of men and extended essay chemistry women I have one more fact taken from “An Analysis of Male Victimization” by Dr Malcolm George as a part of Domestic Violence: Findings from a new British Crime Survey self-completion questionnaire (1991). * 4.2% of women and 4.2% of men reported physical assault by a current or former partner in the last year. That statistic shows that we (men and women) are both on good military letters the same boat. What’s worrying is the next set of data [Fig.4] showing that even though assault reporting is increasing (great!) in both men and women, men are still less prone to inform anyone about the attack. In my opinion that trend might be linked to campaigns against domestic violence being mostly addressed to women and not men.

Rather than warning and educating about the consequences of aggression in relationship between two human beings they always exhibit men as main perpetrators [Fig.5].

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Clinical trials for medicines: apply for authorisation in essay ideas chemistry, the UK. How to apply for good cover, a clinical trial including eligibility, phases, model IMPDs, costs and how to make changes to your application. To apply, you must be the extended chemistry, sponsor of the cv writing services, trial, or someone authorised by them. Extended Essay Chemistry! If you are not established in the European Community then your legal representative must make the application. When a clinical trial authorisation (CTA ) is needed. Use MHRA’s online algorithm Is it a clinical trial of a medicinal product? ( PDF , 25.2KB , 2 pages ) to find out if your study needs MHRA authorisation. The algorithm is a set of questions that determine: whether the substance you’re testing counts as a medicinal product whether your trial counts as a clinical trial within the scope of the relevant EU directive. You can also read the clinical trial mock examples ( PDF , 25.9KB , 6 pages ) to help you decide if your study needs a CTA . If you are still unsure, email a copy of the protocol (the document describing the objectives, design and methodology) to, with ‘Scope - protocol review’ followed by the study title (shortened)’ as the subject line. You will also need a positive opinion from an ethics committee before you start your trial. You can get this before, at the same time or after you have made your submission to MHRA.

You must create XML and PDF versions, save and sign them electronically, and submit them with the rest of the required documents. Find guidance on how to complete this submission on the European Commission website. Submissions through the art thesis, Common European Submission Portal (CESP) Clinical trial submissions can be made through CESP. This system is available from the Heads of extended ideas chemistry Medicines Agencies (HMA) and provides a simple and secure mechanism for exchange of extended essay ideas information between applicants and regulatory agencies. The purpose of the system is to: provide a secure method of communicating with regulatory agencies via one platform allow submission of an application once to reach all required agencies reduce the , burden for essay chemistry, both industry and regulators of submitting/handling applications on CD-ROM and DVD. If you are a first time CESP user and wish to setup up an professional organisation/university or trust to manage multiple users on essay ideas, the system, register with CESP here.

If you are a standalone user and wish to upload for Non Commercial Use on your own behalf, register with CESP here. Once registered you will receive credentials to access the portal to your registered email address. General CESP training is good letters, available to all registered users via CESP’s training menu once logged into the system. Training on demand videos are available and you can also sign up to our free online weekly live demonstrations. CESP encourage all users to attend training before using the system. View FAQs here. There are 4 phases of a clinical trial and a product can only go to the next phase if it has passed the safety and effectiveness tests of the previous one.

Your application must specify the phase. Phase I trials, sometimes called first-in-human trials, test a small number of ideas subjects to find out essay page, how the treatment works in extended essay, the body. This type of trial aims to find the essays shopping, lowest dose at chemistry, which the essay cover page, treatment is effective (the minimum therapeutic dose) and the highest dose at which it can be taken without causing harm. Phase II trials test the treatment in several hundred people with a given disease or condition. They aim to find out how well the ideas, treatment works in larger numbers, identify common side effects, and refine the dose and length of treatment. Phase III trials typically compare the essay ideas, treatment across several thousand patients to gather more detailed information on how well it works in groups of patients and its safety. The results influence the prescribing and patient information of a medicine once it is marketed. Trials are carried out after a medicine has been licensed and put on the market.

These trials are designed to find out more about the long term harms and benefits of a medicine and to discover new uses for it. Applications that need expert advice. For certain trials, we will seek advice from the Clinical Trials, Biologicals and Vaccines Expert Advisory Group (CTBVEAG ) of the Commission on Human Medicines (CHM ). The CHM will then discuss the trial at their meeting, which will take place later in the same week as the CTBVEAG meeting. We will make the decision to refer applications for extended ideas, expert advice based on an assessment of the risks and how the , sponsor plans to extended ideas chemistry mitigate them. Areas we look at , when considering risk factors include: mode of action nature of the target relevance of animal species and models. We may refer other applications for expert advice if we identify issues during the steroid research, assessment process. Currently, all initial applications for trials involving CAR-T cell medical products are being referred to CTBVEAG for advice. Examples of trials where expert advice may be needed include first-in-human (FIH ) trials with novel compounds where the: mode of action involves a target that is connected to multiple signalling pathways (target with pleiotropic effects), eg leading to various physiological effects or targets that are ubiquitously expressed compound acts (directly or indirectly) via a cascade system where there may be an amplification effect which might not be sufficiently controlled by extended essay a physiological feedback mechanism compound acts (directly or indirectly) via the immune system with a target or mechanism of action which is novel or currently not well characterised is novelty in the structure of the fine art thesis proposal, active substance eg a new type of engineered structural format such as those with enhanced receptor interaction as compared with the parent compound level of expression and biological function of the target receptor may differ between healthy individuals and patients with the relevant disease is insufficient available knowledge of the structure, tissue distribution, cell specificity, disease specificity, regulation, level of expression and biological function of the human target, including down-stream effects compound acts via a possible or likely species specific mechanism or where animal data are unlikely to be predictive of letters activity in essay, humans. Sponsors should contact us before applying for a CTA for these trials and supply us with a data package, which will allow us to get appropriate expert advice.

The normal timescale for fine, approving a CTA will begin when you actually submit your application. Sponsors should use the criteria above to decide if their trial needs expert advice. Chemistry! You can get pre-submission advice from us if you are unsure if your compound falls into essay ideas, the ‘higher-risk’ category. a summary of the nature of the compound its target/mechanism of action the relevance of the animal model(s) We will send a response to this email within 14 days. If we confirm that the application comes within the category of ‘higher risk’, you should select the date of the CTBVEAG /CHM meeting you want your trial discussed at.

You should then prepare a data package containing: the IMP dossier the investigator’s brochure the protocol responses to required CHM areas for discussion (see below) labelling manufacturer authorisation(s) a qualified person (QP) declaration on good manufacturing practice (GMP) (if necessary) a summary of scientific advice from any member state or the extended essay ideas, European Medicines Agency (EMA ), if available *a covering letter. You should submit the data package to us by sending an email titled ‘URGENT – FIH SUBMISSION’ to or using Eudralink. Fill out the Eudralink account request form to get an account. Steroid Research! You should submit it no later than 21 days before the date of the essay chemistry, CTBVEAG /CHM meeting it will be discussed at. The application form/xml file should be sent by email during the week of the CTBVEAG /CHM meetings. We will assess the information provided and may provide feedback on good cover letters, the content and completeness of the data package.

A formal letter with questions to ideas chemistry the sponsor will be sent as soon as possible (but no later than 14 days) after the CTBVEAG meeting. At the CHM meeting the questions, experts will discuss your application, including the responses you provide to the CHM areas for extended chemistry, discussion. These are: the function of the target in good military cover, man the ability of the subject to maintain a normal physiological response to challenge in the presence of the investigational product the transition from preclinical to human testing, particularly with regard to highly species-specific molecules the potential for on-target and off-target effects and how this will be handled in the clinic the good military cover letters, doses used in the relevant animal species (particularly with regard to chemistry the use in the animal model of the starting dose to be administered to man) a rationale for the starting dose in man (including, for example receptor occupancy) a rationale for the study population (particularly for the use of healthy volunteers) a rationale for the administration schedule for the initial and subsequent cohorts - this should include the time interval between doses administered to individual subjects a rationale for the dose escalation particularly with regard to potential adverse effect a rationale for the proposed trial site, including the facilities available. Documents to send with your application. Your submission package must include:

a covering letter (when applicable, the subject line should state that the submission is for paper, a Phase I trial and is eligible for a shortened assessment time, or if it is submitted as part of the extended essay, notification scheme) a clinical trial application form in , PDF and XML versions a protocol document an investigator’s brochure (IB ) or document replacing the essay ideas chemistry, IB an essays shopping investigational medical product dossier (IMPD ) or a simplified IMPD a non-investigational medicinal product dossier (if required) a summary of scientific advice from any Member State or the European Medicines Agency (EMA ), if available manufacturer’s authorisation, including the importer’s authorisation and Qualified Person declaration on good manufacturing practice for extended essay chemistry, each manufacturing site if the product is manufactured outside the EU a copy of the EMA ’s decision on on online, the paediatric investigation plan and the opinion of the , paediatric committee, if applicable the content of the labelling of the essay chemistry, investigational medicinal product (IMP ) (or justification for its absence) All documents must have copy and paste functionality. We do not currently password-protected documents. Extended Essay Ideas Chemistry! You must provide a file for professional cv writing, each section of the submission, even if you don’t have to ideas chemistry provide the documents as part of 2010 ged essay your application. If you do not need to include documents in a section, you must insert a document which gives an explanation for why the essay ideas, document has not been supplied. If you are using an in shopping, vitro diagnostic device in your trial, the covering letter and/or protocol should confirm that any applicable CE marking requirements have been complied with (or will be complied with prior to the study start). The information you provide in the submission package will be used to validate your application. Incomplete applications will be rejected.

Example investigational medical product dossiers (IMPDs ) If you are carrying out ideas, a trial using modified established medicines, MHRA has produced some mock examples of completed IMPDs which set out our minimum requirements: The initial assessment will be completed within 30 days of being submitted. Applications for healthy volunteer trials and sponsor-determined phase I trials in non-oncology patients may qualify for a shortened assessment time (average 14 days). Proposal! You should state on your covering letter if you think your trial is eligible. Note that trial designs that stretch to investigating the benefit of the treatment to subjects may not be eligible for extended chemistry, the expedited assessment timeframe. We will tell you the outcome of your submission, which could be: acceptance of the request for a clinical trial authorisation acceptance of the request for a clinical trial authorisation subject to conditions grounds for non-acceptance of the request for a clinical trial authorisation. If we do not accept your submission you will be told why and will usually have to fine art thesis amend your application and resubmit. Letters informing the applicant of MHRA’s decision relating to an amended request for a general medicinal product (Reg 18) or a product with special characteristics (Reg 20) will be sent by MHRA within 60 days of us receiving the extended essay, original valid application. Notification of MHRA’s decision relating to an amended request for a gene therapy, somatic cell therapy (including xenogenic cell therapy) product or products containing genetically modified organisms (Reg 19) will be sent within 90 days of us receiving the cheap services, original application unless otherwise advised.

Change your application before or during assessment. You can submit further supporting documentation before assessors begin their assessment of the application. You can’t send additional documents once we have begun assessment. If additional or updated documents are submitted the time limit for extended ideas, assessment restarts. You should submit updated or additional documentation to us by cheap cv writing email. The email must be sent by the contact person listed in chemistry, the application form and must be entitled:

‘Changes to submitted documentation/additional documentation to CTA (Number XXXXX/XXXX/XXX-XXXX) - EudraCT Number XXXX-XXXXXX-XX.’ We will inform you by email of either rejection or acceptance of the proposal, changes. If the request is accepted the date of your email will be reflected on your acknowledgement letter. Withdraw your request before the final decision. You may withdraw your request at essay ideas chemistry, any point before a decision on authorisation is research, reached.

It is not possible to withdraw an application once grounds for non-acceptance has been issued. To withdraw an ideas chemistry application you must send an email entitled ‘Withdrawal of CTA – EudraCT Number XXXX-XXXXXX-XX.’ The email must be sent by the contact person listed in Section C.1 of the application form and include a statement of intention to withdraw the application. You must also send a signed, formal letter on company-headed paper including: the EudraCT number, CTA number (if available) and protocol number of the application to be withdrawn a brief description of the extended ideas, reasons for withdrawing the application. Once we receive the formal letter, it will be processed within 5 days and an acknowledgement email will be sent to you to confirm that the application has been withdrawn. If you want to military cover letters resubmit your application after withdrawing it, you must state that it is a re-submission in the covering letter and on the application form. Common issues identified during clinical trial applications. More than half of all applications clinical trial authorisation (CTA ) applications for investigational medicinal products (IMPs) received by the Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency (MHRA) require additional information to extended essay ideas be submitted before they are considered approvable. Many of the issues identified are common and avoidable if available guidance is followed or if a satisfactory justification for not following the essay template, applicable guidance is provided in extended essay chemistry, the application.

This guidance sets out the most common issues and how to avoid them. We provide a notification scheme for certain lower-risk trials, defined as ‘Type A’ trials. In these cases, the risk to the patient from the IMP is considered to be no greater than that of standard medical care. Trials under the notification scheme also have simplified requirements for conducting the trial. Our guidance document Points to consider when preparing the IMP dossier ( PDF , 54.8KB , 3 pages ) gives more information about these requirements.

These are trials involving medicinal products licensed in essay cover page, any EU Member State if: the trial relates to the licensed range of extended ideas indications, dosage and form of the cv writing, product the extended essay ideas, trial involves off-label use (such as in paediatrics and oncology) that is established practice and supported by cover letters enough published evidence and/or guidelines. For the purposes of fee determination, an extended essay application supported by fine quality data for ideas, blinding purposes (for example placebo comparator or over-encapsulation) remains within the category of applications without an IMPD . Applications under the Notification Scheme do not incur a fee. You can contact MHRA Finance Department on 020 3080 6533 or email for more information on how to fine art thesis pay fees. For further information about your submission, including status and tracking enquiries, contact the clinical trials helpline on essay chemistry, 020 3080 6456 (Monday to Friday 8:30am to shopping 4.30pm) or email See Clinical trials named contact for further information. Published: 18 December 2014. Updated: 4 August 2017. 4 August 2017 Additional information added to the section: Documents to send with your application. 18 May 2017 Updated clinical trial mock examples. 31 March 2017 Information about proof of payment requirements updated. 27 March 2017 Updated to include a link to guidance on common issues identified during clinical trial applications and how to avoid them.

24 January 2017 Updated contact information for fee section. Cheap Professional Cv Writing! 12 January 2017 Additional information about applications for trials involving CAR-T cell medical products added to the page. Essay Ideas Chemistry! 3 January 2017 Updated contact information. 20 December 2016 Contact information updated. 28 November 2016 Updated information under 'Assessment of your submission’. 1 February 2016 Physical media submissions (CD/DVD) for medicines licences and clinical trial applications will not be accepted from 1 February 2016. 18 December 2014 First published.

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